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Squire Spoor

was born in Wyoming County, Pennsylvania in 1841  At the age of 18, he went to Brazil and later became associated with the firm of Humbird Bros., of Cumberland in railroad construction.  He lived in Brazil40 years making his home in Sao Paulo. 

On March 23, 1871, in Campinas, Brazil, he married Laura Melinda Porter.  She was the daughter of James Denford Porter and Susan Meigs Francis.  Her father, a Confederado from Alabama, had come to Brazil in 1868 but died seven months after his arrival of yellow fever in Rio de Janeiro.  In 1888 Mr. Sampson retired and moved back to the United States to Germantown, Pennsylvania where he lived until 1900, then relocated to Catonsville, Maryland, USA.   

"According to Bellona Smith Ferguson, the first trolleys made in Brazil was by a Yankee named Sampson",  Source: The Confederados, page 165  Dawsey

See Sampson family page



Joel Lafayette





Immigrant from Mississippi, USA,  
The Weekly Iberville South, Nov. 23, 1867
....Dr. Satterfield of Miss. bought, I think, 15,000 acres, 149 slaves, crops, & c., for $80,000, paying $5,000 down, $10,000 in five months and balance on long term....
No further information yet.


Rev. Francis J. C.   

Francis J. C.
Francis J C Schneider was born in Erfurt, Germany, on March 29, 1832, and emigrated to the United States, becoming an American citizen. He majored in letters at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, western Pennsylvania. In 1861, he completed his studies at the Western Theological Seminary in Allegheny, the same one in which Rev. Alexander Blackford had studied. He was licensed by the Ohio Presbytery and ordained in 1861 by the Saltsburg Presbytery in Pennsylvania. He was the third Presbyterian missionary to come to Brazil, having arrived in Rio de Janeiro on December 7, 1861. The Junta de New York sent him to work among German immigrants. In the same month, at the invitation of the director of Colônia D. Pedro II, maintained by Companhia União e Indústria, he preached several times to German settlers in Juiz de Fora.
Although in 1860 and 1861 Simonton and Blackford made reconnaissance visits to the then Province of São Paulo, Schneider was the first to reside in São Paulo. At the end of January 1862, he spent a few days in the capital of São Paulo and preached in German to about thirty people. He then proceeded to the interior, visiting the German and Swiss colonies of São Jerônimo, Ibicaba, Beri, Cubatingo, São Lourenço, and Paraíso, preaching in them and also in Campinas, Limeira, and Rio Claro, always in German. These colonies were on the land of distinguished citizens such as Senator Vergueiro, Senator Queiroz and Commander Luís Antônio de Souza Barros. On this trip, Schneider settled in Rio Claro, staying there until March 1863 and preaching on Sundays in the aforementioned colonies. Soon, however, he was disappointed with the Germans' spirituality.


Walter Sanders

Scofield 1.jpg

Walter Saunders Scofield's people came from Fairfield County, Conn., to Avoyelles Parish, Louisiana where he was born in 1847.  Records indicate that Scofield was paroled out of the Confederate Army as a private on June 8, 1865, and the following year walked from Louisiana to Galveston where he boarded a British sailing ship, the "Derby," bound for Brazil.  (The Derby was the ship that Frank McMullen had chartered for his immigrant colony.)   .....

....Scofield, a civil engineer and surveyor, met and married Celia Davis Leitner, another Confederado immigrant about the same age.  They lived on Leitner's parent's farm in Cidade de Cannavieras.  Georgia was born in 1871, Edith in 1873, but their mother, who apparently suffered from a respiratory condition, died two months after Edith's birth after, "Literally being worked to death.  These people were unaccustomed to hard labor."

In 1876, Scofield married 15-year-old Mary Rives "Matilde" Mobley, daughter of Confederado Samuel Wagner Mobley, who sailed on the ship South America.  Mobley's mother had been raising Scofield's daughters.

The girls hated the stepmother barely older than themselves, and Scofield, on April 1, 1883, sent them to the United States to live with his parents, ostensibly to get a proper education.  Then more misfortune; Both of Scofield's parents died within a few years of each other,  Lacking the money to return to Brazil, Scofield and his stateside kin opted to split them; Georgia was sent to live with "the less educated uncle"-- Scofield's brother, Eddy, who had recently taken a new wife, Marietta.  Edith fared a bit better, living with another of Scofield's brothers, Archie, near Magnolia, Miss. 

Walter died in Teofilo Otoni the following year and was buried, eventually with several of his children from his second marriage--.

See Scofield family page


John Henry

Jackson Monroe Scurlock was born 10 Jeb 1795 in Clark County, Alabama.  He married twice. First to Mary M Mills and then to Camilla I Braswell.  Jackson and Mary M Mills were married in Choctaw, Alabama on 24 May 1847 in Washington Alabama by Judge C.C. Houston and surety bond by S.S. Houston.  Mary was the daughter of Alfred Mills and Sarah Ann Pennrice, early pioneers to the Alabama territory whose families were from Virginia and North Carolina respectively.
Jackson and Mary had three children: Walton Louis Scurlock, probably named after Jackson's brother; Patrick Henry Scurlock (sometimes called John); and Alfred Scurlock, who died as an infant. 
Mary M Mills died 25 Feb 1855 in Choctaw County, Alabama just ten days after the birth of her third son, Alfred, on .15 Feb 1855.  Alfred lived until 1 May 1856.  She was only twenty-three years old.  
On 14 May 1864, Jackson paid the fee for the administration of Louisa H Braswell's property in Alabama.  She was the mother of Camilla Braswell, who became Jackson's second wife.  Jackson's tombstone in the Corinth Cemetery in Choctaw County Alabama says he was buried at sea, probably on a trip to or from Brazil.  There is a question as to whether he was on the "Talisman" which veered off course and ended up in the Cape Verde Islands before reaching Brazil, months later.  Some think that he is buried in Cape Verde.
Camilla, having returned to Alabama with some of the Scurlock family after a nine-year stay in Brazil, is buried in the Corinth Cemetery but the date on the tombstone indicated birth in 1837 and death in 1897, not 1891. 
Jackson and Camilla had eight children:  Franklin Buchanan Scurlock; William Burton Scurlock; Mary Scurlock; James Scurlock; Mary (Mamie) Scurlock; Toutant Beaureguard "Booty" Scurlock; Louisa Scur-lock; and Don  Pedro Scurlock Sr.
John Henry Scurlock: enlisted in Company I of the 6th Texas Cavalry at Dallas, Texas, in September 1861. He fought in the battles of Elkhorn Tavern, Corinth, Hatchie Bridge, and the Atlanta Campaign. He surrendered in Mississippi in May 1865. 
See Scurlock family page.




See Seawright family page.



Settled in Santarem,  No further information yet, Source  LOP


 No further information yet, 



Immigrated from Alabama with John C. Judkins
The Montgomery Advertiser, Sep. 29, 1867
Arrivals from Brazil - We were pleased yesterday to meet our old and late fellow citizens, Mssrs. John C. Judkins and John Shackleford, who have returned from Brazil, to make preparations for a final removal to that country.  They are in good health and spirits and represent that the flattering accounts we have heard do not do Brazil ever justice.  MrJudkins has purchased a plantation, and intends to take his family with him on his return; Mr. Shacklford also has determined to return.  They were good citizens and clever gentlemen, and we regret to bid them a final adieu.  Our regret, however, is mitigated with the hope that we will hear from them often, and that they will make occasional visits to good old Alabama.
The Athens, Weekly, Oct. 3, 1867
From Brazil - We learn that Messrs. John C. Judkins and John Shackleford reached Macon county on Wednesday last, from Brazil.  These gentlemen are greatly impressed with Brazil as a country for Southerns, and have purchased homes for themselves and a number of other gentlemen in that country.  As soon as they can settle their affairs in Alabama, Mssrs. Judkins and Shackleford will return ton To Brazil at their permanent residence.
No further information yet


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Dr. H.A.

Scout,   Source: Elusive Eden   page 82,   Dr. H.A. Shaw of Aiken, SC; newspaper publisher in Brazil


Dr. E. M.

Immigrated from Texas, Lived in Carenenea 

No further information yet, 


William Francis

Capt. William Francis "Frank" Shippey  married Lizzie Freligh of Memphis, Tenn; she was living in Long Beach, California in 1930.  


Capt. W.F. Shippey, after an illness lasting over two years, died at his home from kidney disease at the age of 49 years.  He was born in Pensacola, Florida on April 18, 1940.  He was educated for the navy and served as a midshipman until 1861 when he resigned to join the Confederacy.  He served on the staff of General J.E.B. Stuart until the latter's death but gave up the cavalry for the navy.  Captain Shippey took part in the defense of Richmond, being assigned to duty on the James River.


After the had ended, Captain Shippey sailed for Brazil with one of the early colonization efforts.  He served as an interpreter for later immigrants and met his future wife who was a member of Dunn's party.  His wife, Elizabeth Kerr Freligh was the daughter of Captain John Henry Frelich of Memphis, Tennessee. They remained in Brazil for only a few years before returning to the United States. 


In 1887 he and his family relocated to Kansas City where he filled the position of treasurer of the Kansas City & Northwestern railway.  

See Shippey family page




 Sailed on "Margurite" out of Mobile in 1866.  Part of the Hastings group
First fatality in Santem
No further information yet, 
ashebel 2.jpg

Ashbel Green Simonton (January 20, 1833 – December 9, 1867) was a North-American Presbyterian minister and a missionary, the first missionary to settle a Protestant church in BrazilIgreja Presbiteriana do Brasil (Presbyterian Church of Brazil.

Simonton was born in West Hanover, southern Pennsylvania, and spent his childhood on the family's estate, named Antigua. His parents were the doctor and politician William Simonton (elected twice to Congress) and Mrs. Martha Davis Snodgrass (1791–1862), daughter of James Snodgrass, a Presbyterian minister, who was the pastor of the local church. Ashbel was named after Ashbel Green, president of New Jersey College. He was one among nine brothers and sisters. The boys (William, John, James, Thomas, and Ashbel) used to call themselves the "quinque fratres" (five brothers). One of his brothers, James Snodgrass Simonton, four years older than Ashbel, was also a missionary to Brazil, spending three years as a teacher in the city of Vassouras, in the state of Rio de Janeiro. One of his four sisters, Elizabeth Wiggins Simonton (1822–1879), also called Lille, married the Presbyterian minister and missionary Alexander Latimer Blackford, a colleague of Simonton in Brazil and the co-founder of the Igreja Presbiteriana do Brasil.

See Simonton family page, 


 No further information yet, 








Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


Cemiterio dos Ingleses Gamboa

Rio de Janeiro, Município de Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

PLOTSect-8,Grave# 129


Name:Phil Slaughter

Arrival Year:1868

Arrival Place:Brazil

Primary Immigrant:Slaughter, Phil

Source Publication Code:122.50

Annotation:Date and place of naturalization. Span of dates indicates interim between naturalization and return to the United States. Extracted from sources in Rio de Janeiro, including Annual Reports of the Brazilian Emperor D. Pedro II (Library of the Instituto Historico e Geografico Brasileiro); National Archives; General Archives of Rio de Janeiro City; Official Daily of Impire; and Almanach Laemert. Indexers assumed children and wife were also foreign born unless source indicated birth in Brazil.

Source Bibliography:ANTUNES DE OLIVEIRA, BETTY. Some North Americans Naturalized as Brazilians, 1866-1889. In The South Carolina Magazine of Ancestral Research (Columbia, SC), vol. 25:4 (Fall 1997), pp.183-190.

No further information yet, 


Alfred Iverson

 Immigrated from Texas, USA with the "New Texas" group.  Part of the ill-fated Derby sailing.  Eventually settled in Americana, Brazil.    Source:  Harter, Griggs

Albert. was the patriarch of a large family that immigrated to Brazil after the Civil War with the McMullan colony and was born near Macon, Georgia. His grandparents were Huguenots who escaped to the United States after the persecution of the religious sect began in their native France. The grandfather was  Robert Ferrer.  When he immigrated to America, he changed his name and went under the alias of John Smith.  The reason for the name change is not clear but it was not all that uncommon among early immigrants fleeing persecution.

Young Frank McMullen, Alfred Smith’s first student, was only a few years younger than the budding educator, and the two became fast friends as well as teacher and student. When Hugh McMullen decided in 1844 that it was time to move to Mississippi and a new frontier, the parting of Frank and Alfred was painful. They were determined not to let distance end their friendship, however, and they continued to correspond over the years. By 1853 the McMullan’s settled on new land in Hill County, Texas, but the bond between the families were as strong as ever, although they were hundreds of miles apart. The letters to Smith from the McMullen family in Texas were full of praise for the new frontier and the teacher was encouraged to come to the new state. When, in 1856, Hugh McMullen offered him a Homestead in Hill County, Smith could resist the temptation no longer,. He moved to the community of Spring Hill, Navarro County, with his wife, Sarah, five sons, and one daughter.

See Alfred I. Smith family page.


John Rockwell

SMITH J R 2.png
 Missionary and Preacher,
John Rockwell Smith, a worker in the Southern United States Presbyterian Church, was born in Lexington, Kentucky, on December 29, 1846. He studied at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville. After graduating in theology at Union Seminary (1868-1871) in Hampden-Sydney, Virginia, he was licensed by the West Lexington Presbytery in June 1871 and ordained on December 18, 1872. He worked as a graduate in Winchester, in his state, from October 1871 until April 1872. Since 1871, he was accepted, alongside the couple John and Agnes Boyle, as a volunteer for the new missionary work to be started in northern Brazil. The opening of this work was made possible by contributions from the New Orleans (Louisiana) and Mobile (Alabama) Presbyterian Churches.
On January 15, 1873, Smith arrived in Pernambuco, where he did a remarkable pioneer work as a missionary and educator. He started the services on August 10 of the same year, with an audience of ten adults and some children. As he still did not speak the language well, he had to read his sermon on Luke 4: 16-22. On the 30th, he recorded in a small pocket diary: “It's a fragile start”. At that time, the only other evangelical work in Recife was that of the congregationals, directed by Manoel José da Silva Viana, a deacon at the church of Rev. Robert R. Kalley in Rio de Janeiro and a canvasser of the British and Foreign Bible Society.
See John Rockwell Smith page.


T. D.

The Times-Argus, 20 Oct. 1869, Wed. Page 1
Mr. T. D. Smith, of Mississippi, came to Brazil in May, 1868.  He cleared his land and planted 7 acres of cotton very late; cultivated it entirely with a hoe and made about 15 bales.  Mr. S. commenced without any means at all, built his own house, made his furniture, did all of his own work, bought his farming and cooking utensils, supported his family and cleared over all expenses, within the year, $1,000 and expects to plant 12 acres in cotton and 8 in corn the coming year....

No further information yet



Settled in Santarem,  No further information yet, Source  LOP




Settled in Santarem, 
Sailed on "Margurite" out of Mobile in 1866.  Part of the Hastings group
No further information yet,
Source  LOP



Thomas Charles

Capt. Thomas Spencer went to Brazil with the Johnston brothers and settled in the Rio Doce colony.  He was the right-hand man for Dr. John W. Keyes and shared their home.  He eventually, along with the Keyes family, settled in Wewahitchka Florida.  He would be elected to the Florida State Legislature from Calhoun County.

Alabama Historical Quarterly  -  Summer 1930


See Spencer family page



 Settled in Santarem, Brazil.  No further information yet, 


 No further information yet, 




Return to Alabama – Dissatisfied Emigrants to Brazil

August 10, 1867

There arrived at the Central Hotel last night a party of ladies and gentlemen who left Brazil last month, thoroughly, totally, heartily disgusted with their new homes among the hybrid masses in the overrated, well-flattered country of Brazil.  The party is composed entirely of Alabamians, among whom are MESSRS. JOHN M. HARRIS, W. J. DeBERRY, G. E. JONES, THOMAS McCANTS, T. A. McELROY, JOHN STANFIELD, D. W. BRAZIELL, and eighteen other gentlemen and their wives and children. They give affecting and pitiful accounts of the sufferings of many hundreds of deluded Southerners who were lured away from their friends by the tempting offers of the Brazilian Government, and the tales of wild and impulsive American adventurers.


They represent that there is no regularly organized Government in Brazil–there is no society–but little cultivation among the inhabitants–no laudable ambition–no ways of making money–the people scarcely know the meaning of the word “kindness”– the American citizens live about in huts, uncared for–there is general dissatisfaction among the emigrants, and the whole Brazil representation is a humbug and a farce. The American Consul is in receipt of numerous and constant applications from helpless American citizens to assist them in getting back to their true, rightful country. CAPT. JACK PHELAN, who is so well known and admired in Montgomery, has, we learn, left with a large number of other young men, to make California their home.  The advice of the gentlemen with whom we conversed is to dissipate the idea that Alabama is not still a great country – to cause dreaming over the unhappy past–say nothing that will assist to keep up political troubles, stay at home, but work, work, work, and Alabama will yet be, what she ought to be, and can be, a great and glorious country.

The long-deferred abolition of slavery in Brazil is to be hastened. A recent law releases all slaves after two years, and they are to receive wages during this period.  Brazil is the last country laying claim to civilization that still maintains slavery.  It is not sixty years since slavery was abolished in the British colonies, and less than half that time since this country rid itself of the evil.


New York Times, Aug. 15, 1867

Reprinted in the The South Alabamian, Jackson, Alabama, October 1, 1887


Henry Farrar 

Henry Steagall.jpg
 Immigrated from Texas, USA, 

Henry Farrar Steagall was an American Civil War veteran, fought for the Confederacy. He enlisted in 1862 as a private in Capt. John R. Smith's Company of Gonzales County (Texas) Cavalry, which became Co. B of Waul's Texas Legion. At the time of his enlistment, he was described as age 41, born in North Carolina, married and a resident of Gonzales County, Texas. He was listed as present on the muster roll for June 13, 1862, at Camp Waul, Washington County, Texas. He was captured at the Fall of Vicksburg, Mississippi, on July 4, 1863. He was exchanged on September 12, 1863, and was transferred for duty in Texas. He was present for duty on May 16, 1865, at Galveston, Texas, as a private, although at least one muster roll lists him as a "Brevet 2nd Lieutenant". After the war, he migrated with his family to Brazil in 1867 and settled in Santa Barbara d'Oeste - SP.

The colony of Confederates gave rise to the city of Americana. He is buried along with other veterans at the "Cemitério dos Confederados" in Santa Barbara d'Oeste.

Henry Farrar Steagall, born 2 March 1821 in Franklin Co. NC; died 4 January 1888 at 5:AM in Santa Bárbara d'Oeste, SP, Brazil, and is buried, with his wife, in Cemitério do Campo, in Santa Bárbara d'Oeste. He was the son of Edward Steagall and Martha Williams Bobbitt. He married Delia Elisabeth Peck on 7 November 1848 in Lake Reelfoot, Union City, TN. Delia was born 4 February 1833 in Davidson Co. TN; died 19 October 1894 in São Paulo, SP. She was the daughter of John Peck and Temperance Amanda Crawford.

 See Steagall family page



 Immigrated from North Carolina, USA,  Possibly a cousin to William Farrar Staeagal as they were both from the same general area of North Carolina.  No information on immigration to Brazil or family at this time. 

In 1850 he was a resident of Franklin County, North Carolina. He enlisted in the C.S.A in Robeson County, North Carolina, and was appointed on September 6, 1861, as 2nd lieutenant of Company A of the 31st North Carolina Infantry. He was born about 1831 in North Carolina. 


Joseph Beal

Joseph Beal Stelle.jpg
Immigrated from Michigan, USA,  Ornithologistat and explorer - 1870. 

Joseph Beal Steere (1842-1940) was sent by the University of Michigan in a trip around the world, from 1870 (September) to 1875, to collect materials in all departments of natural and human sciences for the University’s Museum. He went from New York to Brazil (São Luís, Maranhão), proceeding up the Amazon, and spent about eighteen months on that river and some of its tributaries. Arrived at the head of navigation of the Amazon, at the mouth of the Río Santiago (Peru), he floated back two hundred miles on a raft, to reach the mouth of the Huallaga. He ascended this river to Yurimaguas, going thence across the Andes. He made part of the journey on foot and horseback; on the way, he spent some time in the old cities of Moyobamba, Chachapoyas, and Cajamarca. He struck the sea-coast at a town called Huanchaco, near the city of Trujillo; thence he went to Lima; and from there to Guayaquil; and thence, overland, to Quito, continually adding to his store of specimens.
While at Quito, he ascended the volcano Pichincha and went to the bottom of the crater. He returned from Quito to Lima and made an excursion along the coast of Peru, collecting old Peruvian pottery from graves, etc. From Lima he went to Cerro de Pasco mining regions, making collections of minerals. Returning to Lima, he crossed the Pacific in a ship bound for Macao, China.

See Steere page



J. W.

Captain,  Company B  Waul's Texas Legion

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Maj. George Strong

Maj George S. - CS Artillery, Staff Officer to Gnl S.G. French; back in Tex before 1930

A native of Wetumpka, Ala., George Strong Storrs was the son of Seth Paddock and Jane Ruth Bigelow Storrs.

He entered Confederate service as a member of Co. "C", 13th Alabama Regiment. His company, the "Alabama Borderers", was recruited in Coosa County, Ala. His brother, Lt. Henry Reynolds Storrs, may have been the first officer from Alabama to die in Confederate service. Lt. Storrs died in camp near Norfolk, Va., shortly after being shot by a sentinel from his own regiment.

After serving as Sgt.-Maj., 13th Alabama Regiment, Storrs was appointed 1st Lt. of the Confederate Guards Artillery from Mississippi. He was eventually promoted major and commanded an artillery battalion in the Army of Tennessee, 1864-65.

Batteries assigned to Storrs' Artillery Battalion included the Brookhaven MS Light Artillery, Capt. James A. Hoskins, 1st Missouri Battery, Capt. Henry Guibor, and Ward's AL Battery from Huntsville, Capt. John James Ward. The image below was taken from the position held by Major Storrs and his battalion on Little Kennesaw Mtn. GA. Cannon had to be hauled up the mountain on pathways cut through trees and heavy brush on the slopes. The incident was related by Major Storrs after he moved to Texas many years after the war, as cited below. Immediately after the war, Storrs moved to Brazil along with many other Confederates.

See Storrs fanily page


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 The Times-Argus, 29 Oct. 1869, Wed.  Page 1
Mr. Henry Strong, of Mississippi, came to Brazil in May 1867 and was located about five miles northwest of Santa Barbara.  He bought a fazenda of 600 acres for which he paid $1,300; no improvements. He has built a good dwelling house and outhouses, built fences, and made other improvements.  He has raised one crop of cotton, corn, and rice; 5 acres of cotton which yielded nearly a bale to the acre; 24 acres of corn; his rice yielding about 40 bushels to the acre.  He expects to plant 25 acres of cotton, 20 of corn, and some rice in the coming year....  

See Bankston family
No further information yet, 


Dr. Savie Franklin

Dr S F Stroope 3.jpg
Immigrated from Arkansas to Santarem, Brazil with his wife and new-born son who would die a year later.  They had a daughter named Alice Georgia who was born in Brazil. 
Savie's wife, Georgia Ann Ivey dit in 1875  and Savie would follow in 1877.  The daughter being still a child,  would move back to Texas and live with her uncle, John Clark.


S.F. Stroope

Side:  Confederate

Regiment State/Origin:  Arkansas

Regiment:  3rd Regiment, Arkansas Infantry

Company:  K

Rank In:  Private

Rank Out:  Private

No further information yet.

See Stoope family page


Col. M. S.

Immigrated from Louisiana, USA,  No further information yet
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