JOHN C. and JAMES H. JUDKINS

SOURCE:  FIND A GRAVE    https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/210382115/john-christopher-judkins

 

There are published articles about John Christopher Judkins that have some errors. I encourage descendants to seek all available objective/official sources of information on him and determine the facts from an analysis. PLEASE let me know if you have cited source/objective data that conflicts with what you see here:

John Christopher Judkins was a son of George Judkins & Margaret Lucas (Memorials will be linked). His parents married in Surry County, Virginia, and were on the 1810 US Federal Census while living there. John was born in Surry County, Virginia.

John, his parents and siblings migrated to Alabama by way of Powellton, Hancock County, Georgia, where they are enumerated on the 1820 US Federal Census.

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SOURCE:  FIND A GRAVE    https://www.findagrave.com/memorial/210382115/john-christopher-judkins

 

There are published articles about John Christopher Judkins that have some errors. I encourage descendants to seek all available objective/official sources of information on him and determine the facts from an analysis. PLEASE let me know if you have cited source/objective data that conflicts with what you see here:

John Christopher Judkins was a son of George Judkins & Margaret Lucas (Memorials will be linked). His parents married in Surry County, Virginia, and were on the 1810 US Federal Census while living there. John was born in Surry County, Virginia.

John, his parents and siblings migrated to Alabama by way of Powellton, Hancock County, Georgia, where they are enumerated on the 1820 US Federal Census.

“Dictionary of Alabama Biography” Vol III by Thomas McAdory Owen (1866-1920) published 1921 by S. J. Clarke Publishing Company [OCLC Number=1872130] has an article on John Christopher Judkins that has some information that can be fact-checked and some that cannot. There are also some errors in the article. Owen has information that matches what has been passed down through his descendants such as: George Judkins, John’s father, removed to Alabama in 1821 “and settled on lands on the Tallapoosa River, nine miles from Montgomery, where he established Judkins Ferry, which was the first on that river and has been in continuous use for a century.”

BLM GLO site lists 6 land patents for John C Judkins all dated Feb 2, 1843. The land is in Macon County, Alabama totaling 264.15 acres. SOURCE = https://glorecords.blm.gov/results/default.aspx?searchCriteria=type=patent|st=AL|cty=|ln=Judkins|fn=John|mn=C|sp=true|sw=true|sadv=false

1850 Aug 24 John’s Uncle Henry Lucas [Margaret Lucas Judkins’ brother] deeded ~806 acres of land to John. The land was “lying near to and on the West side of Line creek.” SOURCE = Deed Book#1 (old series) p184 – Montgomery County, AL Courthouse.

After the Civil War, John C Judkins and some other Southern plantation owners decided to get a fresh start in Brazil. In Feb 1867 several Montgomery, Alabama government leaders signed a letter of support for John C. Judkins’ desire to leave Alabama to seek a residence in Brazil. Below is part of the cover letter signed by the Governor of Alabama, then the testimonial that provides wonderful information about John:

The State of Alabama, 27 Feb 1867
To all to whom these presents may come:
“Be it known that I, Robert M. Patton, Governor of the State of Alabama, do hereby certify that the Circular letter commending John C. Judkins, is signed by some of the best and most distinguished citizens of this State, and that they are such as they represent themselves to be.” . . . R. M. Patton, Govr of Alabama

“The United States of America, The State of Alabama, City of Montgomery, February 1867
To all Strangers Greeting,
Our friend Mr. John C. Judkins intending to leave his home in Alabama, to seek residence in the Empire of Brazil, we present him this paper as a testimonial of our appreciation of his merits, our best wishes for his welfare and prosperity, and of our many regrets at parting from him.
He is a man most worthy of confidence and esteem in all the relations of life; and for years has been one of the largest and most successful cotton planters in this State. He has developed the art of cultivating cotton to its highest perfection, managing and controlling the labor of a large number of slaves with a system and success which have been the admiration of all who knew him. He has repeatedly represented his County in the Legislature of the State of Alabama and resigned a position in that body to his emigration to Brazil.
We commend him most heartedly to the kind attention of all to whom these presents may come, and the best wish that we can give him is that he may find friends in his new home with hearts as kind and true as his own.
T.M. Arrington, Judge of the City Court of Montgomery
A. J. Walker, Chief Justice of Alabama
Thos. J. Judge, Associate Justice
J. H. Watts, Ex Gov of Ala.
John W. A. Sanford, Atty Gen of Ala
Geo. Goldthwaite, Judge 2nd Judicial Circuit Ala
David Campbell, Judge of Probate Montgomery County Ala”

“The Elmore Standard” Friday, September 13, 1867:
Brazil – Letters have been received from Mr. John C. Judkins, within a few days, by members of his family in this city. He has determined to settle in Brazil, and has purchased land at the head of navigation on the Rio Doce River, in the Province of Espiritu Santo, where he represents the land to be rich, the water good, and the climate salubrious. He intends calling his settlement Wetumpka and expects all Wetumpkians to settle there. [Transcribed by Linda Blankenship]

The Brazilian Plan did not take off as John C. Judkins had hoped. Also, his wife, Eliza, was never well enough to go to Brazil. John returned to Alabama before the 1870 US Federal Census.

John, Eliza and John’s brother, James Henry Judkins, all died in 1871 and are all buried in Judkins Family Cemetery in Montgomery County, Alabama. It is possible that all three Judkins died of yellow fever:

http://www.encyclopediaofalabama.org/article/h-3990
“Alabamians continued to experience yellow fever throughout the 1860s and into the early 1870s. Outbreaks in Mobile and Montgomery were the most frequent during that time as these two cities were major transportation routes through which outsiders brought in the disease.”

SOURCES: Objective
US Federal Census records: 1810-1840 of John C. Judkins’ parents before John was on his own. He married in 1834 and is enumerated 1850-1870.

Montgomery County, AL Courthouse records:
Will Bk 5, pp98-99 John C. Judkins’ 9 Jan 1871 WILL & 13 April 1871 Probate of his WILL.
Deed Bk 46, pp96-97 20 Nov 1879 PARTITION DEED for Eliza J. Judkins for property in Montgomery and Macon counties, AL. It was not filed for probate until Feb 14th, 1900.

Elmore County, AL Will Bk A pp46-49 Eliza Judkins’ 3 Apr 1871 WILL & 27 May 1872 Probate of her WILL

SOURCES: Personal accounts by 2 descendants:
1921 A letter written by John C. & Eliza Jane Judkins’ son James Henry Judkins (1839-1922). It was to his sister Frances Judkins Oliver (1842-1921) reminiscing about their childhood.

“Brazilian Recollections” by Lucy Judkins Durr (1865-1959) OCLC=24860150 https://www.worldcat.org/search?q=ti%3Abrazilian+recollections+au%3ALucy+Judkins+Durr&qt=advanced&dblist=638
NOTE: Lucy was John & Eliza Young Judkins’ granddaughter. Her compilation includes copies of John C. Judkins’ 21 Aug 1867 Passport to Brazil and the 2 Feb 27, 1867 letters transcribed above.

James H. (James Henry) Judkins 

He was born 1839 Feb. 2 in Montgomery Co., Ala., to John Christopher and Eliza Jane Young Judkins. He attended the University of Ala. and the University of Va. He fought in the Civil War and rose to the rank of captain before becoming private secretary to Gov. Thomas H. Watts, 1863-1865. Also during the Civil War, he married Mary Elizabeth Johnston on 1862 Jan. 16, at Tuskegee, Macon Co., Ala. After that conflict he emigrated to Brazil, 1867-1870; was county solicitor of Elmore Co., Ala., 1872-1874; inspector of the state penitentiary, 1874-1880; then became assistant U.S. attorney for the middle district of Ala., 1897-1901, and U.S. Marshal for the same area, 1905-1913. He owned plantations in Elmore Co. and Bullock Co., Ala. He and his wife had nine children, three of whom died in childhood. He died 1922 July 1, in Montgomery, Montgomery Co., Ala.

Mary (Mary Elizabeth Johnston) Judkins was born to Lancelot and Lucy Lumpkin Johnston III in Macon Co., Ala. She married James H. Judkins on 1862 Jan. 16. She died at the age of seventy-four, probably between 1910 and 1920.

Thomas W. (Thomas Williams) Judkins was born in 1867 to James H. and Mary E. Judkins in Wetumpka, Elmore Co., Ala. He was connected with the Durr Drug Co. for over thirty years before his death on 1933 July 12 in Montgomery.

Willulah Judkins was born 1878 Dec. 13 to James H. and Mary E. Judkins in Wetumpka, Elmore Co., Ala. She died in 1968.

Clifjames Judkins was born ca. 1872 to James H. and Mary E. Judkins in Wetumpka, Elmore Co., Ala. He married Florence Kizer in Montgomery, Ala.

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