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Reverend Junius Eastham Newman

Junius  E.  Newman  arrived i n the  port of  Rio de Janeiro  on  August 5, 1867. 

He was a  member of the  Alabama  Conference,  who  being  dissatisfied  with

conditions  in the south after the Civil War, left along with other southerners

to make a new home in  Brazil.  He did not go to  Brazil as a  missionary,   but

rather, in 1865, Bishop William May Wightman released Newman from duties

in Mississippi and Alabama and appointed him to work without financial SUP-

port "in Central America or Brazil."

Newman went to Brazil without his family, arriving with only one hundred dol-

lars in his pocket. At first, he settled in Niteroi, near Rio de Janeiro. Apparently, he had wished to begin Methodist church services in his house, and perhaps to open a school, but was not able to do so. 4 After about six months, Newman's family joined him in Brazil, and approximately one year after his family's arrival, Newman relocated to Saltinho (1869), near Limeira in what was the Province of Sao Paulo. This was in an area where many other displaced southerners were settling, near the modern Brazilian city of Americana. There, Newman began to preach to the colonists twice a month, and by October 1869, he had written to the Mobile Conference, deploring his own inability to speak Portuguese well enough to preach in the language and urging the appointment of young missionaries who might become fluent enough in Portuguese to preach to the Brazilians. 

By 1871 Newman was devoting much of his time to his ministry among the southern emigrants. In a letter written April 28, 1871, Newman claimed that "I am now so situated that I can leave home to preach almost as much as I did when I was 'in the regular work. "'6 In that same letter, he requested to "be recognized as a missionary in Brazil," without "compensation as such ... [from] the Conference." And on the third Sunday of August 1871, he organized among the southern colonists the first Methodist church in Brazil.


At first, Newman's church included nine members, but gradually increased to "29 or 30."7 Soon, Newman had set up a circuit of five preaching stations and was preaching among the colonists full time. Newman continued to appeal to the Methodist Episcopal Church, South to send young ministers to help preach to the Brazilians. He also continued to request recognition of his own work among the southerners in Brazil, until, in May 1875, the Board of Missions "recognized the Rev. J. E. Newman, of Saltinho, District of Limeira, Province of San Paulo, as our missionary at that point. "

Newman remained active in his ministry to the colonists until his retirement in 1887 and his return to the United States in 1889. To our knowledge, Newman never fulfilled his ambition of preaching in Portuguese.



Rev. Junius E. Newman, died at his residence in Robinson District Sunday morning at 3 o'clock, after an illness of several months, in the 76th year of his age. He was a minister of ability in the M. E. Church South, and was for many years a Missionary in Brazil. He leaves a wife and seven children and a number of relatives to mourn his death. His funeral will take place today at 2 pm from the residence of his brother, I. V. Newman Esq, and the funeral services will be conducted by Rev. J. W. Simpson, Pastor of the M. E. Church South, in this city.- The Weekly Register, Point Pleasant, West Virginia, 15 May 1895

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1875 Map.JPG

Newman family homesite - Americana, Brazil  1875

Rev. Junius Eastham Newman


BIRTH 16 OCT 1819 • Point Pleasant Mason, West Virginia. USA

DEATH 13 MAY 1895 • Robinson, Mason, West Virginia, USA

Married 1st:  1867 • Pará, Bahia, Brazil

Mary A. Phillips


BIRTH 10 JUL 1824 • North Carolina, USA

DEATH 16 DEC 1876 • Sao Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Married 2nd:  1867 • Pará, Bahia, Brazil

Lydia Eugenia Daniel


BIRTH 25 DEC 1847 • Burnt Corn, Monroe, Alabama, USA

DEATH 25 NOV 1921 • Huntington, Cabell, West Virginia, USA

Lydia's 1st husband was William Barr with whom she had four children

1.  William DeLacey Barr

2. Ada M. Barr

3.  James Barr

4.  Cornelia A. Barr


1.   Virginia H. Newman

2.   Mary Phillips Newman

3.   Frank Newman

4.   William Walter Newman

5.   Annie Ayers Newman

6.   Thomas Foster Newman


Virginia H. Newman


BIRTH 20 AUG 1848 • Talladega County, Alabama, USA

DEATH 19 DEC 1923 • Lauderdale County, Mississippi, USA

Married:  23 Jul 1867 • Lauderdale County, Mississippi, USA

Dr. Leonidas Shackelford 


BIRTH 1834 • Greensboro, Hale, Alabama, USA

DEATH 19 MAY 1878 • Meridian, Lauderdale, Mississippi, USA

Son of John Wade Shackelford and Lucretia Brooks Wynn



Thomas Reed Shackelford


BIRTH 16 MAR 1869 • Meridian, Lauderdale, Mississippi, USA

DEATH 28 OCT 1871 • Lauderdale County, Mississippi, USA

Died Young


Leonidas Newman "Lee" Shackelford Jr


BIRTH 20 JUN 1871 • Meridian, Lauderdale, Mississippi, USA

DEATH 12 JAN 1942 • Lauderdale County, Mississippi, USA

Married:  6 Feb 1919

Annie Rachel McNeill


BIRTH 15 JAN 1879 • Mississippi, USA

DEATH 15 OCT 1957 • Meridian, Lauderdale, Mississippi, USA

Daughter of Hugh McNeil and Ida Lee Roberts


Mary Wynn Shackelford


BIRTH 28 JUN 1873 • Lauderdale County, Mississippi, USA

DEATH 07 SEP 1954 • Lauderdale County, Mississippi, USA



Mary Phillips Newman


BIRTH 24 AGO 1851 • Montgomery, Montgomery, Alabama, USA

DEATH 18 MAR 1911 • Chattanooga, Hamilton, Tennessee, USA

Married:  ABT 1870 • ,Sao Paulo, Brazil

Albert Galleton Carr


BIRTH 24 AUG 1829 • Montgomery, Montgomery, Alabama, USA

DEATH 08 FEB 1894 • Santa Bárbara d'Oeste, Sao Paulo, Brazil

No children from this marriage

The Montgomery Advertiser,

Sun. Ap[r 3, 1887  page 8

Died In Brazil

Died in Santa Barbara, Province De Sao Paulo, Brazil, on February 8, 1887, Albert G. Carr.

Mr. Carr was born August 26, 1829, and was raised near Snowdoun, Montgomery County, Alabama, from whence he moved to Lowndes County, where nis brothers, Mr. James Carr and Dr. G. W. L. Carr, still reside.  He went to Brazil in 1866 and never returned.


 Mr. Carr was twice married.  His first wife was Miss Mary Ray, also a native of Montgomery County.  After her death, he married Miss Mary Newman, daughter of Rev. Mr. Newman, Methodist missionary to Brazil from Mississippi.  Mr. Carr had four children, one son and three daughters all married.  His daughters still live in Brazil.


Frank Newman


BIRTH 1853

DEATH 1854 • Alabama, USA

Died Young


William Walter Newman


BIRTH 1855 • Alabama


No further information


Annie Ayers Newman


BIRTH 25 DEC 1856 • Livingston, Sumter, Alabama, USA

DEATH 18 JUL 1880 • Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Married:  1879 • ,,Brazil

John James Ransom


BIRTH 8 JUL 1853 • Rutherford County, Tennessee, USA

DEATH 18 OCT 1932 • Nashville, Davidson, Tennessee, USA

Son of Richard Portis Ransom and Frances Hass

John J Ransom.jpg

More on Annie Newman


Thomas Foster Newman


BIRTH 27 JUN 1858 • Mississippi, USA

DEATH 08 AUG 1863 • Lauderdale County, Mississippi, USA

No further information

Chattanooga Daily Times 

Sun. Mar. 19, 1911  Page 3


Well-Known Travers' Aid" in Work of W.W.C.A.

Mrs. Mary Newman Carr, who has been a veritable angel to untold lone women travelers who have passed through the terminal station, died yesterday at 1:15 o'clock at the West Ellis Hospital after a long illness. Mrs. Carr spent many months in this city serving the Y.W.C.A. as "Travelers Aid" at the Terminal where she gave her attention to women traveling alone and to young girls arriving in the city in search of work.  Ill health caused her to abandon her work about nine months ago, to the great regret of her associates.

Mrs. Carr was a deaconess of the M. E. Church south.  She was a native of Alabama, born in 1851.  With her father, Junius E. Newman, she went to Brazil at the age of 17, becoming a missionary at that age.  With her sister, she established one of the first girls' schools in Brazil.  The family introduced Southern Methodism into South America.  While in Brazil she married A. D. Carr, Also a missionary.  He died there and soon she returned to the States to engage in work as a home missionary.

She is survived by a sister, Mrs Virginia Shaclford, of Meridian, and a brother, William Newman, who is in Brazil.


Funeral services will be held from the Centenary M.E. Church, south, this afternoon at 4 o'clock, conducted by the pastor, Dr. W.E. Thompson.  Internment will be in Forest Hills cemetery.  Pallbearers will be G. Fred Thomas, C.C. Breeden, Charles Coffey and Could McClure.  


1.  Louis D. Newman

2.  Junius Taylor Newman

3. Kathryn S Newman

Annie Newman had been born in Livingston, Sumter County, Alabama on December 25, 1856. She was only eleven when she arrived in Brazil, and thus learned the language well. Later, Ransom would write with admiration of Annie's ability to speak as educated Brazilians spoke. It was actually Annie Newman who first began translating Methodist literature into Portuguese. She translated some of the first hymns into Portuguese. She also translated Bishop McTyeire's Catechism on Church Government and the Wesleyan Catechism, No. 3 into Portuguese. Although John Ransom is the name most often associated with the beginning of Methodist publishing in Portuguese, for instance with the Compendia da Igreja Metodista (1878), it was actually Annie Newman who did the earliest writing. 


Annie Newman was such a gifted student and teacher that upon graduation she was sought after by several Brazilian schools. She accepted a position teaching at the Colegio Rangel Pestana, which was an elite women's school in Sao Paulo serving some of the outstanding families of the province. One of the students at this school was Prudente de Moraes' daughter, and it was while she was teaching at this school that the Barros brothers approached Junius Newman about opening a school in Piracicaba. Ransom later related the story in the following way: "It was then [1878] that Collegio Newman in Piracicaba began to be talked of. The citizens of the place knew of Miss Annie Newman through their daughters who had been at Colegio Pestana, and they urged the matter. With some reluctance, she acceded to her father's plans .... In July 1879, the Collegio Newman was opened."

Annie Newman opened the school in Piracicaba with the help of her sister, Mary Newman, three regular assistants, and a temporary art teacher. Her father, as we remember, had hoped from his first years in Niteroi to open a school and had urged Annie ahead with the project. In order to support the project he actually moved his family to Piracicaba in 1879. Ransom had also urged the project and had directed an appeal to the first annual meeting of the Woman's Board of Foreign Missions (then, the General Executive Association of the Woman's Missionary Society of the Methodist Episcopal Church, South) meeting in Louisville on May 16-17, 1879, which, in response, had promised $500 toward "Miss Newman's school. "  The next year, the Woman's Missionary Society appropriated $1,000 for "school purposes" in Brazil. 

However, Annie Newman had not been anxious to open the school in Piracicaba, but as Ransom related, "with some reluctance, acceded to her father's plans." Ransom did not explain the reason for Newman's reluctance, but one can speculate that it had to do with her desire to get married, because on December 25, 1879, she married J. J. Ransom and took on "the work that would be hers as the wife of a Methodist missionary."29

Ransom had re-started Methodist work in Rio de Janeiro in January 1878, and soon after their marriage Annie Ayers Ransom left Piracicaba and moved to Rio de Janeiro with her husband. By that time, the end of 1879, the Catete Methodist Church in Rio was well established with both Portuguese and English services and a strong Sunday School. Ransom had started satellite congregations in Santana and Niteroi. Preaching was on Thursday, Friday, Saturday, and twice on Sundays. Ransom had also begun to publish Methodist materials in Portuguese, had organized a library with 200 volumes, and planned to open a school. Annie became a full partner in all of the work.

As I stated, it is my opinion that Annie Ayres Newman Ransom was a key to solidifying Methodism and Methodist education in Brazil. Her connections, of course, with the Barros brothers were important. Also, the models of education that she brought together from the Colegio Internacional and the Colegio Pestana were significant, for they set the pattern of Methodist education in Brazil. But just as significant was her death. She died tragically just a few months after her wedding, in July 1880. John J. Ransom had contracted yellow fever for the second time in March 1880, and after nursing him back to health, Annie too contracted the disease and died. Ransom was heartbroken and returned to the United States to recover. Much seemed lost as the Newman school in Piracicaba had been forced to close without Annie and as the school in Rio might not start without her. But Ransom was a gifted speaker, and as he traveled throughout the south of the United States and spoke of needs and opportunities for the gospel in Brazil, Ransom personalized his appeal by narrating the story of his wife.


Louis D. Newman


BIRTH 14 FEB 1882 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 16 FEB 1947 • Huntington, Cabell County, West Virginia, USA

Married:  22 Jan 1918 • Cabell County, West Virginia, USA

Muriel M. Burks


BIRTH 5 JUL 1894 • Wayne County, West Virginia, USA

DEATH 26 DEC 1956 • Los Angeles County, California, USA

Daughter of Creed Crittendon Burks and Mary Elizabeth Thacker



Junius Taylor Newman


BIRTH 9 AUG 1885 • Brazil

DEATH 6 DEC 1939 • Dayton, Montgomery,

Ohio, USA


Loretta May "Lottie" Jarrell


BIRTH 1892 • Quinnemont, Fayette,

West Virginia, USA

Daughter of Griffin "Griff" Jarrell and

Margaret Elisabeth "Lydia" Toney

Loretta married 2nd:

Harry B Boham


BIRTH 1874

DEATH 1956



Kathryn S Newman


BIRTH MAY 1888 • Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 28 SEP 1959 • Huntington, Cabell, West Virginia, USA

Married:  1908 • West Virginia, USA

Frank Elmo Mcdonie


BIRTH 4 JUN 1888 • Hinton, Summers, West Virginia, USA

DEATH 2 JAN 1957 • Huntington, Cabell, West Virginia, USA

Son of Charles B Mcdonie and Leila "Lee" Finster



Alma Ruth McDomie


BIRTH ABT. 1910 • West Virginia, USA

DEATH 5 MAY 1988

Married:  6 Aug 1931 • Huntington, Cabell, West Virginia, USA

Francis Albert Pierpont


BIRTH 16 MAR 1901 • Harrisville, Ritchie, West Virginia, USA

DEATH 15 OCT 1992 • Charlotte, Mecklenburg, North Carolina, USA

Son of Albert Morgan Pierpont and Isa M. Martin


Clyde E McDonie


BIRTH 06 OCT 1911 • Huntington, Cabell, West Virginia, USA

DEATH 1989 • West Virginia, USA


Esther Lilly


BIRTH 2 SEP 1906 • Cabell County, West Virginia, USA

DEATH 30 MAR 1996 • Huntington, Cabell, West Virginia, USA

Daughter of Floyd Eldridge Lilly and Dorcas Agatha Bias

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