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Albert Jacobson "Bert" Byington

BIRTH 07 OCT 1850 • Naples, Ontario, New York, USA

DEATH 23 AUG 1913 • Kansas City, Jackson, Missouri, USA

Married:  About 1872

Elizabeth C Tyler

BIRTH 1849 • New York

DEATH 1914 • Naples, Ontario, New York, USA

Bert and Elizabeth would have two children


                   Harriett H, "Hattie" Byington

                   BIRTH 2 AUG 1873 • Naples, Ontario, New York, USA

                   DEATH 17 AUG 1963 • Naples, Ontario, New York, USA

                   No record of marriage if any


              Albert Jackson Byington Sr

                   BIRTH 22 JAN 1875 • Elmira, Chemung, New York, USA

                   DEATH 17 SEP 1952 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

                    See next section

Bert would marry secondly:

Catharine "Kate" Bowman

BIRTH MAY 1862 • Illinois, USA

DEATH 18 JAN 1927 • Kansas City, Jackson, Missouri, USA

Married: 1888

Bert and Kate would have one son:


                   William Bowman Byington

                   BIRTH 12 JAN 1897 • Kansas City, Jackson, Missouri, USA

                   DEATH 2 MAR 1970 • Los Angeles, Los Angeles, California, USA

                   Married: 22 Nov 1918 • Chicago, Cook, Illinois, USA

                   Apparently divorced after 1940  (Listed as married

                   per 1940 Census)

                   Eva Garnett Scheihing

                   BIRTH JAN 1899 • Springfield, Greene, Missouri, USA

                   DEATH Unknown

                   She was the daughter of Charles William Scheihing and Matilda "Dollie" Leitwein.

                   Eva married secondly: 

                   Mr. Marshall  (Marriage Index -Florida- States that her name was Eva Garnet Marshall to her                           marriage to Paul McIntosh.)  Also, Obituary for her mother,  state that she was survived by Mrs.                     Paul M. McIntosh - See Addendum at end of this page) 

                   Eva married thirdly: 18 Oct 1947 • Orange, Florida

                   Paul Montney McIntosh

                   BIRTH 17 NOV 1898 • New Castle, Lawrence, Pennsylvania, USA

                   DEATH 26 NOV 1978 • Orlando, Orange County, Florida, USA

                   Paul has previously married:  18 Aug 1923 • Washington County, Arkansas, USA

                   Grace Marjorie Brogdon

                   BIRTH 27 SEP 1894 • Springdale, Washington, Arkansas, USA

                   DEATH 24 MAY 1970 • Springdale, Washington, Arkansas, USA

                   Divorced:  1947 • Brevard County, Florida, USA

                   No children noted for any of these marriages

                   The Orlando Sentinel
                   Orlando, FL
                   26 Nov 1978

                   Mr. Paul M. McIntosh, 80, 2302 E. Winter Park Road, Orlando, died Friday. Born in                                             Pennsylvania, he moved to Orlando from Arkansas in 1930. He was a retired buyer for Ivey's                             and  a Christian Scientist. Garden Chapel Home for Funerals, Orlando.


William Boawman Byington.jpg

William Bowman Byington

Age 24

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Michael Poirier Collection/National Archives 


Albert Jackson Byington, 40, was born on 22 January 1875 in Elmira, New York, United States.  He immigrated to Brazil in 1895.  He was a successful electrical engineer and imported the first electric motor to Brazil.  On 4 July 1901, he married Pearl Ellis McIntyre.  Pearl was born on 3 December 1879 in Santa Barbara d'Oeste, São Paulo, Brazil. Byington's ticket for Lusitania's last voyage was 46092 and he was in cabin B-26. On the day of the disaster, 7 May 1915, Byington was waiting for the elevator with Frederick TootalLady Margaret Mackworth, and David Alfred Thomas when the torpedo hit. Here is what Tootal says about him and Byington in his 1915 testimony:

1160 (Q):  What did you then do? (A):  I was talking to a lady who was waiting for the lift when it happened, also to another gentleman [Byington] who was traveling with me, and we both took her by the arm and started going up the stairs, and we got on to the next deck, the "C" deck, on the port side.  We then went aft with her to the companionway leading up to the boat deck, where there was a big crowd, and they were taking women and children first, and we put her on to that.

Byington entered lifeboat #17, but the seamen lost control and the boat spilled.  Both men survived. Albert Byington's survival in the Lusitania disaster was detailed in The New York Times, Monday, 10 May 1915, page 2, where he is mistakenly listed as a British subject. The following is his account:

"It looks to me," he said, "as if the Lusitania officials imagined that she was too lucky to be torpedoed. Instead of running 15 or 18 knots an hour, she ought to have been pushed to the limit, like that, we all understood, was one means of safety upon which she depended. "Another point which I think out to be emphasized in that the Germans showed utter disregard for life by not giving time for the passengers to get off. "No ships of any kind were in sight for ten or fifteen miles. The Germans had it all their own way. They could easily have allowed the Lusitania's passengers ample time to get into lifeboats and row away before shooting their torpedo. There was no opportunity for anything to happen to the submarine if she were delayed. It shows that they didn't care a rap about the loss of life in their murderous work." Mr. Byington jumped into a lifeboat which was filled with so many passengers that the ropes broke. As the boat fell into the water it capsized, and nearly all in it were drowned. Mr. Byington, who had a life preserver, swam to another boat. This later capsized. Then he got into another boat and helped to row it ashore.

Byington died on September 17, 1952 in São Paulo. His wife , Pearl died on 6 November 1963 in New York.

1.  Albert Jackson Byington Sr

Albert Jackson Byington Sr

BIRTH 22 JAN 1875 • Elmira, Chemung, New York, USA

DEATH 17 SEP 1952 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

He was the son of  Albert J "Bert" Byington and Elizabeth C. Tyler

Pérola "Pearl" Ellis McIntyre

BIRTH 3 DEC 1879 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 6 NOV 1963 • New York, New York, USA

Married:  4 Jul 1901

A native of Elmira, in the state of New York, Albert Jackson Byington, was born on January 22, 1875. the son of Albert J. "Bert" Byington and Elizabeth C. Tyler.   In 1893, at age 18, he worked for six months at the Chicago International Fair. "After this," according to the testimony of Paulo Egydio Martins, "was hired to come to Argentina and settled in Buenos Aires with his friend Charles Williams. In 1895 he came from Buenos Aires to Rio de Janeiro, to work with the Canadian engineer James Mitchel, responsible for introducing the electric tram in the capital. Then he went to São Paulo to work at Light & Power. 

From the manual work in the process of electrification of the cities of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo "up the post and pulling wire", in the words of Martins, began the career in Brazil of the American immigrant (later naturalized) and life Albert and Pearl, or rather, Alberto and Pérola, a couple of Brazilian citizens, as would often be emphasized.

The young couple settled in Sorocaba and in 1901 Alberto Byington acquired the Sorocaba Electric Company, which had a small thermal plant (De Lorenzo, 1993: 55-6). From Sorocaba, he moved to Campinas, then the second most populous city in the state, where Alberto organized in 1904 the Cavalcante, Byington & Cia., That would give rise to the Company Campineira Luz e Força, probably associating itself with the local businessmen connected to the coffee. Gradually, the American continued in the strategy of buying and building small electric power plants in the region.

In that sense, in March 1913, Alberto Byington became the representative in Brazil of the newly created company The Southern Brazil Electric Company, Limited, linked to English capitals. During World War I, faced with the import restriction on coal, the main input of thermal generation, there was an even greater investment in Brazil in hydroelectric generation.

No wonder, Byington & Sundstrom, Alberto Byington was responsible for the complex construction of the Hercílio Luz bridge, which connected the island of Santa Catarina, where Florianópolis is located, to the mainland, inaugurated in 1926, after four years of construction. (..)

The expansion of Byington & Cia in the 1920s meant that the company had a branch in New York and in the main cities of Brazil: Rio, Sao Paulo, Santos, Porto Alegre, Curitiba, Salvador, and Recife. "



Pérola Ellis Byington

(December 3, 1879 — 6 November 1963) was a Brazilian philanthropist and social activist. She was an advocate for mother and children's health assistance in Brazil during the first half of 20th century.

Born Pearl Ellis McIntyre, she was the daughter of Mary Elisabeth Ellis, and Robert Dickson McIntyre, American Con- federado immigrants established in Santa Bárbara d'Oeste. She adopted the Portuguese form of her name (Pérola) and in 1894 when Pérola was fourteen years old, she completed the preparation for the Normal School but was prevented from entering because the minimum age requirement was sixteen years old. Then, she received private lessons, except Latin, which she took at a boys' school, where Pérola had to hide behind a folding screen so as not to attract the attention of the teacher and the boys.

In 1897, Pérola took the entrance exams for the annex course of the Law Academy of São Paulo. She didn't pass the geography test and neither was well received by the academicians, who did not see with good eyes the opening of the course for women. In 1899, at the age of 19, Pérola finished the normal course. In 1901 she married the industrialist Albert Jackson Byington, — also a Confederado — in Brazil, with whom she had two children.

During the First World War, Byington was in the United States, where she was responsible for a section of the Red Cross. Already back in Brazil, she continued participating in philanthropic activities. From the 1930s, Byington alongside the teacher Maria Antonieta de Castro led a campaign to combat child mortality, called "Cruzada Pró-Infância", (Crusade for Childhood) a task which she held for 33 years. She also dedicated herself to several other programs in defense of the disadvantaged, especially children, having been awarded several commendations of merit.

She died on 6 November 1963, in New York City, United States.

In her honor, a hospital dedicated to women's health in São Paulo is named after her.

Pérola, a municipality of the state of Paraná, was named after her; Alberto Byington Júnior, Pérola's son, was one of the partners of the Companhia Byington de Colonização Ltda., the company that bought land and settled in the region.

Byington is the great-grandmother of actress Bianca Byington and singer Olivia Byington. She is also the great-great-grandmother of the musician Gregório Duvivier.

The Avenida Paulista Series is about to be 2 years old, throughout this period we publish, weekly, the history of the mansions of the early twentieth century and the buildings that succeeded them. There have been 60 stories published so far.

There are still many other houses, but the information begins to scanty .... Therefore, we invite those who have information - researchers, descendants, curious - to participate in this unpublished survey on the avenue.

The Albert Jackson family home and that of his wife, Pearl Byington, which was number 127 on the old number. Through a scholar, Marcos Cesar da Silva, whom we thanked, we had access to a photo of the house. During this week we researched the family, but there was no time to write the text, so we will give voice to what we find published.

The origin of the family is told below, by means of the opening section of an article by Rafael de Luna Freire entitled "From electricity generation to electric amusements: Alberto Byington Jr.'s business trajectory before the production of films" published in 2013, in the Historical Studies Journal of Rio de Janeiro.

"Mary Elizabeth Ellis, a professor at the Piracicaba College in Piracicaba (SP), founded by Presbyterians in the southern United States, came from the Mississippi. Due to the War of Secession, she was brought to Brazil at the age of nine, going to live in the house of her grandfather, Henry Strong, already established as a farmer in Santa Bárbara d'Oeste area, one of the main centers of American immigration in the interior of São Paulo. In 1878, Mary married another immigrant, Robert Dickson MacIntyre, assuming her husband's surname. 

One of Mary and Robert's three daughters, Pearl Ellis MacIntyre (who later adopted the name of Pearl) was born on December 3, 1879, on the family farm. After living in several cities in the interior of São Paulo and Minas Gerais, she moved with her parents and her two sisters to the capital of São Paulo, where she studied at the Escola Normal Caetano de Campos. As a normalize, she was invited to work as a governess in the mansion of a wealthy family from São Paulo, but refused. By that time, she was already married to Albert, a young American immigrant. 

Pearl Byington was one of the founders of the Crusade for Childhood, an important institution with the goal of reducing child mortality. Her granddaughter, Maria Elisa Botelho Byington, worried about the preservation of her grandmother's story and the Crusade, wrote the book "The gesture that saves - Pearl Byington and the  Crusade  for  Childhood",  edited in 2005 by Griffin Historical Projects and Editorials.

At the launch of the book, Maria Elisa, gave an interview to Paula Protazio Lacerda, from Época Mag-azine, and some excerpts about her grandmother published here.

"Pearl married Alberto J. Byington and had two children. In 1912 the family took their children to study in the United States. The war broke out and they could not return to Brazil. With that, my grandmother started working at the American Red Cross raising funds.

The American Red Cross extended its services beyond the battlefields to care for the wounded. It insti-tuted campaigns for the prevention of accidents at home and in transit and pioneered rural visits to treat distant families in the city. Pearl may not have acted in all these areas, but acquired, say, by "osmosis" that work environment.

When he returned to Brazil, he worked in the Red Cross of São Paulo, with the founder, Maria Rennotte, his mother's companion in the Piracicabano College. Then, with all this experience, at the age of fifty, she inaugurated the Pro-Childhood Crusade together with Maria Antonieta de Castro, a health educator. Its purpose was to combat child mortality.

Pearl and her team had wonderful ideas. They held many campaigns, competitions, and public events, and suddenly the Crusade fell in the taste of the press. Several newspapers published all the campaigns of the Crusade. The last campaign, in 1963, shortly before the death of Pearl was on channel 9, TV Excelsior. It remained 27 hours in the air. I do not know how, but someone invented a toll and all the taxi drivers agreed to go through the toll that night. There were many actions in favor of the Crusade for Childhood.

Pearl received numerous awards and decorations. In São Paulo, Pérola Byington Hospital, in its honor, is dedicated to the care of women and a nucleus of professionalization for young people in situations of social vulnerability. In its hometown, Santa Bárbara d'Oeste, the avenue where the world's largest lathing industry is based, was named Avenida Pérola Byington.

Pérola, a municipality in the state of Paraná - formerly a district of the municipality of Xambrê - was named after him, on behalf of his son Alberto Byington Júnior, one of the partners of the Company Byington de Colonização Ltda. , acquired land and colonized the region.

About  the  house  of  Paulista  Avenue  we  know  little, (maybe in the

book we have some  information, which I bought, but not yet). What

we  have  determined  is  that   Pérola  used  her  house  for  meetings

and  events  of the  Crusade  for  Childhood, in  addition to  collecting

donations, as in this matter of 1930 on Children's Week, instituted in

Brazil by Pérola.

The  family  appears  at  this  address  in  telephone  directories from

1920,  but   before that,  in  1917  the  place  appears  on  behalf of  the

family of  Willian Speers, an Englishman from Newcastle, who came

young to  Brazil.   He worked for  53 years at the  São  Paulo  Railway

 Company,  where he became superintendent and  representative of

the company in Brazil. In 1910, the house was in the name of his son

J.P.  Speers.

Until 1935  we  find news  of the  actions  of  the  Crusade on  Paulista

Avenue,  then  in the late  1940s  beginning of the 50s,  we  found  the

address in the name of Mario Dias Castro, who lived in another Paulista house (The story can be read on this link ) and was the brother of Ernesto Dias Castro, owner of the House of Roses.

In the area of ​​Avenida Paulista, was built between 1973 and 75 the Pedro Biagi Building,  between 1973 and 75 the Pedro Biagi Building, in the current number 460 of Avenida Paulista, with a project by the architects Mauricio Kogan and Luis Andrade Mattos Dias.

The tower has 23 floors, with two modulated pillars of apparent concrete that emphasize its, the pillars end in  hollowed arches. At the ground level, there is an agency of Banco do Brasil and on the lawn a      work by Franz Weissmann (1911 - 2005), as indicated by a reader. Thank you!

The building was named after Pedro Biagi, who was an Italian immigrant, who became a well-known known farmer and owner of sugar mills in the   interior of São Paulo.

Pedro Biagi's  anthology:  "When I made my first brick,

I did not  think I would  have a  building  with my  name

on the main street of the main city of Brazil!", Referring

to the  Paulista Avenue building in  São Paulo.  So much

that it was walled in the building itself.

Albert and Pearl would have two children:


Albert Jackson "Bud" "Alberto" Byington Jr


Elizabeth Byington


Albert Jackson "Bud" "Alberto" Byington Jr

BIRTH 18 MAY 1902 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 1964 • Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Married:  28 Feb 1930 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Elisa Candida Arruda Botelho

BIRTH 23 NOV 1910 • São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 14 JUL 2003 • São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil 

She was the daughter of Carlos Amadeu de Arruda

Botelho and Brazilia Whitaker de Oliveira Lacerda


About Alberto Jackson Byington, Júnior


Alberto Jackson Byington Jr. (18 May 1902 – 17 Dec-

ember 1964)  was a Brazilian  hurdler. He competed

in the men's 110 metres hurdles at the 1924 Summer


This article  addresses  the trajectory of  Alberto By-

ington Júnior.
and  the company  created  by his  father  before the

beginning  of  his  career  as a film  producer  in  the

1930s. Byington & Cia's  activities in  electricity gen-

eration,  electrical  engineering  and import of  elec-

trical  equipment  preceded  the  company's   invest-

ment in the cultural  industry.  The  performance in

the phonographic and radio industry,  in particular, 

anticipated  the company's  actions in  Brazilian cin-

ema  after  the  advent of the  sound film.  From  the

manufacture  of  sound  projection  equipment,  By-

ington  &  Cia started  to  invest in  film  production,

revealing an articulated business strategy.

Albert Jr.

He  entered  in  1920  at  Harvard  University,  Cam

bridge, where he graduated in Iberian History and

Literature,  receiving  the  title of  Bachelor of  Arts

and of Science in 1924 (Oliveira, 1965: 119; Harvard

University, 1930).

During this period, the  Byington's firstborn  lived

with the "highest intellectual, economic and  finan

cial elite in the United States" (Martins, 2007: 112).

One of his colleagues from Harvard,  an American

from Kansas, said that Albert was no more Brazil-

ian than himself:

His parents were originally from Baltimore, but at a young age they had gone to São Paulo and lived there for the rest of their lives, thriving and sending their children back to North America to be educated. He had a crucial decision before him. A crossroads was ahead of him. What was he, anyway? Brazilian or American? He would have to decide, because if he were to live permanently in Brazil where his family's interests and roots were now, he would have to return to complete the three years of compulsory military service in the Brazilian army. He would have to make that choice soon (W. L. W., 1964: 4) 

Albert Jr. â € “or Alberto Junior â €“ made his decision and managed to graduate from Harvard in just three years. Back in Brazil, he enrolled at the Largo de São Francisco Law School, in São Paulo, where he received the diploma of lawyer (Martins, 2007: 112). His humanistic training was allied to his interest in the sport. In 1923 he competed for Clube Paulistano in the 110 meters hurdles track and field. In the following year, he would travel as an athlete, secretary, treasurer, and head of the Brazilian delegation for the Paris Olympics, disputing this same event in the event that marked the first participation of Brazilians in the Olympic athletics events. According to Paulo Egydio Martins (2007: 113), his future father-in-law was an idealist who "had a passion for Brazil and thought that we could be equal or better than the United States".

In 1930, at the age of 28, Alberto Jackson Byington Júnior, who already holds a prominent position in his father's powerful companies, married Elisa de Arruda Botelho, daughter of a wealthy farmer with a traditional surname. The social rise of the Byington family and its insertion in the São Paulo elite were duly enshrined. Ironically, almost 30 years earlier the then normalist Pérola, still un-married, had been invited to work as a housekeeper in the home of relatives of the girl who would now be her daughter-in-law. After three decades, Alberto Júnior's marriage united the Byingtons with a fourteenth-century family from São Paulo (Mott, 2001: 219).

Like his father, Byington Júnior was aware of the latest technological innovations in the United States and the possibility of their introduction in Brazil. In the late 1920s, therefore, he directed Byington & Cia's investments towards new media and the nascent Brazilian cultural industry, through businesses linked to the disco, radio, and cinema.

The record industry

In 1925 the Columbia Phonograph Company began using the new electric recording process licensed by Western Electric in the United States, launching the acclaimed album "Viva-tonal". Two years later, the first electric record took place in Brazil, with a disc recorded by Odeon with the singer Francisco Alves and the Jazz Pan American Orchestra of the Casino Copacabana. The electrical recording, replacing the mechanical, resulted in a huge technical improvement in the quality of recording and in the reduction of the production costs of the discs, feeding the expansion of the Brazilian music industry and the increase of competition in the market with the arrival of new foreign companies. It is important to note, however, that "electric" referred to the process of recording the discs, and not necessarily to the record players, which could still be mechanical, powered by string, for example, and not electricity.

In  1928,  the  powerful  multinationals  Odeon  and

Parlophon  (in fact, linked  together)  were the only

companies  that  recorded  and   manufactured  re-

cords in Brazil,  having already adopted  the  elect-

rical process. Until the beginning of that year, discs

and equipment imported from Columbia had been

sold by the traditional English Optics house, which

is  no  longer  the  exclusive  representative  of   the

brand,  whose  products started  to be sold  by  dif-

ferent  Brazilian  establishments (Phono-Arte, v. 1,

n. 14, February 28, 1929, pp. 3-4).

In  mid-1928,  anticipating the growth potential of

the phonographic market in the country, the Amer-

ican  Wallace Downey,  a Columbia employee,  was

sent to Brazil to install a Brazilian branch of the company in São Paulo, "if possible with local money", what was provided by Byington & Cia (Castro, 2005: 116-7). As a representative of several North American companies, the Brazilian company accepted the offer, which was narrated by the Phono-Arte magazine (ibid): "The recording of national records, of Brazilian music and with the contest of our artists, was the Columbia's main objective once its agreements with the Byington & Cia firm have ended ".

The newspaper O Paiz (24 Nov. 1929, p. 11) described this same agreement the following year:

In May last year, the great firm Byington & C., specialized in electricity articles for so many years, signed a contract for Columbia's general representation in Brazil. This house, whose prestige and solidity so flatter those who vibrate with our commercial progress, owes its privileged situation, mainly, to Mr. Albert's hardworking, lucid and progressive spirit. J. Byington, Brazilian citizen.

Due to a happy agreement between that firm and Columbia, Columbia definitely implemented its idea of ​​setting up a Brazilian factory. Therefore, it is up to Byinton & C. to also receive praise for this great step taken in favor of the national industry.

Columbia started to have an "important commercial house" as its representative in the country, which made it possible to build a recording studio close to the building where Byington & Cia was already located in São Paulo and a factory to record the discs at the capital of São Paulo and also in Rio de Janeiro. From 1929, although it continued to import foreign discs, Columbia also started to manufacture national discs from foreign matrices and, mainly, started to produce discs of matrices recorded in Brazil itself.

In this moment of strong investment, the main recording companies sent experienced professionals to Brazil to accompany the installation of their factories. Columbia, for example, had the American John Lilienthal as managing director and Wallace Downey as an artistic supervisor in the country. The Rio branch was run by partner Jones B. Orr and had George C. Stevens as the "technical director of the electricity session and head of advertising". But the role of musical director fell to a Brazilian, conductor Odmar Amaral Gurgel, whose inverted initials would give him the pseudonym "Gao".

According to journalist Aramis Millarch (1991: 4), Columbia's first recordings in Brazil would be made in an improvised studio on Rua José Bonifácio, in São Paulo, but soon Byington would provide ample facilities in Largo da Misericórdia. In May 1929, Columbia's first national albums were released, featuring songs performed by Jayme Redondo, Abigail Allessio Parecis, A. Pescuma, Paraguassú, Pile, Batista Júnior, Gustavo Leal, and Luly Málaga ("the tango queen"). Soon singers of national rhythms would be valued, such as Stefana de Macedo, promoted as "the expert interpreter of our folklore".



















Sound cinema

We must remember that it was precisely the advancement in electric disc recording technology promoted by Western Electric that, in association with Warner Bros. studios, allowed the development of the pioneer Vitaphone, a sound cinema system through disc sound technology.

In this sense, Donald Crafton (1997: 19) pointed out that talking pictures emerged in the United States from new configurations of existing electrical applications that had not been originally developed for cinema. The sound film was combined with advances in the sectors of transport (elevators and electric trams) and communications (radio and telephone), as well as in the field of "electric entertainment" (which included discs). These developments were immersed in the aura of new and more modern technologies of the time, remembering that, in the 1920s, "anything associated with electricity tended to generate admiration and respect" (ibid: 21).

Sound cinema arrived in Brazil in April 1929, at the inauguration of Cine Paramount, in São Paulo, equipped with combined projectors Vitaphone and Movietone - optical sound system (sound on film) also developed by Western Electric. The success of the novelty was resounding. In less than six months, the best movie theaters in Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo were already equipped with imported sound projectors, and "synchronized films" broke box office records (Freire, 2012a).

However, the conversion to sound cinema was not a simple matter for most Brazilian exhibitors. In addition to the need to adapt the acoustics of the rooms, it was necessary to regulate the supply of electricity to power the now indispensable rectifiers, photoelectric cells of sound readers, amplifiers and speakers. There was also the issue of buying new and expensive devices, since Western Electric tried to impose a monopoly on the sale of sound projectors in Brazil by defending the exclusive display of Hollywood talkies on their equipment (Freire, 2012c).

The other exhibitors tried different ways to accompany the novelty, including installing in their rooms the new, modern and expensive record players - which were, on the other hand, cheaper than the sound projectors - in order to offer the musical accompaniment of the films by electric discs as a palliative for the absence of the projection of real spoken, sung and musicized films.

The most attentive Brazilian producers noticed a gap in the market there. This was the case with Luiz de Barros, director of O otários se ended, the first Brazilian sound feature film, released in September 1929. More than just making a film, Luiz de Barros and his partners built a sound projector, the Sincrocinex, which basically consisted of a modern record player connected to speakers. With it, the director was able to project his film partially sung and spoken in Portuguese in cinemas that did not have sound projectors, reaching a popular audience perhaps less fond of the spoken and sung talkies in English than shown in the most luxurious rooms.

The success of Suckers are over was enormous and, as the film featured songs by Genésio Arruda and Paraguaçu, exclusive artists from Columbia, Byington & Cia even promoted the records of these singers taking advantage of their participation in the production of Luiz de Barros (Freire, 2013).

More than just making money on the suckers are over, Byington & Cia probably realized the commercial potential of spoken cinema for their businesses. However, its directors did not initially identify the production of sound films as a possible investment, aware of the fact that Brazilian cinema - marginalized in the domestic market dominated by foreign film - was seen as a risky business and even frowned upon by elites. As a company with experience in the manufacture of electrical equipment, Byington & Cia initially invested in the production of sound projectors for the national exhibition circuit.

Sincrocinex and Fonocinex

The Sincrocinex de Suckers are over was built in the workshop of Gustavo Zieglitz, importer of French equipment from Pathé, as a projection system created specifically to allow the showing of films made by Luiz de Barros and his partners. Although it was ironically announced that Sincro-cinex would be even better than American projectors in that it could show not only Hollywood films, but also national ones, it was, above all, a way for Brazilian producers to allow public access to your own films. This was due to the restrictions of the market (the commitment of the big theaters already converted to sound cinema to Hollywood production); for legal reasons (the defense by Western Electric of the exclusivity of showing Hollywood films on its equipment); and also due to techno-logical imperatives, since Sincrocinex used common discs from the recording industry, 78 rpm, and not the then inaccessible special discs, 33 1/3 rpm, from the Vitaphone system.

The intrinsic connection of this projection equipment with the films produced especially for him is made clear by the fact that Sincrocinex was not sold individually to exhibitors. In fact, the equipment was transported from cinema to cinema, following the circuit display of No more suckers. As in the days of traveling exhibitors from the beginning of cinema, the copy of the film and its respective projection equipment traveled from neighborhood to neighborhood and, later, from city to city. It was the producer's responsibility to take the film, as well as assemble the equipment for its exhibition.

However, under a broader view, Sincrocinex was nothing more than one of the many counterfeits of Vitaphone that emerged in Brazil after the arrival of sound cinema, alongside devices such as Fitafone, Vox Phone or Teatrophone, which were installed in movie theaters in different cities in the country. These "cavatones" or "tapeafones", as they would be pejoratively called through the refer-ence to "digging" and "tapping", made it possible for small exhibitors to offer mechanical musical accompaniment to silent feature films. They also allowed an irregular and inconsistent sync to Brazilian short films specially made for such exhibition, such as the musical short films produced by Paulo Benedetti or by the National Circuit of Exhibitors (CNE) throughout 1929. The singularity of Luiz de Barros was having daring to launch himself into the market with a feature film, which would have resulted in several difficulties and technical problems in the exhibitions of “No more suckers” reported by the press at the time and in the filmmaker's memoirs (cf. Barros , 1978).

But while these first national tapeafones were produced and launched, other North American brands of Vitaphone-Movietone projectors (such as those from RCA, Pacent and Melophone) arrived on the Brazilian market, offering exhibitors quality alternatives. However, even cheaper than Western Electric projectors, the prices of imported competitors remained above a hundred contos de réis due to the dollar values ​​of the equipment and the high import and transportation costs, in addition to the costly customs fees. Thus, the imported projectors remained financially inaccessible to small Brazilian exhibitors.

Therefore, there was a potential market for movie theaters that demanded sound projection equipment that would meet their needs and possibilities. It is natural that Byington & Cia, specialized in electrical and sound equipment, invested in this market, launching the sound projector called Fonocinex. It was not a "cavatone" like Sincrocinex (that is, an adaptation, an improvisation or a "way"), but a national equipment that would perform the same function as imported projectors.

In Rio de Janeiro, the pioneer company in the manufacture of national sound projectors was Cinephon, which started selling equipment in the Vitaphone and Movietone systems in the early 1930s. Fonocinex equipment also started to be produced in 1930, but its sales grew in the year Following. In April 1931, in a demonstration of Byington & Cia's equipment in Porto Alegre, it was announced that "50 devices are already installed in various parts of the country" (Correio do Povo, 3 abr. 1931, p. 12 ). In June of that year, an advertisement in a São Paulo newspaper highlighted that "Fonocinex completed 100 installations in Brazil in 5 months. More than any other national or foreign brand" (O Estado de S. Paulo, June 28, 1931, p. 18 ).

In addition to the fact that Fonocinex equipment is cheaper because it is not subject to customs duties, Byington & Cia, with its experience in the record and radio market, offered constant technical assistance in Portuguese to exhibitors, as well as devices considered to be in operation. simpler and easier for projectionists. An advertisement highlighted this advantage of Fonocinex: "It has no handling complications; it can be operated by anyone with a quiet cabin practice" (Correio da Manhã, 22 mar. 1931, p. 5).

In addition, unlike Western Electric, which initially sold to Brazilian exhibitors only "block" sound systems - not only reading and sound reproduction equipment, but also a new projector - national companies sold only the necessary mechanisms to convert silent projectors to display talkies. This decrease in investment was highlighted in the company's advertising: "Fonocinex is adaptable to any brand of projector - both American, German and French" (Correio da Manhã, 22 mar. 1931, p. 5). In another ad, this advantage was again highlighted: "It adapts to any type of modern projector without difficulty and without needing changes" (Correio da Manhã, 10 May. 1931, p. 2).

A complete Fonocinex set, for example, was advertised for only 27 contos de réis in 1931, much less than half that of most imported equipment, which generally exceeded one hundred contos. On the other hand, the emphasis on the quality of the equipment manufactured by Byington & Cia was recurrent, even in the face of criticism of several brands of national projectors - such "cavatones" - that would cause headaches in exhibitors due to their malfunction. . The well thought-out slogan of a Fonocinex ad conveyed this idea: "Install a device whose price is not so high as to damage your profits, or so low that your quality is impaired" (Correio da Manhã, 24 May. 1931, p . 5).

Fonocinex projectors were marketed especially for the exhibitor market in São Paulo and the South of the country, since in Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro there were other national competitors competing for customers, such as the brands Cinephon, Cinetom and Cinevox. The Northeast Region, on the other hand, was a market exploited by all these companies. Even so, given the large circuit of movie theaters located especially in the interior of São Paulo, Paraná and Rio Grande do Sul - in whose capitals Byington & Cia already had branches - Fonocinex took the lead in the Brazilian market , as attested by The 1935-1936 Motion Picture Almanac (1936, p. 1006). In the annual review of the Brazilian cinematographic market, the North American magazine pointed out that most of the cinemas in the suburbs and in the interior cities bought national projection equipment and that the main manufacturer was Byington & Cia, whose projectors were sold under the brand. Phonocinex.

Conclusion: from manufacturing equipment for film production

In 1931, the first year of expansion in Fonocinex sales, Alberto Byington Júnior financed the musical film Coisas nossa, supervised by the strongman of the company's phonographic division, Wallace Downey. In addition to publicizing artists hired by radio stations and contractually linked to Columbia, the film would also have been made to publicize Fonocinex projection equipment (Barro, 2001).

The recording of the dialogues of Stuff of ours - the first Brazilian feature film fully equipped with synchronous recording of image and sound - was in charge of technician Moacyr Fenelon, radio professional who had collaborated in the installation of the projection equipment of Acabaram the suckers themselves. After Sincrocinex's debut film, Fenelon worked as a sound technician for films such as O babão (Luiz de Barros, 1931) and O foot-ball champion (Genésio Arruda, 1931). However, at the time of Coisas nossa Fenelon was already "chief radio technician at Byington & Cia", being the "only Brazilian sound engineer at Columbia Phonograph Co." (Cine Magazine, v. 5, n. 49, May. 1937, p. 26).

Although Coisas ours is currently known as the first Brazilian film sounded in the Vitaphone system (a brand of a system patented by Western Electric), it was tailor-made to enhance the quality of the Fonocinex national sound system, whose models of sound projectors on disc were called Sono-disco, while the optical sound models were Sono-film. In other words, precisely the name that would be given to the cinema studios created by Byington in the future.

After the recent and successful investments by Byington & Cia in the phonographic industry (Colum-bia) and radio broadcasting (Rede Verde-Amarela, led by the Cruzeiro do Sul broadcaster), as well as in the market for the sale of equipment for the cinema exhibition circuit (Fonocinex ), Alberto Byington Júnior could take firm and safe steps in film production. Unlike the creative and impro-vised opportunism of Suckers No More, the film Coisas nossa represented an initiative fully inserted in an articulated investment strategy in the Brazilian cultural market, with the nascent urban popular music as its main raw material. Persisting in the strategy of diversification of activities that had already been followed by the company in the engineering sector - a strategy, moreover, currently shared by the main companies in the media sector -, Byington & Cia sought to increase its profit-ability through "gains scope ", diversifying its activities through" diagonal integration "(cf. Galvão, 2012).

Initially, the scope economy was used by Byington & Cia in the manufacture of different electrical products (record players, radiolas, sound projectors) that used common inputs and expertise, being, therefore, manufactured by Casa Byington at lower costs than if they were distinct and separate companies. However, later on, this same scope economy was used in the manufacture of cultural and artistic products (films, records, radio programs), which used, for example, the same artists and technicians in the production of works for different media.

Thus, acting in different production chains â € “diagonally integrated â €“, which benefited from each other (advertising, income, distribution networks, etc.), Byington had a unique business mentality in the Brazilian cinema field at the time. It would possibly achieve even greater prom-inence were it not for the political circumstances of the time. After all, Byington & Cia's initiatives would soon suffer a serious setback with the Constitutionalist Revolution of 1932, given the entrepreneur's decisive support for the São Paulo opponents of Getúlio Vargas. But that's another story.

Elisa Cândida Botelho Byington (born De Arruda Botelho)

Elisa was the daughter of Carlos Amadeu de Arruda Botelho and Brazilia Whitaker de Oliveira Lacerda.  Her father, Carlos was the son of  Antonio Carlos Amadeu de Arruda Botelho and Anna Carolina De Mello Oliveira.














alberto byington 3.jpg
Elisa Cândida Botelho Byington (born De

A typical Fon-Fon magazine ad! (v. 23, n. 25, June 22, 1929, p. 25) described the companies of Bying- ton & Cia as the "general distributors" of the Col-umbia discs, which, manufactured by the new Viva-tonal process, brought "all different tones of voice and instruments ". These would be "the only records that do not produce wheezing". In addi-tion to records, Byington & Cia obviously also marketed expensive and modern record players and radio sets.

The market continued to grow, and after the pio-neering initiatives of Odeon, Parlophon and Col-umbia, other companies such as Victor and Brun-swick also built factories and recording studios in Brazil in 1929, feeding the market and competi-tion between manufacturers. That year it was already noticed that the biggest hits came from Brazilian music records and, thus, the production of matrixes of national records tripled (Gonçalves, 2006: 34). We lived what cartoons in magazines called "gramophonemania", with the multiplica-tion of record stores on the main streets of cities like Rio and São Paulo, resulting in the optimism of companies, especially in the face of "much greater demand for national records". In this context, Columbia stood out to the point that, in a contest promoted by the newspaper O Paiz (10 November 1929, p. 10), it was elected the brand of the best devices and records in the country, with few votes more than Odeon, second placed.

Alberto Byington 1.jpg
alberto byington 2.jpg


About Antonio Carlos de Arruda Botelho, count of Pinhal

(Paternal - Grandfather of Elisa Candida Botelho)

He was a Brazilian politician and businessman.

Heir of lands in Sesmaria do Pinhal, he formed

several    farms  in   the  municipalities  of   São

Carlos  and  Jaú,  having  prospered as  a  great

coffee  producer,  whose  income  enabled  him

to invest in other branches of business. He had

an important political participation in the State

of São Paulo, mainly during the Second Empire

period  in  Brazil.  He married  twice,  having  a

total of thirteen children.  His family residence

was Fazenda Pinhal, located in the municipality

of São Carlos, where the Count of Pinhal died in















The family

Antonio Carlos de Arruda Botelho and Anna Carolina de Mello Oliveira, Count and Countess of Pinhal. Antonio Carlos was the grandson of Carlos Bartholomeu de Arruda Botelho, who obtained between the years 1785 and 1786 two Sesmarias in the well-known “Campos” or “Sertões de Araraquara”, one by means of donation from the Crown and the other through purchase. One of Carlos Bartholomeu's sons, Manoel Joaquim Pinto de Arruda, acquired another Sesmaria in the same “Campos”, in 1786, which together formed Sesmaria do Pinhal.

However, it was one of Carlos Bartholomeu's sons, Carlos José Botelho, also known as “Botelhão”, who required the demarcation of these lands in 1831. He was responsible for building the Casa de Morada on the lands he inherited from his father, in Sesmaria do Pinhal, thus forming the Fazenda Pinhal.

Carlos José married in 1824 with Cândida Maria do Rosário, having 9 children with her, in addition to a natural daughter. Among the couple's children is Antonio Carlos de Arruda Botelho, the future Count of Pinhal, who was born on August 23, 1827.

Antonio Carlos married on his first nuptials, on May 31, 1852, with Francisca Theodora Ferraz Coelho, born in Piracicaba, born in 1834, daughter of Frutuoso José Coelho and Antonia da Silva Ferraz. From the first marriage, Antonio Carlos had only one son: the future senator Carlos José de Arruda Botelho, born in Piracicaba.

With the death of “Botelhão” in 1854, the lands of Sesmaria do Pinhal were divided among his sons and Antonio Carlos was responsible for Fazenda Pinhal and the lands around him. Around this time, the latter, his wife and young son resided on that property.

However, on March 10, 1862, Francisca Theodora died at Fazenda Pinhal. Approximately one year after the death of his first companion, on April 23, 1863, Antonio Carlos remarried, now to Anna Carolina de Mello Oliveira, the future Countess of Pinhal, born in Rio Claro, born on November 5, 1841, and daughter of José Estanislau de Oliveira and Elisa de Mello Franco. José Estanislau was a great farmer and influential politician in the region of Rio Claro, having obtained in 1867 the title of First Baron of Araraquara and, in 1870, the title of Viscount of Rio Claro.

Antonio Carlos and Anna Carolina had 12 children. The first of them, José Estanislau de Arruda Botelho, married Ana Brandina de Queirós Aranha, from Campinas. She was the daughter of Manuel Carlos Aranha, Baron of Anhumas, and Brandina Augusta de Queirós Aranha, the Baroness consort of Anhumas, of the Pereira de Queirós family, of Jundiaí, niece of Antônio de Queirós Teles, Barão de Jundiaí, who inherited from his parents to Fazenda Pau d'Alho, in Campinas.

Antonio Carlos de Arruda Botelho, the Count of Pinhal, died at Fazenda Pinhal, after returning from a business trip he made in Rio de Janeiro, on March 11, 1901. After his death, the management of his business and assets began to hands of his wife, aided by children and grandchildren. Anna Carolina de Mello Oliveira, Countess of Pinhal, passed away on October 5, 1945, exactly one month before she was 104 years old.

One of his sons was:

Carlos Amadeu de Arruda Botelho

           (Father of Elisa Candida Botelho)

Birthdate: November 09, 1876

Birthplace:Fazenda São José, Rio Claro,

São Paulo, Brazil

Death:March 18, 1953 (76)
Jaú, São Paulo, Brazil

Immediate Family:

Son of Antonio Carlos de Arruda Botelho,

conde do Pinhal and Ana Carolina de Melo

e Oliveira, condessa do Pinhal

Husband of Brazília Whitaker de Oliveira


Father of Cândido de Arruda BotelhoElisa Cândida De Arruda BotelhoCarlos Amadeu de Arruda Botelho, FilhoPaulo Lacerda de Arruda Botelho; Private and 4 others

Brother of José Estanislau de Arruda BotelhoAntonio Carlos de Arruda Botelho, FilhoMartinho Carlos de Arruda BotelhoCândida Eliza da Pureza de Arruda BotelhoEliza de Arruda Botelho and 7 others

Half brother of Dr. Carlos Botelho

The reservation

       The Amadeu Botelho Ecological Reserve has an area of ​​143 hectares and is located 2 km from the city of Jaú, in the center of the State of São Paulo. The forest displays all its beauty with secular trees, waterfall, monkeys, squirrels, deer, lizards and a huge variety of birds, insects and plants.

Thanks to Mr. Carlos Amadeu de Arruda Botelho and his descendants, the reserve has been maintained since the beginning of the last century and today offers trails for environmental education, study of fauna and flora, research and ecotourism. It was transformed into a RPPN in the year 2000, which guarantees its perpetual preservation.

 The Reserve is a semi-deciduous seasonal forest (inland Atlantic forest) with great biodiversity. It has more than 169 species of trees studied, 24 known mammals and 174 species of registered birds, as well as insects, reptiles and other representatives of our rich fauna and flora.

To guarantee its preservation, it was transformed into a Private Reserve of Natural Heritage (RPPN) in 2000.

It is surrounded by three water courses: the Jaú river, the Santo Antonio stream and the João da Velha stream. Inside, two drinking water mines are born, one flowing into the Jaú River and the other into the João da Velha stream.

“Lei” woods are still found such as pink peroba, cabreuva, ipê, ivory stick, pink cedar, jequitibá, araruva, angico, guaritá among others.


About Antonio Carlos de Arruda Botelho, count of Pinhal

(Paternal - Grandfather of Elisa Candida Botelho)

Wilhelm (Guilherme) Whitaker

BIRTH ABT 1795 • Cork, Munster, Ireland

DEATH 22 SEP 1856 • São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil


Ângela Da Costa Aguiar

BIRTH ABT 1799 • Santos, Sao Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 27 MAY 1871 • Limeira, Sao Paulo, Brazil

WILLIAM (GUILHERME) WHITAKER, born in 1795, in Cork, Ireland. In 1808, he moved to Brazil. He married on April 11, 1817, in São Paulo, SP, with Maria do Carmo de Vasconcellos, daughter of Captain Salvador Nardy and Anna Maria da Silva. After the death of Maria do Carmo, William married for the second time, around 1823, with ÂNGELA DA COSTA AGUIAR, daughter of Portuguese CORONEL JOÃO XAVIER DA COSTA AGUIAR and Brazilian ANNA JOAQUINA DE BARROS. William died on September 22, 1856.

José Estanisláo DE OLIVEIRA

BIRTH 5 JAN 1803 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 4 SEP 1884 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil


Elisa Justina de Melo Franco

BIRTH ABT 1806 • Göttingen, Lower Saxony, Germany

DEATH 19 APR 1891 • Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brazil

José Estanislau de Oliveira ,first Baron of Araraquara and Viscount of Rio Claro ( São Paulo , 5 of March of 1803 - Rio Claro , 4 of September of 1884 ) was a farmer and military Brazil , coffee growers in the region of Piracicaba , in addition to participated as a colonel in the Paraguayan War . He was one of the founders of the Rio Claro – São Carlos do Pinhal Railway.

Son of Estanislau José de Oliveira and Maria Joaquina de Araújo. He married in 1810 with the German-Brazilian Elisa Justina de Melo Franco, with whom he had five children:

Justiniano de Melo Franco, was born in Lisbon in 1774. He graduated in medicine at the renowned Georgia Augusta University in Göttingen, Germany. Catholic, he married Lutheran Ana Carolina Overbeck, a native of Lippstadt, in the administrative region of Ansberg, northern Westphalia, baptized on March 1, 1780 in Kaldenkirchen, daughter of Carl Friedrich Overbeck and Wilhelmina Duerselen. She died at the age of 92 in Rio Claro on September 3, 1872. Clinic or in Hamm, also in Germany, where two of her children were born. He returned to Lisbon in 1813, working actively in the vaccine institution in Lisbon. In 1814 he was introduced to the Royal Academy of Sciences in Lisbon, under the influence of his father. Also through his father, he was given the habit of the Order of Christ. In 1819, he came to Brazil at the invitation of the Portuguese government to create the Antivariolic Institute, made official in 1820. An office of the prince regent, issued in 1821, conferred upon him, by appointment, the great title of "delegated commissioner judge of the kingdom's chief physicist, in Sao Paulo". He was director of the Military Hospital, and inspector general of Vaccination. He wrote two memoirs, one on Vaccination and the other on Professor Stein's Obstetrics Chair. He settled permanently in São Paulo, in a pleasant farm in Braz, where he started the Melo Franco family's São Paulo trunk, due to the children's marriage. He died on 7/26/1839, being buried in the deposit of the Third Order of Carmo.

Brasilia Urbana Whitaker de Oliveira


BIRTH 15 MAR 1845 • Santos, São Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 11 OCT 1876 • Rio Claro, Sao Paulo, Brazil


Justiniano de Mello Oliveira

BIRTH 24 MAY 1836 • Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 8 OCT 1897 • Araras, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Owner of "Fazenda São Joaquim", received from his father-in-law, the Baron of Araras (who was the founder of the city of Araras, SP, BR).

Leader of the Partido Republicano in Araras. Names a school in Araras, SP, BR.

Elisa Whitaker de Oliveira

BIRTH 5 DEC 1864 • Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 14 JUL 1885 • Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brazil


Cândido Franco de Lacerda

BIRTH 1864 • Araras, São Paulo, Brasil

DEATH 29 MARCH 1944 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Brazilia Whitaker de Oliveira Lacerda

BIRTH 24 MAY 1887 • Fazenda Paraíso, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

DEATH JULY 1966 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil


Carlos Amadeu de Arruda Botelho

BIRTH 9 NOVEMBER 1876 • Fazenda São José, Rio Claro, São Paulo, Brazil

DEATH MARCH 1953 • Jaú, São Paulo, Brazil

Casa do Pinhal, at Fazenda do

Botelho Family Seat - Casa do Pinhal, at Fazenda do Pinhal.

Antonio Carlos Amadeu de Arruda Botelho.
Carlos Amadeu de Arruda Botelho.jpg

Albert and Perola would have four children:


Alberto Jackson Byington III (Neto)


Carlos Amadeu Botelho Byington


Brasiliz "Lila" Botelho Byington


Mary Lucia Botelho Byington


Alberto Jackson Byington III (Neto)


Alberto Jackson Byington III (Neto)

BIRTH 3 JAN 1932 • São Paulo

Married Twice

1.  Maria Ligia de Mello

2.  Grace Dolores Dillon

Alberto and Grace would have two children


                Suzana Dillon Byington


               Maria Helena Dillon Byington

Immediate Family:

Son of Alberto Jackson Byington, Júnior and Elisa Cândida De Arruda Botelho
Brother of Private and Brasília Botelho Byington

Alberto Jackson Neto Byington

Genealogie Online Family Tree Index

  • BirthJan 9 1932 - Brasil

  • ParentsAlberto Jackson Júnior Byington, Elisa Candida de Arruda Botelho

  • Siblings  Psicol. Carlos Amadeu Botelho Byington, Brasília Botelho Byington

  • Wife Grace Dolores Dillon, Maria Ligia de Mello

  • Children Maria Helena Dillon de Byington, Suzana Dillon de Byington


Carlos Amadeu Botelho Byington

BIRTH 1933 •  São Paulo,  São Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 10 FEB 2019 • São Paulo, Sao Paulo,


Married three times 

1.  Elisa Lustosa


2.  Eva Lucia Salm

3.  Maria Helena Guerra

Carlos  Amadeu  Botelho Byington is a  psy-

chiatrist  and Jungian  analyst. Born in São

Paulo,  he grew up in  Rio de Janeiro where

he graduated in medicine. He specialized in

Psychiatry and Psychoanalysis and, in 1965,

graduated from the Jung Institute in Zurich.

He  returned  to Brazil  and,  with other col-

leagues,  founded the  Brazilian  Society for

Analytical  Psychology  which  graduated in

2005 with ninety analysts, and the Moitará Society for the study of symbols in the Brazilian Culture, which later became part of the SBPA. After being president, director of studies, control analysts, and seminar coordinator for many years at the SBPA, and after having held many courses and lectures teaching Analytical Psychology, Carlos Byington created Jungian Symbolic Psychology.

Carlos Byington, a psychiatrist and Jungian analyst member of the IAAP, had his training at the C.G.Jung Institute in Zurich, just before Jung's decease. In Zurich, he also had his analysis with Marie Louise von Franz.rd Wife.



On the morning of February 10, 2019, we received the sad news that our dear Dr. Byington had just passed away. Although touched by the undeniable emptiness that his absence causes in our hearts, we cannot fail to remember that he was one of those people whom we can call "Carriers of the Light". His brilliant intelligence combined with his deep sensitivity made the distance between Heaven and Earth shorter for all of us. Its light has always been radiating and promoting awareness.

Dr. Byington graduated in Medicine and did his training in Analytical Psychology in Zurich. Together with other colleagues, he was a co-founder of the Brazilian Society of Analytical Psychology and an active member in the training of other therapists. He developed his own method in the area of ​​Analytical Psychology, which he called Jungian Symbolic Psychology, and which is based on the many books and articles he published. Always very restless, he also used other media for the dissemination of Analytical Psychology, through the recording of his classes and lectures, which can be accessed through social networks.

We fondly remember your presence here at the Sedes Sapientiae Institute, where you taught many classes at the invitation of the Jung & Corpo course and organized your own Jungian Symbolic Psychology and Jungian Symbolic Pedagogy courses. And we cannot forget to mention his affectionate relationship with Maria Helena Guerra, his wife, who is also a professor at the Sedes Sapientiae Institute, and with whom we also sympathize in this painful moment of her loss.

To Dr. Byington, in this moment of his transition to eternity and the dimension of arche-types, our gratitude for everything he bequeathed us.

Paulo Toledo Machado Filho and director of the Sedes Sapientiae Institute

1st Wife:. Elisa Lustosa



               Olívia Maria Lustosa Byington 

               BIRTH  DEC 24 1058 •  Brasil

               Married 1st:

               Edgar Mendes De Moraes Duvivier

               BIRTH 27 MAR 1955 • Rio de Janeiro, Brasil

               Rio de Janeiro, Brasil






































































































            Olivia and Edgar had three children:


                                      Gregório Byington Duvivier

                                      BIRTH APR 11 1986 • Rio de Janeiro, Rio de   Janeiro, Brasil















                             John Duvivier


                             Barbara Duvivier


                Edgar would marry 2nd:

               Maria Clara Gueiros

               Edgar and Marie would have one child:


                             Theodora De Moraes Duvivier

              Olivia married 2nd:

           Mr. Daniel


            (Private) Lustosa Byington)


            Mr. Bernaducci


            (Private) Lustosa Byington

Alberto would marry secondly

Eva Lucia Salm

Alberto and Eva would have one child: 


            Bianca Byington

               BIRTH 23 OCT 1966 • Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil


























3es Wife Maria Helena Guerra

Maria Helena Mandacarú Guerra is a Jungian

psychotherapist  in  private  practice  in  São

Paulo, Brazil.

She is the author of  The  Love  Drama  of C.G.

Jung:  As  Revealed in  His  Life  & in  His Red

Book,  published  in  English  by  Inner  City

Books in 2014.

Guerra  graduated  from  Pontifical  Catholic

University  of  São  Paulo  {PUC-SP} in  1980

with a specialization in Jungian psychotherapy,

and in 1988 earned a master’s degree in clinical

psychology from the Institute of Psychology at

the University of São Paulo.

Since 1982 she has been a teacher of Analytical Psychology at the Sedes Sapientiae Institute where she is also the editor of Jung e Corpo, an annual publication of the specialization course Jung and Body. She has also lectured at every Latin-American Jungian Congress since 1998.

Along with her husband, psychiatrist, and Jungian analyst Carlos Byington, she partici-pated in the film review series, Café Filosófico, produced by TV Cultura. 

Gregorio Byington Duvivier (born 11 April 1986) is a Brazilian actor, comedian, and poet. He is known for his works in film and theater, being one of the members of the comedian troupe Porta dos Fundos.[2]Duvivier was born in Rio de Janeiro, the son of a musician and visual artist Edgar Duvivier and singer Olivia Byington, and his siblings are John, Theodora, and Barbara Duviier.

He is also the nephew of actress Bianca Byington. On his paternal side, he descends from the commander Theodore Duvivier, one of the promoters of the urbanization of the neighborhoods of Copacabana and Leme (Rio de Janeiro), in the late nineteenth century. On his maternal side, the philanthropist Pérola Bying-ton was his great-great-grandmother. Gregório Byington Duvi-vier 

At age 9, he studied acting at Tablado school. One year before entering college, Duvivier joined Marcelo AdnetFernando Caruso and Marcelo Queiroga in the comedy show Z.É.- Zenas Emprovisadas. He graduated in Literature at Pontifícia Univer-sidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro.

After being in a relationship for five years Duvivier and Clarice Falcão formally married in February 2014, however, by Novem-ber that same year, ended their marriage. He identified as an atheist.


Gregorio Duvivier.jpg
Gregório Byington Duvivier.jpg

Birthdate: March 27, 1955

Birthplace: Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, State of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Immediate Family:

Son of Edgar Duvivier and Ivna Mendes de Moraes Duvivier


About Olvia

      Olívia  started  her  career  as a  vocalist

with the rock band  Antena  Coletiva,  with 

Jacques  Morelembaum,  at the end of  the

1970s. She was immediately considered by

the critic Sérgio Cabral as the  "best singer

of her generation". Her first record, "Corra

Risco", was recorded in 1978 with "Barca

do Sol." The following year, Olívia reached

the top of the hit parade with the song "Lady Jane".

Her third album, recorded in Cuba on the invitation of Silvio Rodríguez, broadened her horizons internationally. Olívia arrived in Lisbon in 1994, after many albums, shows, music... There, she performed in memorable concerts at the Maria Matos Theater, captivating an audience as yet unfamiliar with her work with her impressive vocal range and singing. Her style is so popular that it impresses with its sophistication, so erudite that it swiftly touches every-body's hearts.

The public and critics responded with such surprise that the following year Olívia went to Belém to perform in the great hall at the city's cultural center. She returned to Portugal for Expo 98 in ÉvoraMonsaraz, and Aveiro. Recently she performed at Lisbon's Aula Magna, and at Porto's Coliseu with the great Egberto Gismonti. As a matter of fact, Olívia has always been in the company of great names, such as Tom JobimChico BuarqueEdu LoboDjavan,  agner Tiso,  Radamés Gnatali, and  João Carlos de Assis Brasil.   In her career,  Olívia

has released several albums: Anjo vadio (1980), Identidad (1981), Para Viver um Grande Amor (1983), Música (1984), Encontro (1984) (Chiquinha Gonzaga Award), Melodia Sentimental (1986), Olivia Byington and João Carlos Assis Brasil (1990) and A Dama do Encantado (1997), the former in tribute to Aracy de Almeida. In 2003, she released Canção do Amor Demais, in which she re-recorded an anthological album first recorded in 1958 by Elizeth Cardoso, featuring songs by Tom Jobim and Vinicius de Moraes.

In 2005, a meeting with the Portuguese poet Tiago Torres da Silva in Rio de Janeiro drove Olívia back to songwriting, which she missed greatly. Having played the guitar from the age of eight, Olívia easily picked up the lyrics of "Areias do Leblon," and brought to the song all the sensuality and music of the beaches of Rio de Janeiro. After this song, others followed, many with the lyrics written by the Portuguese writer, but also songs written by other poets, such as Geraldo CarneiroCacaso, and Marcelo Pires.

Songs such as these, so characteristic of her nature, have created the most confessional album of her career, a record in which Olívia not only assumes the role of a great singer, one that the critics and the public are following attentively in Brazil but as a great songwriter, able to create harmonically rich songs, with exceptionally original melodies.

The work being intimate, Byington surrounded herself with friends. She invited Leandro Braga to do part of the musical arrangement, and also the Portuguese Pedro Jóia, who played with her in "Clarão" and "Balada do Avesso", and many other great musicians like Marco PereiraJoão LyraZero, and Zé Canuto.

She also wanted to share the singing, so she shared the microphone with Seu Jorge in "Na Ponta dos Pés," and with the great singer Maria Bethânia in "Mãe Quelé," a homage to Clementina de Jesus, a deceased Afro-Brazilian singer. Olivia Byington the record has the same characteristics as "Olivia Byington" the singer. The extraordinary sophistication of both record and artist makes these songs originally popular and delightfully erudite.

About Edgar Duvivier

Edgar is a Brazilian saxophonist and sculptor.

Graduated  in  law,  Edgar  gave  up his  career

as a lawyer at age 23  and went with  his  saxo-

phone  to  study  music in  Boston.  Graduated

from  Berklee  College  of  Music,  he returned

to Brazil in  1983. Here,  he dedicated  himself

to making  tracks for  cinema,  television,  and

theater,  where he  dedicated himself to music

pieces  by  Mauro Rasi  ("Estrela do Lar")  and

Naum  Alves  de  Souza  ( "Scenes  of  Autumn"

with which Edgar won the Mambembe award).

In cinema, he musicalized films by Eduardo Coutinho, José Resnik, and Miguel Faria Jr., whose film Stelinha earned him, in 1990, the Kikito award for best soundtrack at the Gramado Festival.

In the '90s, he released three instrumental music albums: "O Som da Terra" (1992), "Sopro do Norte" (1996), and "Sax Brasileiro" (1998), with which he went through several rhythms, such as jazz, choro, and samba, showing himself to be a versatile instrumentalist.

As a sculptor, Edgar inherited the legacy of his father, the sculptor and namesake Edgar Duvivier. Like his father, he erected several Monuments, including Princess Isabel in Copacana and Oscar Niemeyer and JK in Niterói.

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Bianca Byington (born 23 October 1966) is a Brazilian actress.

At eleven years old, she began her career as

a member of  the choir,  the first  staging of

the  musical  The acrobats, Chico  Buarque.

At thirteen,  she filmed he feature film Tor-

menta,  Umberto Molo, and two years later

shared  the  Kikito  for  best-supporting act-

ress Carla Camurati and Ruthinéia de Mor-

aes, the Festival de Gramado.

Around  the same time,  won the title of the

Rio summer  muse and  starred  in the film

Garota Dourada, Antônio Calmon, who re-

turn to work a few years later, in such productions as Corpo Dourado and O Beijo do Vampiro, displayed by Rede Globo in 1998 and 2002, respectively.

In 1986 she made her television debut, at the hands of director Roberto Talma, the miniseries Anos Dourados by Gilberto Braga, displayed by Rede Globo, where she lived and the character Marina,[3] one of the best friends of the pro-tagonist Maria de Lourdes, lived by actress Malu Mader. Even on television, lived unforgettable characters such as the hilarious Téia of Perigosas Peruas (1992), and Gertrudes de Sá in A Padroeira (2001). In 2004, gave birth to the Maria da Encarnação Junqueira, an insecure woman in the soap opera Como Uma Onda, Walter Negrão.

Already in 2006, returning from Portugal, where she was invited to film dir-ector José Fonseca e Costa the film Viúva Rica Solteira Não Fica, Byington was invited by Carlos Lombardi, author of Perigosas Peruas, who has also had worked at Quatro por Quatro (1994), to make a cameo on the soap opera Bang Bang, where she played the widow, Jones.

In 2008, she participated in two episodes of the show Casos e Acasos, and that same year participated in the soap opera Três Irmãs by Antônio Calmon. In 2009, the series makes cameo Toma Lá, Dá Cá, Chico e Amigos and S.O.S. Emergência. In 2011, makes a cameo on the soap opera Insensato Coração.

In 2012, the episode was "A Fofoqueira de Porto Alegre" in series As Brasileiras.

In 2013, she was hired by Rede Record will be where the first novel of author Carlos Lombardi in the broadcast. Byington and Lombardi worked together in Perigosas Peruas (1992) and Quatro por Quatro (1994).]

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Brasiliz "Lila" Botelho Byington


BIRTH 21 MAY 1935 • Brazil

DEATH Unknown


Paulo Edygio Martins

BIRTH 2 MAY 1928 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Lila and Mr. Martins had seven children


           Paulo Edygio Byington Martins

              BIRTH 21 JUL 1954 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

              DEATH MAR 6 1956 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

              Died from automobile disaster on the Presidente Dutra Highway.


           Roberto Edygio Byington Martins

              BIRTH 9 FEB 1955 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

              DEATH MAY 2013


           (Private) Edygio Byington Martins


           (Private) Edygio Byington Martins


           (Private) Edygio Byington Martins


           (Private) Edygio Byington Martins


          Ana Lucia Edygio Byington Martins    


              (Private De Moraes)           

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Paulo  Egydio  Martins  is  a  businessman  and  political 

Brazilian  affiliated  with  the  Party of  Brazilian  Social

Democracy  (PSDB).  He was  governor  of  the  state  of

São  Paulo  between  1975  and  1979, during the  period

of the  Brazilian  military  dictatorship  affiliated  to the

Aliança Renovadora Nacional (ARENA).

He graduated from the National School of  Engineering 

at the  University of  Brazil (now UFRJ ),  in  Rio de Jan-

eiro in 1951. He was superintendent of the Engineering

Department  and later,  general manager of  Byington &

Cia. He began his public career at the federal level when

he was  Minister of  Industry and  Commerce  under the

government of President Humberto Castelo Branco. He

was a major shareholder of Banco Comind and is currently the CEO of Itaucorp SA.

Paulo Egydio was the twelfth governor of the state of São Paulo, indirectly elected during the government of Ernesto Geisel , by the then electoral college.

At the time affiliated to the National Renovating Alliance (ARENA), [ 1 ] faced the epidemics of meningococcal meningitis and encephalitis early on in his administration, the first in the metropolitan region of Greater São Paulo and the second in the South Coast, winning them successfully.

It was during the government of Paulo Egydio that journalist Vladimir Herzog, journ- alism director for TV Cultura, a television channel of the Padre Anchieta Foundation and linked to the state government, was assassinated by members of organizations of the Brazilian military dictatorship in 1975. His secretary of Culture, José Mindlin, left the government shortly after that episode. The violent repression of a PUC student demonstration in 1977, under the orders of Colonel Erasmo Dias, was also another authoritarian episode of his administration.

It was during his government, under pressure from society and Governor Paulo Egydio Martins, that then General President Geisel exonerated, for the first time in the history of the army, a General in command. It was as commander of the II Army that General Ednardo D'Ávila Melo received notoriety. On January 19, 1976, President Ernesto Geisel was exonerated from the command of the II Army, a post he held since 1974, after the deaths of journalist Vladimir Herzog and worker Manoel Fiel Filho on the premises of DOI-CODI , [ 1 ] [ 2 ] in São Paulo, a unit hitherto subordinated to the military command and the General.

During his government, Paulo Egydio inaugurated important road works, such as Rodovia dos Bandeirantes and the ascending lane of Rodovia dos Imigrantes . Paulo Egydio was also responsible for signing the agreement between the Ministry of Aero- nautics and the state government on May 4, 1976, which would later build the São Paulo-Guarulhos International Airport in the 1980s.

In the area of basic sanitation, Paulo Egydio carried out the largest basic sanitation plan in the country so far: through Sabesp , the water treatment capacity in the metro-politan region of São Paulo doubled, increasing the coverage of water treatment in regions where the service was not yet available and child mortality decreased. Paulo Egydio also encouraged Sabesp to increase the number of municipalities in the interior and coast served by the company in water and sewage services, guaranteeing higher quality standards for the population and ensuring better environmental care for these municipalities, many of them in need. A striking phrase was "My greatest work will be buried and the people will not remember".

In the area of ​​health, Paulo Egydio built, in the set of the Hospital das Clínicas of USP , the building of the outpatient clinics, the Heart Institute, and the Children's Institute of the Hospital das Clínicas of FMUSP , as well as 67 research laboratories. He built the University Hospital of the University of São Paulo and the Hospital das Clínicas of Ribeirão Preto.

In the area of education, the  State University of  São Paulo  (UNESP) was inaugurated.

His candidate, Mayor Olavo Setúbal , failed to succeed in the succession in the state government. He ended up transmitting the position to Paulo Maluf .

Having joined the National Renovating Alliance, the Popular Party, and the Brazilian Democratic Movement Party, it is currently affiliated with the PSDB . In 2007, he launched his autobiography, entitled Paulo Egydio Conta, and edited by Fundação Getúlio Vargas , based on testimonies given to the Documentation Center of the same institution.

Paulo Egydio built the São Carlos Bus Station that bears his name, the highway that connects Rodovia Dutra to Campos do Jordão, built the highway that leaves the Old Campos do Jordão / SJ dos Campos road to the south of Minas, passing through São Bento do Sapucaí, built the Claudio Santoro Auditorium, (The company responsible was CONSTRUBASE) in Campos do Jordão. These last two works were inaugurated by the successor, but he built it entirely.

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Mary Lucia Botelho Byington


Maria Lucia Botelho Byington

BIRTH 1939

DEATH 16 APR 2017













Elizabeth Ellis Byington

BIRTH 5 MAY 1904 • Campinas, Sao Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 1 MAR 1990 • La Conner, Skagit, Washington, USA

Married:5 Sep 1928 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Russell Charles Manning

BIRTH 29 OCT 1892 • Cleveland, Cuyahoga, Ohio, USA

DEATH 11 JUN 1954 • Cleveland, Cuyahoga, Ohio, USA

He was the son of William C. Manning and Mary E. Decker

Name: Manning, Russell C.
Date: Jun 14 1954
Source: Cleveland Press;  Cleveland Necrology File, Reel #133.
Notes:   Manning,  Russell  C. , beloved  husband  of  Elizabeth

(Byington),  father of  Richard B.,  Elizabeth Anne,  and  Mary

Katherine, brother of Mrs. Marian M. Noble, June 11. Friends

may call at the  Fairhill  Home of the Millard Son & Raper Co.,

Fairhill  at  East  Blvd.,  Monday  (All  Day).  Services  from  St.

Paul's  Episcopal  Church.  Fairmount and Coventry, Tuesday,

June 15, at 5 p. m. Burial at Naples, N. Y.,  Wednesday. In lieu

of flowers contributions to the Heart Fund will be appreciated.

Elizabeth and Russell would have three children:

1.2,1,  Richard Byington Manning

1.2.2. Elizabeth Anne Manning

1.2.3. Mary K. Manning


          Richard Byington Manning

              BIRTH 3 OCT 1929 • Rio De Janeiro, Brazil

              DEATH 26 MAR 2016 • La Conner, Skagit, Washington, USA

              Married:  14 Dec 1989 • Snohomish, Washington, USA

              Lona Marie Milne

              BIRTH ABT 1919 • Victoria, British Columbia, Canada

              DEATH 2015 • La Conner, Skagit, Washington, USA


          Elizabeth Ann Manning

              BIRTH 10 MAR 1932 • Rio De Janeiro, Brazil

              Married 1st:   14 Aug 1954 • Cleveland Heights, Cuyahoga,                        Ohio, USA

              Divorced: 24 Jan 1977 • Hamilton County, Ohio

              Thomas William Kiger

              BIRTH 26 JUN 1933 • Lancaster, Fairfield, Ohio, USA

              DEATH 31 DEC 2011 • Cincinnati, Clermont, Ohio, USA















              Elizabeth and Thomas would have three sons:
























Russell Charles Manning.jpeg
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Russell Charles Manning

Thomas William Kiger

Kiger Thomas W., died on December 31, 2011 in Cincinnati after a brief illness. Tom was born in Lancaster, Ohio on June 26, 1933 to Paul W. and Martha S. Kiger. He is survived by his wife Kay of Cincinnati, his sons Russell and Jon, his sisters Carol Allen and June Baughman and his brother Rev. Dan Kiger of Marion, Ohio, and his five grandchildren. In addition to his parents, he was preceded in death by a son Paul W. Kiger II. Tom worked for 28 years at Jewish Hos-pital and rose to the position of Director of Patient Accoun-ting.


A memorial service honoring Tom Kiger will be held at 11:00 AM on Saturday January 28 at the Geo. H. Rhode & Son Funeral Home in Mt. Lookout Square, Cincinnati, with the Rev. Dan Kiger officiating. The family will receive visitors from 10:00 AM until the time of the service. In lieu of flowers the family requests donations to: Phillips Exeter Academy, Attn. Thomas W. Kiger '51

Scholarship Fund, 20 Main Street, Exeter NH 03833 Published in The Cincinnati Enquirer from Jan. 18 to Jan. 25, 2012

Thomas would marry secondly:  20 Sep 1978 • Cincinnati, Ohio

Kay A Campbell

BIRTH 4 OCT 1929 • Hamilton, Hamilton, Butler, Ohio, USA


Paul William Kiger II

BIRTH 3 AUG 1960 • Cincinnati, Madison, Ohio,  USA

DEATH 3 NOV 1994 • Gainesville, Alachua, Florida, USA

Married::  24 Nov 1984 • Alachua, Florida, USA

Katherlne ' Ann Blenner

BIRTH 22 JAN 1960 • Cleveland, Cuyahoga,  Ohio, USA


Russell Thomas Kiger

BIRTH 29 MAY 1957

Married:  25 Jun 1983, Ohio, USA

Epistim "Eppy" Peperides

BIRTH 3 MAR 1952 • Detroit, Wayne, Michigan,  USA

DEATH 8 NOV 2008 • Vero Beach, Indian River,  Florida, USA

She was the daughter of Ernie Peperides and  Dillie  Holt


Epistimi "Eppy" Peperides Kiger, 56, of Vero Beach,  FL died Saturday, Novem-ber 8, 2008, at the VNA Hospice House in Vero Beach. Eppy was born March 3, 1952 in Detroit, MI, and moved to toVero Beach 13 years ago from Orlando, FL. She was a graduate of the University of Florida, Class of '78, receiving a degree in Graphic Art.

Mrs. Kiger had most recently been a Law Librarian at the St. Lucie County Courthouse.


She was a parishioner of Holy Cross Catholic Church in Vero Beach. Survivors include her husband of 25 years Russell T. Kiger of Vero    Beach; son Russell T. Kiger, Jr. of Vero Beach, currently attending the University of Miami;  daughter Gabrielle Kiger of Vero Beach, currently attending Seton Hall University; her mother Dillie Peperides of Byrdstown, TN; sister and brother in law Angela and Mark Grones of Nashville, TN; and mother and father in law Betsey and Bob Lurie of  Clearwater, FL. She was preceded in death by her father Ernie Pep-erides. A Mass will be celebrated at 10 AM, Tuesday, November 11, 2008, at Holy Cross  Catholic Church in Vero Beach.


Jonathan Manning Kiger

BIRTH 7 APR 1963 • Cincinnati,

Hamilton, Ohio,  USA

Married:  20 Jul 1991 • Dalton

County, Georgia, USA.

Alicia Elaine Kemp

BIRTH 27 APR 1961

Elizabeth would marry secondly

Married: 1978, Brazil

Robert T. "Bob" Lurie

BIRTH 4 FEB 1924 • Long Beach, Nassau, New York, USA

DEATH 16 FEB 2014 • Clearwater, Pinellas, Florida, USA

Elizabeth and Bob has no children


Robert Lurie

Robndert Lurie, 90 of Clearwater, FL died Sun, 2/16/14. Committal Service Mon., 3/3/14, 10:30 AM at Jacksonville National Cemetery, Jacksonville, FL. Moss Feaster Funeral Home & Cremation Services, Largo, FL.

Florida Times Union, Feb 23 2014

Robert (Bob) Lurie, of Clearwater, FL was born on February 4, 1924 in Long Beach, NY. He passed away in peace in his home on Sunday, February 16, 2014 at the age of 90. He was predeceased by his father, Irving Lurie, mother, Lillian Lurie Osafsky, and brother Stanley Lurie.

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Bob was indefatigable. A powerhouse and non-stop force of nature during his long life as a loving son, brother, husband, father, grandfather, successful businessman, and inspiration to all who knew him.


He lived life to the fullest and adhered closely to the tenets of his motto: "Push Back The Horizons." And push them back he did. He pushed them back as a soldier in World War II, serving in combat as the youngest Lieutenant in the United States Army where he earned a Bronze Star and a Purple Heart. His bravery also earned him the European-African-Middle Eastern Theater Medal, 2 Bronze Stars for the Rhineland and Central Europe Campaigns, The American Theater Medal, and The Victory Medal. He told of how, during a reconnaissance mission behind enemy lines, a German hand grenade landed at his feet. It did not explode because the Jewish prisoners working in the munitions factories tampered with and defused many grenades. It was there, in combat that he converted to Christianity and remained a faithful Episcopalian and great supporter of the church for the rest of his life.


After completing a chemical engineering degree at Georgia Tech, his first job was in the field of plastics in Fredericksburg, Virginia. As a budding entrepreneur and while living at the YMCA, he approached the dean of dormitories at Mary Washington College with an idea to install coin-operated washers and dryers in the dorms. His idea was accepted and he was introduced to other faculty members. Within a week he was offered a room in the home of an academic dean. This resulted in his eventual service as an adjunct professor at the school. While teaching at Mary Washington College, Bob met and married Elizabeth P. Franklin. Bob's expertise in the use of plastic explosives from his army training garnered him a scholarship at Princeton University. His professors admitted that he knew more about plastics than they did and awarded him a Masters's Degree in Science and Engineering in 1950.Bob loved his days at Princeton and remained a loyal member of the Princeton Club for life, sporting his Princeton tie clip often and featuring the Princeton Tiger on his corporate stationery.


From then on, he devoted his life to his family and to building business empires. Initially, he went to work at General Electric in Pittsfield, MA where his son was born. In 1957 he and Elizabeth and his three children moved from Petersburg, VA to Jacksonville where Bob founded Campbell Lurie Plastics, a company that developed and sold Beauty Glide shower doors. He came up with the idea of beating the Georgia peaches to market with a new strain of peach and founded the Florida Peach Corporation of America in Belleview, Florida. His friends Eddy and Helen Siegel remember picking peaches from those orchards! Betsey's children were also involved. Bob also knew the President of Paraguay and built his South American Empire on 44,000 acres of land on the Parana River. He and his crew lived in crude log cabins and he said that cruising down the river was less than peaceful because the insects in the jungle sounded like rockets going off.


It was in South America that he met Betsey Manning Kiger, the woman who would bring out the best in him. Her family lived in the area and her grandmother had given generously to fund the building of a new hospital in the region. Bob and Betsey married in 1978. He gained three sons and a wonderful lifemate. They lived in Europe, Ocala, and South America before settling in Clearwater.


In his spare time, Bob took courses at the community college and even landed an acting role at the Little Theatre of Jacksonville. He also became a proficient rose gardener, creating new and beautiful strains of roses through the art of grafting. He is still famous for growing roses with colors and fragrances that are unmatched even today.


Bob is survived by his loving wife Elizabeth, M. Lurie and his sister, Renee(Harvey) Roseman, one son R. Thornton (Alice) Lurie, two daughters Serena (Stephen) Bloomfield and Katharine (Rick) Jones, as well as two stepsons whom he thought of as his own children, Jon (Elaine) Kiger and Russell Kiger; thirteen grandchildren Ethan S. Bloomfield, Rachel M. Bloomfield, Sophie A. Bloomfield, Robert T. Lurie, Sarah E. Lurie, Franklin Peterson Lurie, Jeffrey S. Jones II, and Robert F. Jones R. Thomas (Amber) Kiger, Jr, Gabrielle M. Kiger, Jonathan M. Kiger, David P. Kiger, and Leigha K. Kiger and 3 great-grandchildren Ali, Tricia & Max Bloomfield. Bob was predeceased by a step-son, Paul Kiger, and a step-daughter-in-law, Eppy Kiger. Bob did not stop working until he could no longer talk, five days before he died. He was surrounded by his family at the time of his death.

Bob was previously married:

Elizabeth Pentz Franklin

BIRTH 11 JAN 1926 • Plainfield, Union, New Jersey, USA

Married: May 1949 • Plainfield, Union, New Jersey, USA

By Elizabeth Franklin he had Three Children:


Robert Thornton Lurie

BIRTH 18 JAN 1952 • Pittsfield, Berkshire, Massachusetts, USA


Serena Elizabeth Lurie

BIRTH 26 OCT 1953 • Petersburg, Fauquier, Virginia, USA


Stephen Bloomfield


Katharine Todd Lurie

BIRTH 31 OCT 1955 • Petersburg, Dinwiddie, Virginia, USA

Married 1st: 18 Jun 1983 • Duval, Florida, USA

William Atkinson Kates III

BIRTH 28 SEP 1945

Married 2nd: 

Rick Jones


Mary Katherine Manning

BIRTH 10 MAY 1936 • Cleveland, Cuyahoga, Ohio, USA

DEATH 30 SEP 2012 • Richmond Heights, Ohio, USA


Richard Benson Vanderhouf

BIRTH 18 MAR 1933 • Cleveland, Cuyahoga, Ohio, USA

DEATH 26 JAN 1997 • Cleveland, Cuyahoga, Ohio, USA

He was the son of Austin Leggett (Liggett) Vanderhoof and  Sarah Sumner Benson.

He was a salesman and boiler specialist and a member of the SAR.  He passed away from Cancer.

Mary and Richard would have two sons and a daughter

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Miscellaneous Information 
and Some Byington Ancestry
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Obituary  May 24 1955.jpg

Orlando Sentinal May 24, 1955

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Albert Jackson Byinton Jr




The Emporia Gazette Tuesday, April 7, 1964 page 2


My Roommate's Revolution


There are as many ways of starting a story as there are Writers. I might have opened this by writing, "By the time you are reading this I shall be hanging six miles above the South Atlantic." I could, but shall not because such an opening is so flashily corny. I prefer to open Flatly by saying that I am on my way to my roommate's revolution, and this takes us back to 1920, when I arrived in Cambridge, Massachusetts, to pursue my study at a seat of learning there, and was assigned as a roommate one Albert Jackson Byington Jr., who subscribed himself as being from São Paulo, Brazil. Why had he been put with a Kansan? Well, in that distant day, the current passion for integration had not yet reached Harvard. In fact, The only manifestation of togetherness was that of the boys from the smarter new England prepa-ratory school who made up the majority of that freshman class, and who wanted to be only with each other. After all, Harvard was their college (as the World knew, or if the World did not already know this the world would very quickly find it out), founded 400 years before by their remote forbears, built by their ancestors, and paid for by their fathers and grandfathers.


This did not mean that they did not want friends. It meant however that most of them were in the position of already having friends in college, some as many as six or seven, and so were in no need of putting themselves to the bother of making more.  And if any did want more friends, was it likely that friends from such out-of-the-way places at Kansas or Brazil would ever come in useful after college? You know the answer and we Harvard College authorities, who in consequence assigned Brazilian boys Kansas roommates, knew it even better.


Albert Jackson Byington, my fellow outcast, in anno Domini 1928 was tall, somewhat olive-skinned, with straight brown hair and milky blue-eyes set in a face the shape of a ripe olive. As we exchanged life histories it turned out that, even while he was from São Paulo, Brazil, he was no more Portuguese than I was. His parents originally had come from Baltimore but had early gone to São Paulo and lived there the rest of their lives, prospering, and sending their children back up North to be educated.  It presently turned out that a pivotal decision was facing him. A crossroads was ahead. What was he, anyway, Brazilian or American? He would have to decide for, if he was to live permanently in Brazil where the family roots and interests now lay, he would have to go back to complete his compulsory three-year service in the Bra-zilian Army.  He must make up his mind soon.


Here was a decision so enormous that it was beyond our grasp. The rest of us were Amer-icans, a fact which, for better or worse, already was forever settled. Any right of choice seemed to us as weird as it would have been had we been faced with the problems of having to make up our mind, in two or three more short years, which sex we preferred to be.


Bye's decision, however hard, was both sensible and inevitable. But it meant that he had to put his nose to the grindstone and graduate in only three years, which at Harvard takes a good mind and considerable character, and which leaves no time for the ordinary under-graduate aires, graces, and merriness.  After college -- what with I in Kansas, Europe or New York and he in São Paulo or Rio de Janeiro -- we can be said to have lost touch, except for brief intervals at class reunions in Cambridge, or classmate returning from South America to report that by was doing magnificently in Brazil, was practically Mr. São Paulo.  The story was that Bye's father, being of a mechanical bent, had built a few railroads down there and that subsequently by his son (my former roommate) by dint of thrift, industry and orderly habits such as rising early and working late, had considerably increased the family estate, yes being the stalwart conservative that we had known back in 1924, had endowed in nothing specu-lative, with the result that his investments were solidly and strictly confined to the four R's -- rubber, radio stations, ranches, and railroads.


So then the decades roll by, and last week comes a phone call from a Wall Street classmate, could I join some of them for lunch, because Bye was in town?  I could, and a good lunch it was, served in the friend's office some 20 stories above lower Broadway, but still more interesting was Bye's story. This (which I have in part already written) was that Brazil's president Goulart was leading South America's largest country straight into the communist camp.  That Goulart recently had nationalized oil, which in Brazil is pivotal, for he who controls it can stop every wheel in the nation.  That the point of no return was very soon, for Goulart was firing all the British, American, and Dutch oil technicians, replacing them with Russians who would arrive in Brazil to take over in early summer. But that a group had formed which blended both religious, military and business leaders who were determined not to let it happen, that they intended to move before Goulart, probably in a very few weeks while there was yet time. But Bye insisted that they wanted it to be a strictly constitutional revolution (at Harvard we greatly prefer them that way). Once Bye's friends had taken power from Goulart, they then planned, by orderly Constitutional approved processes to impeach him, and were sure that they would have in Brazil's Congress the votes to do it. And down in Brazil sane people wanted sane people in America to know just what was up and why:  Gou-lart was ruining the country. Inflation was moving at the rate of 18% increase in the level every month except that during the past two months the price increase had been 50%. But that his group in Brazil who were fixing to bring all this off wanted no dictatorship; they had no Man on Horseback; still less did they want rule by a junta of Colonels. The army in Brazil had always been aloof from and out of politics; parliamentary government was all his country's pride It all sounded very respectable; in fact, quite Harvard.  Bye said that in order to beat Goulart to the punch they were planning to move about the end of April if there was no slip-up.


But when we had thanked our host for that roast chicken lunch and had got down the elevator and into the lobby, the headlines on the newsstands indicated maybe there had been a bad slip-up; it seems that Goulart was three jumps ahead of my poor old roommate and his daintily constitutional friends. Already Goulart was organizing Brazil's Marine Corps into a communist union which he had recognized; already the communist trade unions in Rio were promising a general strike in support of Goulart which would paralyze the country; already Goulart was publicly appealing to the army's Sergeants, over the head of their officers, to rally his cause of land-reform.  Karl Marx's time-tested formulae seemed again to be clicking as smoothly as they clicked in Cuba; the Brazilian Commies seemed completely to have outsmarted my poor old roommate, Albert Jackson 'Butterfingers" Byington Junior. Alas, what would become of him,  after the commissars had shut down Brazil's churches; after Workers and Peasants Councils had moved in to take over his four R's?  No man is ever a hero to his valet, still less to his roommate; how could I ever have thought that Bye could overturn anything let alone a communist government?


Except that, only 24 hours later, this is precisely what he did do. And furthermore, his revo-lution turned out to be not a matter of generals conspiring with bankers, but a movement of the whole people of Brazil. For it was the workers, and not the country club set, who that day were dancing in the streets.


On paper, the communist had the working class (their phrase, not mine) of Brazil tied tight into communist-led unions, had ordered them out in a general strike which should have brought the country to a halt. Except that the rank-and-file of the unions, weary to the death of Goulart, laughed at their communist union leaders and stayed on the job, all of them joining in the big victory parade after Goulart had fled the city.


So now I must admit that at least I am impressed with my roommate. Because whoever, in our time has ever overturned a government with less bloodshed?  Here is a mighty country of 70 million people which changed it's government overnight and with a loss of only two lives. Today power is back in the hands of a legally elected Congress in Brazil, along with the problem of slowing down Goulart's 18% per month inflation, without causing a rise in unem-ployment.


So now, in order to find out just how they accomplished what they did, I have decided to attend my roommate's revolution. A jet ticket has been bought for the 9 1/2 hour nonstop flight to Rio. A room has been reserved at the Hotel Miramar, Copacabana, Rio de Janeiro. Best of all, my little aluminum Hermes typewriter, bought in London in 1939 for the purpose of covering my first shooting war, has been patched out of storage. With no need of oiling or even a new ribbon, today it types as smoothly as it did that day in London just 25 years ago, when I typed my first test line on it, just as I type today: now is the time for all good men to come to the aid of my roommate's revolution. --



Member:  Mary Katherine Manning Vanderhoof    Nat'l #: 542631     Ancestor #: A022754


Russell C Manning born on - - 1892 at Cleveland OH   

died at Cleveland OH on - - 1954 and his ( 2nd ) wife

Elizabeth Byington born on 5 - May - 1904 at Sao Paulo Brasil

died at _______________ on - - married on 5 - Sep - 1928  


The Said Elizabeth Byington was the child of

Albert Byington born on 22 - Nov - 1875 at Elmira NY  

died at Sao Paulo Brazil on - - 1952 and his ( 1st ) wife

Pearl E McIntyre born on - - 1879 at Sao Paulo Brazil

died at New York NY on - - 1963 married on - - 1901  


The Said Albert Byington was the child of

Albert Byington Srborn on 7 - Oct - 1849 at Naples NY   

died at KS on - - 1913 and his ( 1st ) wife

Elizabeth Tyler born on - - 1849 at Naples NY

died at CA on - - 1914 married on 27 - Oct - 1872  


The Said Albert Byington was the child of

Andrew Jackson Byington born on 19 - May - 1823

at Ithaca NY   

died at Naples NY on - - 1906 and his ( 1st ) wife

Caroline Parish born on 6 - Oct - 1824

at _______________

died at _______________ on 23 - Jun - 1882

married on 25 - May - 1848  

(See Andrew's Obiyuary Below)


The Said Caroline Parish was the child of

Jaremiah Parish born on - - 1785 at _______________  

died at Naples NY on - - 1848 and his ( 1st ) wife

Clarisa Clark born on - - 1790 at Naples NY

died at Naples NY on - - 1869 married on - - 1809  


The Said Clarisa Clark was the child of

William Clark Vborn on 27 - May - 1742 at Windsor MA   

died at Naples NY on 11 - Nov - 1825 and his ( 2nd ) wife

Mary Warner Mower born on - - at _______________

died at _______________ on - - married on - -   

** Additional, but unverified lineage is listed on the application. **




Ancestor #: A022754



Birth: 5-27-1742   

Death: 11-11-1825     NAPLES ONTARIO CO NEW YORK

Service Source: MA SOLS & SAILS, VOL 3, PP 583-584; NARA, M881, COMP MIL SERV RECS, ROLL #471; HIST OF BERKSHIRE CO MA, 1893, VOL 1, PP 305, 315; VOL 2, PP 653, 654


Ontario County Journal
Canandaigua, Ontario County, New York
February 23, 1906


Andrew Jackson Byington

Naples, N. Y. - The death of another old resident and for many years an active businessman, Andrew J. Byington, aged 83 years, occurred on Monday morning at the home which he had occupied for a half-century and more. Mr. Byington coming here in 1842, from Ithaca, was one of three men who established the Naples Foundry, famous for many years throughout the county for the excellence of its work. Mr. Byington was unexcelled as a pattern maker and as an expert mechanic. He devised many new models, among them the Naples plow, which had an extensive sale. Lyman Tobey and Otis Fessenden were associated with him, and their plant was for many years very successful. Later Mr. Byington became a druggist and grocery merchant and lumber dealer. For the last 20 years, he had in a measure retired but devoted himself to a considerable degree to fruit growing. He was a Democrat in politics but did not care to enter into public life. He married, in 1848, Miss Caroline Parrish, who lived 34 years thereafter. They had five children, four of whom are living, Mrs. J. H. Tozer, Fred P., and H. Clay Byington, of Naples, and Albert, now in the west. The daughter, Clara, died in 1900. Two brothers are also living, Albert, of Illinois, and William of Bridgeport, Conn. The funeral was on Wednesday afternoon, Rev. C. C. MacLean officiating.

 Member:  Margaret Wilkinson    Nat'l #: 331153     Ancestor #: A017990


George Saymour Miller born on 28 - Apr - 1856 at Cuylerville NY 

died at Oneida NY on 19 - Jan - 1935 and his ( 1st ) wife

Alice Byington Tobey born on 23 - Apr - 1862 at Naples NY

died at Oneida NY on 19 - Sep - 1935 married on 13 - Dec - 1884  


The Said Alice Byington Tobey was the child of

Lyman Tobey Jrborn on 14 - Jul - 1836 at Dundee NY 

died at Naples NY on 23 - Feb - 1924 and his ( 1st ) wife

Mary Watkins Peters born on 16 - Apr - 1841 at Middlesex NY

died at Naples NY on 22 - Apr - 1897 married on 16 - Oct - 1858  


The Said Lyman Tobey was the child of

Lyman Tobey born on - - 1812 at Dundee NY 

died at Naples NY on 18 - Jul - 1894 and his ( 1st ) wife

Almira Byington born on 8 - May - 1815 at Dundee NY

died at Naples NY on 9 - Mar - 1881 married on - - 1832  


The Said Almira Byington was the child of

Abram Byington born on 17 - Jul - 1789 at Wolcott CT

died at Dundee NY on - - 1860 and his ( 1st ) wife

Eunice Campbell born on - - 1794 at Dudley MA

died at Naples NY on - May - 1881 married on - - 1812  


The Said Abram Byington was the child of

Samuel Byington born on - - 1751 at Brantford CT

died at Southwick MA on - - 1828 and his ( 1st ) wife

Olive Warren born on 16 - Aug - 1752 at _______________

died at _______________ on - - married on 17 - Mar - 1775  

** Additional, but unverified lineage is listed on the application. **



BYINGTON, SAMUEL     Ancestor #: A017990

Service::  CONNECTICUT    Rank(s): PRIVATE



Pension Number::*W15625

Service Description: :  1) LT.DANIEL BYINGTON COL. GAY

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