INDEX OF NAMES

B

NAMES

BLUE

BOBBITT

BOERINGER

BOOKWALTER

BOWEN

BOWMAN

BOYD

BOYLE

BRADLEY

BRAXTON

BRAZIELLE

BRITT

BROADNAX

BROOME

BROWN

BROWNLOW

BRUCE

BRYAN

BRYANT

BUCHANAN

BUDD

BUFORD

BUHLOW

BULFATIN

BUNNELL

BURNS

BURRAN

BURTON

BYINGTON

BAGBY

BAIRD

BALCK

BANKSTON

BARNSLEY

BARR BAUJIN

BAXTER

BAYLISS

BEAL

BEAN

BEASLEY

BENTLEY

BERNEY

BLACKFORD

BLAIR

BLOXOM

B

BAGBY,      

Rev. William Buck 

William Bagby.jpg
William Buck Bagby, a pioneer Baptist missionary to Brazil, was the son of James and Mary Franklin (Willson) Bagby of Kentucky, who moved to Texas in 1852. He was born in Coryell County on November 5, 1855. The family moved to Waco when he was eight, and he attended the preparatory school for Waco University. He studied theology under Benajah H. Carroll and graduated in 1875. He farmed for a year and then taught school. In 1880 Bagby married Anne Luther, daughter of John Luther, president of Baylor University at Independence. Several factors influenced Bagby's decision to go to Brazil. Mrs. Bagby had already deter-mined to become a missionary. Bagby's friend and later coworker, Z. C. Taylor, encouraged him to consider Brazil.
 
He aided new churches in acquiring property, training ministers, and in erecting buildings. In 1901 the Bagbys moved to São Paulo. Anne organized and operated a school; Bagby continued to organize churches and to help Brazilians organize associations and conventions. He also engaged in preaching missions to Chile and other South American countries. His reports prompted Southern Baptists to send missionaries to other parts of South America. The Bagbys' fourth home in Brazil was Pôrto Alegre in the state of Rio Grande do Sul. They spent the last decade of their lives there. Bagby died on August 5, 1939, of bronchial pneumonia, and was buried there. The Bagbys had nine children; five of these lived to maturity, and all five became missionaries in South America.
See Bagby family page

BAIRD,   

James Robinson  

Rev. James Robinson Baird immigrated from South Carolina, USA, and resided in Americana, Sao Paulo, Brazil.  Buried at Campo Cemetery. 

 

James Robinson Baird. He was born on September. 8, 1815 in Ohio. He died between Aug. 25, 1880, and May 25, 1900. His wife was Eliza Caroline Price. Born on October 25, 1820, and died on May 28, 1900, about the same time as her husband.   They were married about 1851 in Grover, Cleveland County, North Carolina.   Both are buried in Jackson County, Braselton, Georgis,  USA at the Hoschton City Cemetery, Hoschton Jackson County Georgia. 
 James Robinson Baird was the first graduate of Davidson College in 1840. He became a preacher and a teacher. He led many churches. From 1868 to 1878 he served as a missionary in Brazil to ex-patriot Confederate soldiers and their families in Americana, after the Civil War.

Sources: Campo Cemetery Listing, Oliveira, Dawsey

See Baird Family page. 

BALCK,

Arthur

  No further information yet     

BANKSTON,

Francis Marion

Frances Bankston.jpg
Immigrated from Mississippi, USA, along with his Confederado in-laws, the Ellis family.  He had married Sarah Ellis just prior to leaving for Brazil.  The Bankston family settled in Americana.  His wife, Sarah was the daughter of Warren M. Ellis and Mary Matilda Strong.
He died in 1878 and is buried in Campo Cemetery.  He was only 34 years old, leaving his wife and five young children.  Sarah would marry a second time to Antonio Teodoro de Oliveira and would have one daughter.
 Sources:  Oliveira
 
See Bankston Family page.  

BARNSLEY

George Scarborogh

Lucien

George Scarborough Barnsley

       Barnsley, a native of Georgia, had come to Texas after the Civil War in search of a place to begin anew. Before his education at Oglethorpe University had been interrupted by the conflict, Barnsley had been a medical student. During the war, he rose from the rank of private of Company A, Rome Light Guard, Eighth Georgia Regiment, to the position of assistant surgeon. Barnsley, having incurred a number of debts, was looking for a way to recoup the fortune which his family had possessed before the war. His father, Gottfried Barnsley, was an English citizen whose sentiments during the conflict were with the South. He was a cotton merchant with offices in both Georgia and New Orleans. Woodlands, Barnsley plantation located in Cass County, Georgia, only a few miles from the old home of both the McMullan and Dyer families, was the remaining tangible evidence of the pre-war status of the family.

 

     George Barnsley had another reason for wishing to “hit it rich” in Texas. He hoped to marry Miss Ginny Norton of Norfolk, Virginia and felt that it was necessary to have some measure of affluence be-fore asking for her hand. In Texas, however, Barnsley failed to find the financial possibilities he sought. Then, he met Frank McMullan and learned the details of his colonization plans. This, he decided, was the solution to his problems. Joined by his brother, Lucian, George Barnsley became the official “Doctor” of McMullan's colony. In addition to free passage and board, Barnsley contracted with McMullan for $2.50 per day for his services. During a visit with Godfrey Barnsley in New Orleans, McMullan stated that the Barnsley sons, with industry and economy, would do well in Brazil.

See Barnsley family page

PORTRAITS:  GEORGE BARNSLEY ABOVE,  LUCIEN BARNSLEY - BELOW 

BARR,

William

William Barr, born in Alabama in 1825, married Nancy Daniel in 1862.  She was the daughter of James J. Daniel Sr. and Lydia Davis and was part of the Daniel. Barr, Harrison family group that sailed on the ill-fated "Margaret" out of Mobile, Alabama.  After sailing, they became infected with a smallpox outbreak and were put into quarantine at Fort Morgan, near Mobile.  The family group lost nany members due to the outbreak, including the senior Mr. Daniel and his wife as well as several of the Daniel children.  Mr. James J Daniel Sr. died en route to New York where the group had been re-directed and is buried there.  His wife, Lydia died on the way south from New York and is buried in the Florida Keys, most likely Key West. William Barr and his wife Nancy Daniel did make it to Brazil. but Nancy died shortly after her arrival.  The couple lost both of their two young girls on the trip.  William would marry secondly in Brazil (1867), the younger sister of Nancy, Lydia Eunia Daniel, and have five children. The Barr family had originally planned to settle in the Amazon region with the other Hastings party group but relocated to the Santa Barbara area where a more prosperous American colony had developed.  He died about 1878.  His widow, Lydia would marry secondly to the Rev. Junius Newman. 
 
 
The Monroe Journal (Monroeville, Alabama) 26 Feb. 1870, Sat  Page 3
 
The Mobile Register of the 23d has a letter from Brazil, which mentions a number of Americans in that vicinity, among them we are happy to notice the following names from Alabama:  Dr. J.H. Crisp, Mr. Waddell, Mr. James Daniels, of Monroe County; Mr. Wm. Barr, Col. W.H. Norris, Dr. G.G. Matthews, Col. R. Broadnax, Col. J.A. Cole, Mr. E.S. Trigg, Mr. Maston.

 The Times-Argus, 20 Oct. 1869, Wed.  Page 1

....
Mr. William Burr of Alabama came to Brazil in July 1866.  He bought one-fourth interest in Sitio, purchased by Messrs. Daniels & Hall, for which he paid $5,000, containing 300 0r 400 acres, almost entirely terra roclus.  Mr. Burr has made two crops of cotton and corn; 13 acres of cotton the present year, which were planted very late, and therefore made but 7 bales.  He raised sufficient corn for his own use.  Mr. Burr's plantation is finely located.

See Barr family pae

BAUJIN

  No further information yet     

BAXTER,

John

Immigrated from Texas,  USA,  Members of the New Texas group, sailed on the ill-fated Derby. Returned to the USA.   No further information   Sources:  Oliveira, Griggs    

BAYLISS,

Robert H.

 Immigrated from Mississippi, USA,   Source:  Oliveira

No further information yet,      

BEAL,

Joseph

 No further information yet   

BEAN,

Andews Cobb

 No further information yet   

BEASLEY, 

W. H. T.                

Part of the McMullen group from Central Texas, sailing on the ill-fated Derby.

 None of the sources ever mention Beasley's first name, but George Barnsley lists him as a widower with two children, a boy, and a girl."  SOURCE:  Griggs Thesis

No further information yet

BENTLEY

John

 No further information yet   

BERNEY,

Dr. James

Dr. James Berney was born in Charleston, South Carolina on Sep. 15, 1812.  As a young doctor, he relocated to Alabama.  Here he met and married Miss Jane Saffold, daughter of the Hon. Reuben Saffold, one of Alabama's Supreme Court judges. , He did make the move, along with many other Alabamians, to Brazil but only remained a very short time.  He returned to Alabama and died in New York City and was buried in Oakwood Cemetery. Montgomery, Alabama on Jul. 9, 1880.

See full biography on Berney family page

BLACKFORD,

Alexander Latimer

Blackford.jpg

Rev. AlexanderLatimer Blackford,  an American Presbyterian missionary in Brazil

 born on January 9, 1829, in Martins Ferry, Ohio, USA.

He graduated from the Western Theological  Seminary in 1859 and decided to work in  Brazil as an assistant of  Ashbel  Green  Simonton.   On  March 5, 1865, he organized the  Presbyterian Church in São Paulo and became its first pastor.

Blackford later organized the Presbyterian Church in Brotas in November 1865, the third  Presbyterian church in  Brazil.  With  3 organized congregations,   Simonton and  Chamberlain organized the  Presbytery of   São Paulo on December 16 of the same year.

From  1880   Latimer worked to develop  Presbyterianism in  Salvador, Bahia. In 1888 he became the first moderator of the Presbyterian Church of Brazil.

In 1890 on vacation in Atlanta, he became severely ill; he died on March 14.

SOURCE:

Trecho da História da Igreja Presbiteriana do Brasil no qual consta a participação de Alexander Latimer Blackford Archived A

He married in Brazi on March 21, 1661, Nannie Thornwell Gaston, the daughter of Confederado, James McFadden Gaston, colony leader.

See Blackford family page

BLAIR, 

Sarah Agnes

BIRTH 19 AUG 1819 • Edgefield County, South Carolina, USA

DEATH 29 JAN 1879 • Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Daughter of Christopher Columbus and Sarah Blair

Her first husband, Ainsley James Colvin died in 1841.  She married secondly to Pleasant M. Fenley in South Carolina in 1846.  The Fenley family would relocate to Florida prior to the war and afterwards, would make the move to Brazil, settling near Americana.

See Fenley family page

BLOXOM, 

Albert A.

J N Bloxom.jpg

 

Albert Arthur BLOXOM was first married to Amanda Minerva LEWIS. After she died, he married Martha Jane HALL HART HEMBREE on May 12, 1895 in DeSoto Parish, Louisiana. There were no known children of this second union.

Albert and his older brother (by two years) , Jasper, would, with their families, relocate to Brazil after the war.

Jasper and Mary would have 11 children with one, Thomas Ely Bloxon, being born in Brazil in 1868.  By 1872, The family returned to the USA and instead of going back to Alabama, settled near Corsicana, in Navarro County, Texas where his last three children were born.  After the death of Mary in 1898, Jasper married again to Caroline Shields on  February 23, 1900 in Navarro County.

"The Times Argus" (Selma, Alabama)20 - Oct 1869 - Page 1​

     "Msessrs, J. N. and A. Bloxom, from Mississippi, came to Brazil in March, 1867.  These gentlemen (brothers) bought 400 acres of land jointly, for which the paid $2,075.  They have two good dwelling houses, fine water power, 6 head of cattle and 26 hogs in the purchase.  They have raised two good crops of cotton, corn and rice.  Their lands are entirely Terra branca, but of the very best quality of that soil.  From 22 acres of cotton, the present season, they have made 18 bales.  They had about the same number of acres in corn.

 

Military:​

CSA Service Record:

Jasper N. Bloxom (First_Last)
Regiment Name 24 Batt. Miss. Cavalry.
Side Confederate
Company A
Soldier's Rank_In Private
Soldier's Rank_Out Private

 

The Times-Argus, 20Oct. 1869, Wed.  Page 1

....

Messrs. J.N. and A. Bloxon, from Mississippi, came to Brazil in March 1867.  These gentlemen, (Brothers) bought 400 acres of land jointly, for which they paid $2,075.  They have two good dwelling houses, fine water power, 6 head of cattle, and 26 hogs in the purchase.  They have raised two crops of cotton, corn, and rice.  Their lands are entirely terra branca, but of the very best quality of that soil.  From 22 acres of cotton, the present season, they have made 18 bales.  They had about the same number of acres in corn....
 

See Bloxom family page.

Name:  Albert Bloxom     (POW)

Rank:  Jr, Second Lieutenant

Imprisonment Date:  4 Jul 1863

Imprisonment Place:  Vicksburg, Mississippi

Side of War:  Confederate

Company: Co D

Regiment::  7th Miss Batt Infty

BLUE,

Family   



Dr. Joh Holmes Bue  Immigrating from Missouri, USA, John H. Blue was a scout and early settler in the Pranagua colony, the southernmost colony of the Confederados.  Dr. Blue and his son arrived at Rio de Janeiro on the British barque PETER C WARWICK (Capt Chichester) from Baltimore on 16 Apr 1865; they took the coastal steamer PEDRO II on 9 May to Santa Catarina.

Four years later, Dr. J H Blue returned to Rio de Janeiro on 2 Aug 1869 from Santa Catarina on the SÃO VICENTE, and sailed for Hampton Roads on 8 Sep on the very same PETER C WARWICK.

Henry Blue returned to the US later, with a wife. On 21 Jul 1872, he arrived at Rio de Janeiro from Santos on the steamer PAULISTA and departed for Baltimore on 27 Jul on the British barque CAMPANERO.

[information transcribed from Rio de Janeiro newspapers by Betty Antunes de Oliveira]

According to Judith McKnight Jones's "Soldado Descansa!", Dr. John Blue had a number of letters in the newspaper "Daily Missouri Republican" (presumably in 1865-66) extolling the virtues of life in Paranagua, Paraná. In addition to his work as a doctor, he had a farm in the colony on the Assunguy River.


From Eugene Harter, page 65,  we have:

 
(Excerpted)
“To their credit, Dr. Blue and Isaac Young learned to speak Portuguese within three years.  Others did equally well in beautiful Portuguese.  James K. Miller owned a barrel-making enterprise.  Dr. M. S. Fife, Isaac Young, and W. P Budd organized the Parana Manufac-turing Company, which was immediately successful.  The several hundred members of the Parana Colony were difficult to trace since most of the members lived far apart from each other.  Some returned to the United States, others blended with other ethnic groups in the area, most notably the Germans, and are almost lost from sight.



See Blue family page

Heney F. Steagall In-Laws , 
  

See Stagall family page 

BOERINGER

 No further information yet   

Leroy King Bookwalter was the son of Joseph Addison Bookwalter and Zelinda Melissa Ross and was born on February 27, 1852, in Chillicothe, Ross County, Ohio, USA.  It is unclear when or why he was removed to Brazil.  In November 1884, in Brazil,  he married Anna Lucina Miller, the daughter of James Williamson Miller and Sarah Boyd McGill of Chester County, South Carolina who were original Confederados arriving in Rio de Janeiro on Christmas Day, 1868, having sailed for a month on board the steamer "South America".  She was ten years old at the time of her arrival,  The Miller's established their home in the then "wilderness" near Santa Barbara d'Oeste along with a large number of Southern expatriates

Leroy was a planter and had established a profitable plantation.  He died on August 17, 190 in Santa Barabara, leaving Anna with seven young children to raise - two sons and five daughters.  Her oldest son, James Miller Bookwalter, had returned to the United States to go to college but returned after his father's death but was killed shortly afterward by a team of runaway mules.  She managed the farm and remarried with her second husband taking over affairs. The second husband's name is not mentioned and she is buried in Campo Cemetery with the Bookwalter name.   Eventually, the farm was taken over by her second son, Leroy King "King" Bookwalter.  The farm prospered primarily with rice, corn, and watermelons with King stating that the only thing they could not grow was potatoes. 

The following is from "The Confederados"  by Dawsey,  page 149

"In 1878, over a decade after the first Americans moved to the region, the chapel at Campo was constructed.

The dream that had finally been realized was an old one.  The first collection of money to support the construction had been taken in 1870, eight years earlier.  Built by the community and used by three Protestant denominations, the chapel belonged to everybody.  When Colonel Asa T. Oliver, originally from Georgia, died in 1873, James Miller bought the property and the land continued in the hands of the Miller's descendants, Leroy, Anna, and Mary Bookwalter until 1954.  Though the Campo chapel and cemetery remained on privately owned land during this period, the family kept it available for all to use.  The one-hectare compound that included the cemetery and chapel was deeded to the Fraternity of American Descendancy in 1954, and since then families of deceased descendants have continued to seek burial for their loved ones." 

BOWEN, 

William Rankin

W R Bowen.jpg

William Rankin Bowen lived in Milam County, TX in 1860.

     Colonel William Bowen, along with Major Frank McMullan and Major S. S. Totten arrived in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil on December 9, 1865. They traveled from New York aboard the Ann & Lizzie. ​

Once in Brazil, William would marry a second time as his previous wife, Almira, divorced him back in Texas.

     Bowen, his children, and his new Brazilian wife, 23-year-old Anna Martins, were living on the Ariado [river] in Brazil circa August 1867. The census of McMullan-Bowen Colony (taken by Bowen, dated November 9, 1867) lists Anna Bowen, aged 23 living with William and family. The ages of the children of William Bowen and his first wife are documented in this census. Their birth years are calculated from the ages listed in the census. Source: Griggs, The Elusive Eden, pages 101, 151.​

About Bowen's marriage to Ana Martins:​

     "The New Orleans Daily Picayune, November 2, 1867, carried a news brief about Bowen's marriage: 'Southerners going to Brazil will have a good crop of children,' the newspaper editorialized. 'Col. Bowen is about to lead to the alter a blooming rosebud of Brazil. He has joined the Roman Catholic Church.' "

Source: as quoted in Griggs, The Elusive Eden, p. 181.​

     Guilherme Bowen joined the Roman Catholic Church. He was christened September 17, 1867 at Nossa Senhora De Assuncao, Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo State, Brazil.

The children and grandchildren of William Bowen and Ana Martins are documented in a genealogy chart in Soldado Descansa! by Judith MacKnight Jones, p. 235. 

BOWMAN

No further information yet   

BOYD,

Family 

 Boyd, whose first name has not been found, was married and had one child, a girl. 

SOURCE:  Griggs Thesis

No further information yet.

BOYLES,

Willam

No further information yet   

BRADLEY,

William

No information on William Bradley.  
 
Source: Campo Cemetery records:
BRADLEY Virginia 18-01-1882 16-01-1932 a Fenley; sp. of William Bradley
She was probably (Not proven) the daughter of  P. P. Fenley and  Mary Virginia Carlton

BRAXTON. 

Albert Caster            

BRAXTON,

Major Alexander 

Unsure if there is any relation to Alexander Braxton.  No further information yet

 

 

 

BRAXTON,

Maj. Alexander

John "Dad" McMains, a Scotsman who had lived and worked in the California gold fields in 1849, also elected to leave the McMullen group at Rio de Janeiro. Always a loner, McMains wasted neither words nor money. On board ship from New York, George Barnsley, Major Alexander Braxton, and others often solicited McMains' advise, which he usually gave in terse, yet genial phrases. McMains and Braxton went to the Rio Docey, where they formed a partnership for the purpose of exporting fine furniture woods to Rio. The venture proved successful but ended when Braxton failed to return from a trip to the capital where he had sold a quantity of hardwood for a sum of 10 contos. Braxton had boarded a coastal steamer to return to the Rio Doce, but he never arrived. Most people assume that he was robbed and murdered. Later McMains traveled alone to Buenos Aires, Argentina, then Paraguay, before trekking across the wilds of Matto Groso province to Rio de Janeiro. The trip through the wilderness with no roads took six months. Disappointed at not finding a bonanza mining claim, McMains eventually returned to Texas.

SOURCE:  The Elusive Eden  Page 88

No further information yet.

BRAZIELL, D. W.

Return to Alabama – Dissatisfied Emigrants to Brazil

August 10, 1867

There arrived at the Central Hotel last night a party of ladies and gentlemen who left Brazil last month, thoroughly, totally, heartily disgusted with their new homes among the hybrid masses in the overrated, well-flattered country of Brazil.  The party is composed entirely of Alabamians, among whom are MESSRS. JOHM M. HARRIS, W. J. DeBERRY, G. E. JONES, THOMAS McCANTS, T. A. McELROY, JOHN STANFIELD, D. W. BRAZIELL, and eighteen other gentlemen and their wives and children. They give affecting and pitiful accounts of the sufferings of many hundreds of deluded Southerners who were lured away from their friends by the tempting offers of the Brazilian Government, and the tales of wild and impulsive American adventurers.

 

They represent that there is no regularly organized Government in Brazil–there is no society–but little cultivation among the inhabitants–no laudable ambition–no ways of making money–the people scarcely know the meaning of the word “kindness”– the American citizens live about in huts, uncared for–there is general dissatisfaction among the emigrants, and the whole Brazil representation is a humbug and a farce. The American Consul is in receipt of numerous and constant applications from helpless American citizens to assist them in getting back to their true, rightful country. CAPT. JACK PHELAN, who is so well known and admired in Montgomery, has, we learn, left with a large number of other young men, to make California their home.  The advice of the gentlemen with whom we conversed is to dissipate the idea that Alabama is not still a great country – to cause dreaming over the unhappy past–say nothing that will assist to keep up political troubles, stay at home, but work, work, work, and Alabama will yet be, what she ought to be, and can be, a great and glorious country.

The long-deferred abolition of slavery in Brazil is to be hastened. A recent law releases all slaves after two years, and they are to receive wages during this period.  Brazil is the last country laying claim to civilization that still maintains slavery.  It is not sixty years since slavery was abolished in the British colonies, and less than half that time since this country rid itself of the evil.

SOURCE

New York Times, Aug. 15, 1867

Reprinted in the The South Alabamian, Jackson, Alabama, October 1, 1887

BRITT,

Edwin Gehazi          

 

Edwin Gehazi Britt
 

BIRTH 26 MAR 1830 • Greene, Guilford, North Carolina, USA

DEATH  Brazil

Son of John Britt and Penelope Edwards
Immigrated from North Carolina, USA.
No descendants 

 

SOURCE:  The Lost Colony of the Confederacy, Eugene Harter, Page 95 (Excerpted)
 

…There were Confederados who treated their slaves with more compassion than others.  One of these was Edwin Britt.  The story is told about the unfortunate young slave, Manuel.  Manuel had enlisted in the Brazilian army on the promise that, if he fought against Paraguay, he would be given his freedom on discharge.  But when the time came, the promise was not kept.  Instead, he was jailed by a shady official, who then offered him for sale.
 

The slave, who had become ill, was in despair.  Along came Confederado migrant, Edwin Britt who bought him and helped him to regain his health before he joined the workforce of the Britt Fazenda.  It is not recorded whether Manuel remained in the status of slave while working fir the Confederado, perhaps the grateful slave never brought the issue up.  He took Britt for his surname, however, and on the heirless Edwin Britt’s deathbed, he willed the entire plantation to Manuel….
 

Buried at Campo Cemetery
 

Edwin Gehazi Britt  (Find A Grave)

BIRTH          unknown

DEATH         unknown

BURIAL        Cemitério dos Americanos

Santa Bárbara d'Oeste, Município de Santa Bárbara d'Oeste, São Paulo, Brazil

MEMORIAL ID        101273483 · View Source

 
No further information yet.

BROADNAX,  

Family

Robert Broadnax.jpg

Robert Broadnax was an early settler of Autauga County, Alabama. He was born March 15, 1792, in Hancock County, Georgia, the son of John Brodnax and Martha Rivers. He married May 19, 1814, in Putman County, Georgia Olive Taylor Whitaker (1795- 1844). She was the daughter of Thomas and Mary Whitaker and granddaughter of John Whitaker and Olive Taylor. He married second Hannah Evans Kirven on Dec. 29, 1844. She was the daughter of Rev. William Kirven and Margaret Evans.

 

Robert was in the War of 1812 and Indian Wars of 1836. He and was very popular. He had a practical mind and frequently served Autauga County in the lower house from 1825 to 1832. In 1834, he defeated Hon. William R. Pickett for a seat in the senate. He had seven children by his first wife and three by his second.

Robert joined in this move and immigrated to Brazil in 1867. The name Col. Broadnax is listed as a representative from Alabama in 1870 Santa Barbara. Robert and Anna Brodnax apparently traveled back to the US alone leaving Rio de Janeiro for Mobile on 14 Oct 1874.

The Times-Argus, 20 Oct. 1869, Wed. Page 1

....

Col. R. Broadnax, of Alabama, came t Brazil in February 1867, bought 125 acres of land at $5 an acre.  The Colonel has raised two crops of cotton, corn, and tobacco.  His lands have made one bale of cotton to the acre.  Tobacco yields 1,000 pounds to the acre, to the cultivation of which he has thus far given most of his attention.  He cultivates the Cuba or Spanish tobacco, has manufactured 30, 000 cigars, and has tobacco enough on hand to make 100,000 more.  He finds some difficulty in selling them, as the quality is far superior to any manufactured from Brazilian tobacco,  He expects to plant 15 acres in cotton and 5 in corn the coming seasons  The Colonel is 70 years old and is still hale, hearty and active man.  His land is principally terra rocha, is well watered and finely located.... 

See Broadnax family page

BROOME,

James Andrew

J A Broome 1.jpeg


Col. James A. Broome, formerly of the fourteenth Alabama Infantry managed the Csa de Satide (Emigrant Hotel) in Rio De Janeiro, which was a beautiful and grandiose mansion located on a hill adjacent to a beautiful church.  The hotel was the meeting place and residence of newly arriving immigrants, provided by the government of Dom Pedro II.  Col. Broome wasted no time in showing new immigrants to their new apartments.

 

From Find A Grave:

 

Veteran: Civil War (CSA)

Birth: 10th of  ten reported children in La Grange, Troup County, Georgia.

Census: 1840 District 656, Troup County, Georgia with parents, seven siblings & six slaves, home at what now is Broome & Main streets.

Census: 1850, age 21 La Grange, Troup County, Georgia with parents & seven siblings in the household of a Richard W Allen (possibly brother-in-law).

"Col. Broome was educated at Virginia Military Institute. Raised a company near Milltown, Alabama. He was elected Capt. of Company D of the 14th Alabama infantry under command of Col. Thomas J. Judge. He was mustered at Auburn, Alabama in July of 1861 and in the Fall was ordered to Virginia where he served in the army of North Virginia. Capt. Broome was a gallant participant and rose to the rank of Major and then to Lt. Col., His battles include; 2nd Manassas, Sharpsburg, Fredericks-burg, and Gettysburg. He was wounded seriously at Wilderness in 1864 when a Minnie ball crushed his left knee and his leg was amputated. He returned home to Macon, GA then moved to LaGrange, GA. Broome was married twice. First, to Mary G. Robinson, they had one child; second to Mary Ida Cary, they had four children. Broome was a Methodist." SOURCE: from a query board.

Like so many other Southerners, he removed south to Brazil following Civil War and was found as proprietor of the "Government House" which was the reception center for new arrivals in Brazil. Upon return to La Grange, Georgia, James became a farmer.

Census: 1910. listed but a few names below brother John Rufus Broome, La Grange, Troup County, Georgia with a second wife and a child.

Death: in La Grange, Troup County, Georgia.


Father: Rufus Broome b: 1783 Nash County, North Carolina.
Mother: Nancy Willams Pitts b: 1798 Nash County, North Carolina. (married 04/04/1820 in Georgia

 

Military:
 

Name:       James A Broome

Enlistment Age: 21

Birth Date:        27 Nov 1839

Birth Place:       LaGrange, Georgia

Enlistment Date:        15 Jul 1861

Enlistment Place:      Milltown, Alabama

Enlistment Rank:       Captain

Muster Date:     15 Jul 1861

Muster Place:    Georgia

Muster Company:      D

Muster Regiment:      14th Infantry

Muster Regiment Type:      Infantry

Muster Information:  Commission

Rank Change Rank:   Lt Col

Transfer From Unit:   D

Transfer To Unit:       S

Casualty Date:  6 May 1864

Casualty Place: Wilderness, Virginia

Type of Casualty:       Wounded

Casualty Information:        Wounded in left knee, amputated

Side of War:      Confederacy

Survived War?: Yes

Residence Place:       LaGrange, Georgia

Last Known Residence Place:     LaGrange, Georgia

Death Date:       7 May 1917

Death Place:      LaGrange, Georgia

Notes:       1865-05-15 Paroled, (Macon, GA), Estimated day

Additional Notes:       Parents: Rufus & Nancy W. (Pitts) Broome. Married: (1) Mary G. Robinson; (2) Mary Ida Cary

Additional Notes 2:    Rank Change 2 Rank: Major;

Title: Index to Compiled Confederate Military Service Records; Field Officers, Regiments & Battalions of CS Army; Confederate Veteran Magazine

BROWN

Scout,   Source:  Harter  

No further information yet.     

BROWN

Settled in Santarem Colony,  

No further information yet.

 Source:  LOP

BROWN,

William R.

William R. Brown

BIRTH 11 AUG 1825 • , Mississippi, (or North Carolina, USA                                 DEATH 3 MAR 1879 • Brazil, South America

His father, William Brown owned a plantation located on what is currently known as the Tom Collins Road out from Utica, MS. According to James Earl (Sam) Price, a descendant, William was a Baptist preacher.  Sometime after 1820, but before 1830 the family moved from North Carolina to Mississippi.

 

Unmarried, died at age 53

 

Buried at Campo Cemetery, 
 
Find A Grave                                                                                                                                             
BIRTH          11 Aug 1825
DEATH         3 Mar 1879 (aged 53)
BURIAL        Cemitério dos Americanos
Santa Bárbara d'Oeste, Município de Santa Bárbara d'Oeste, São Paulo, Brazil
MEMORIAL ID        101273485 · View Source
 
No further information yet.

BROWNLOW,

John

John W Brownlow

BIRTH 1841 • Tennessee

DEATH Santa Barbara d'Oeste, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Son of James J. Brownlow and Edna J. Williams
Married:  before 1867 • probably Kemper County, Mississippi, USA

Lisanna Vaughan

BIRTH 1847 • Kemper County, Mississippi, USA

DEATH 29 DEC 1902 • Santa Barbara d'Oeste, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Daughter of James "Jim" Vaughan and Mary Ann Carnop

Credit for discovering the information in this article about Lisanna belongs to Lynn Till and Lillie Mae Vaughn both of whom worked many years to uncover small bits and pieces of the story as it is known today. 

 

The discovery of each bit of information is cause for celebration. Confederados. Lisanna Vaughan Brownlow 6th child of James & Mary Vaughan was born in 1847. She married John W. Brownlow in 1867 in her home state of Mississippi. John was born in 1841 in Tennessee, and it is assumed they both died in Santa Bárbara d'Oeste, Brazil, but the dates of their deaths are unknown. 

 

I was surprised to hear the story of Lisanna from my mother, Lillie Mae Vaughn, sometime in the early 1950s. The surprise came from the fact that mother had told us many family stories as children, but Lisanna’s was a very big story that we had not been told. Recently mother and dad, Jack Vaughn had been talking a lot about James and Mary Vaughan and that likely caused Lisanna’s story to come to mind. 

 

Lisanna’s legendary story was sketchy with missing detail. After the Civil War Lisanna and her husband had decided to leave the United States and move permanently to Brazil. Her husband had been a Confederate soldier and was devastated because the South had lost the war. He felt he could not live in the United States. Many former Confederate families moved to Brazil. She and her husband bought passage on a ship bound for Brazil, but they encountered very stormy weather that blew them off course and the trip took much longer than planned. The weather was so bad that Lisanna had a miscarriage and lost a child. When they arrived in Brazil, Lisanna sent a letter home that told the story of the disastrous trip. The original letter was lost many years ago, and some of the mysteries the letter would clarify have to be rediscovered in bits and pieces. 

 

It took many years to find out more detail including the discovery that Lisanna’s husband was John W. Brownlow. The only information on their marriage is that John and Lisanna were married in early January of 1867, and boarded the sailing ship Talisman in New Orleans on January 10, 1867 bound for Rio. The trip will be described in more detail later. The trip to Rio was as bad as Lisanna’s letter stated. 

 

At the conclusion of the Civil War, life was very difficult in the South. Southerners felt bad about losing the war, many of their homes had been burned, much property destroyed, livestock killed, and it was difficult for families to even have enough food. The “carpetbaggers and scalawags” took over many local governments and imposed laws that were not well received. Many southerners believed they had lost too much, living conditions were too poor, and they had to leave the U.S. 

 

Some foreign countries saw an opportunity to profit from these conditions. Brazil in particular offered to help pay the cost of moving to Brazil, the land was made available at a very good price, and tax incentives were given. One could buy hundreds and even thousands of acres of land at a discounted price. It is estimated that 10,000 to 20,000 southerners immigrated to Brazil. Robert E. Lee and Jefferson Davis spoke strongly against leaving the U.S. urging southerners to stay. Lee and Davis were still held in high esteem. If Lee and Davis had not spoken against leaving, thousands more would have left and they likely would have gone to Brazil. Our Vaughan ancestors may have been influenced by 2 the stance of Lee and Davis as they made a decision to move west to Texas (but most of them later moved back to Mississippi). 

 

Col. William H. Norris, a former Alabama senator was the leader of the southerners that John and Lisanna joined for the trip to Brazil. According to Wikipedia, on 27 December 1865, (William H.) Norris and his son Robert C. Norris arrived in Rio de Janeiro aboard the ship South America. Norris helped establish a Confederate American presence in Americana and Santa Bárbara d'Oeste where slavery was still legal and began cotton planting. On 10 January 1867, the rest of the Norris family (Francis Johnson Norris and other family members and Lisanna & John Brownlow left New Orleans aboard the Talisman bound for Rio. After a bad storm, with damage to the ship, they wound up in the Cape Verde Islands and did not reach Rio until April 19, 1867. The Talisman was so long overdue that the Confederates in Rio had almost given up and were thinking the ship had been lost.

 

 On August 31, 1975, The Register printed in Danville, Virginia, printed the following information about the Talisman voyage.

 

 “When the voyage of the Talisman began, the ladies aboard were ordered by the ship’s captain to remove the hoops from their skirts … the ladies stacked the steel rings on a shelf in the sleeping quarters designated for ladies and children, and the voyage progressed under apparently normal conditions. The passengers survived attacks of scurvy and near starvation.” After weathering a very bad storm(s), “The ship was sailing along on a calm sea one beautiful day when the land was sighted” … “As the ship neared land, the passengers spotted palm trees.” They thought they were arriving in Brazil, but they were in Africa. “The captain of the Talisman was completely perplexed until he searched the ship and found the steel hoops on the shelf.” The hoops had caused a wrong heading on the compass which had resulted in the ship being steered to the Cape Verde Islands. The hoops were discarded and the ship set sail for and arrived in Rio. 

 

Apparently, the storm(s) damaged the Talisman so badly that it was eventually condemned: 

 

1) The New York Herald for 23 May 1867, page 9f, reported that the schooner Talisman, Johnson, master, arrived at Rio de Janeiro on 19 April from News Orleans and sailed on 22 April for Pernambuco. 

 

2) The New York Herald for 16 July 1867, page 9f, prints the following under Disasters: that the schooner Talisman, Johnson, master, from Rio de Janeiro for News Orleans, put into Antigua 11th ult(imate) leaking, was surveyed, condemned, and sold on the 18th at auction for (10 pounds). 

 

Undoubtedly the ship was so badly damaged from the storm(s) that John and Lisanna and the other passengers were fortunate that the Talisman held together long enough for them to get to Rio. 

 

There is much information that confirms that John and Lisanna left New Orleans for Rio de Janeiro in January 1867 and that they did arrive in Rio. There is the old family story of Lisanna going to Brazil and that she wrote a letter back to her family describing the trip. What has been learned about the actual trip aboard the sailing ship Talisman matches to a remarkable extent what Lisanna said in her legendary letter? There are documents that state that John W. Brownlow was on the Talisman when it left New Orleans. Judith McKnight Jones, a Confederado descendant, wrote about 3 the immigration and family trees. Her book, Soldado Descansa! Sao Paulo: Fraternidade Descendencia Americana, 1998, lists some 400 families and is in Portuguese. John Brownlow is mentioned two times in her book. 

 

What is missing is that no one has found Lisanna’s name in any document or record. At that time in history, the man was recognized as the head of the family, and the mention of the husband being present usually means that the wife and family were also present. No burial record or place has been found for John or Lisanna. Many of the original Confederados are buried in Campo Cemetery in Santa Bárbara d'Oeste, Brazil, but neither John nor Lisanna are buried in Campo Cemetery. There is no record or story to indicate that they came back to America. Did they move to another city in Brazil? Did Lisanna have another name that she used in Brazil? Did John and Lisanna have any children? The mystery that remains drives us to continue looking for more information. We need confirmation that we have cousins in Brazil! We probably do. 

 

Any of the Confederados who went to Brazil because slavery was legal in Brazil was to be soon disappointed for in 1888 Brazil abolished slavery. Brazil was the last country in the western hemisphere to abolish slavery. 

 

The Confederados started schools and permitted the children of slaves and freedmen to go to school. They learned Portuguese but also kept English as a secondary language, and many of their descendants still speak English today. 

 

The following is a quote from: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confederados The Confederados also have an annual festival, called the Festa Confederada, dedicated to funding the Campo center (cemetery). The festival is marked by Confederate flags, Confederate uniforms and hoop skirts, food of the American South with a Brazilian flair, and dances and music popular in the American South during the antebellum period. The descendants maintain affection for the Confederate flag even though they identify as completely Brazilian. The Confederate flag in Brazil has not acquired the same political symbolism as it has in the United States. 

 

We continue onward to collect bits of information until we identify and find our cousins in Brazil. Festa Confederado:

http://www.vice.com/read/welcome-to-americana-brazil-0000580-v22n2 Campo Cemetery and Chapel:

https://www.facebook.com/pages/Os-ConfederadosBrasil/263483417358 Otis Vaughn gg grandson of James & Mary Vaughn August 7, 2015 

http://hesterbooks.com/wp-content/uploads/2015/08/Lisanna-the-Confederado-2nd-version.pdf

BRUCE,

Rev. John Lee

Rev. John Bruce 3.jpg
Brother Bruce was born in South Boston, July 11, 1864. His parents were Thomas and Harriet Bruce. And in young manhood he was converted and soon there-after entered Randolph-Macon College, graduating in 1887.  From there he went to Vanderbilt University, where he completed the course in theology, and while at Vanderbilt he dedicated his life to foreign work.
In December 1891, brother Bruce married Miss Donnie Moore. She and her mother had been pioneers in our work in Brazil, showing great kindness and hospitality to our first missionaries. Miss Moore had taught successfully in several of our schools and was a member of the Granbury faculty at the time of her marriage.
During his twenty-five years in Brazil, brother Bruce did valiant service in various capacities as pastor, Presiding Elder, teacher, treasurer, and in other positions filled by him. At one annual conference when there was no Bishop on the field, his brothers voted and elected him president.

SOURCE:  “Virginia Conference Annual”,  Pages  19, 90 - 91

His wife, Fredonia "Donnie" A. Moore was the daughter of Confederados, Joseph Hardy Moore, and Mary A. Joiner.  The Moores were originally from Alabama but had relocated to Jackson County, Mississippi before relocating to Americana, Brazil.

See Bruce family page    (IN PROCESS)

BRYAN

Richard M.

Immigrated from Mississippi, USA 
From the Alabama Beacon Dec 1, 1866,  we have:
"Off for Brazil
The Choctaw (Miss.) Herald states that R. M. Bryan and William Prestridge, with their families, and Col. Mills of  Barrytown, have left for Brazil.  And Meridian Messenger, noticing their departure, says that they are merely the pioneers of a large party now preparing to emigrate to that country."
No further information yet     

BRYANT ( BRYAN), 

L. M.

Francis

Lee

 No further information yet     

BUCHANAN 

Herman Fred                

Herman Fred Buchanan

1867–1891

BIRTH 4 JUL 1867 • Chester, South Carolina, USA

DEATH 21 AUG 1891 • Santa Barbara, Sao Paulo, Brazil


Buried at Campo Cemetery,  

No further information yet     

BUDD,

W.P.

Immigrated from Illinois, USA  From the Missouri Republican (St. Louis) Tuesday, March 23, 1869, we have :
 
W. P. Budd, a well-known citizen of Macoupin county, now living in Brazil.

 
From Eugene Harter, page 65,  we have:
 
(Excerpted)
“To their credit, Dr. Blue and Isaac Young learned to speak Portuguese within three years.  Others did equally well in beautiful Portuguese.  James K. Miller owned a barrel-making enterprise.  Dr. M. S. Fife, Isaac Young and W. P Budd organized the Parana Manufacturing Company, which was immediately successful.  The several hundred members of the Parana Colony were difficult to trace since most of the members lived far apart from each other.  Some returned to the United States, others blended with other ethnic groups in the area, most notably the Germans and are almost lost from sight.


No further information yet     

BUFORD,

John Ridley

MASONS.webp
John Ridley Buford immigrated from Alabama, USA.  Member of the George Washington Lodge, Masonic Order, Americana, Brazil.  
 

BIRTH 08 SEP 1840 • Oak Forest, Barbour County, Alabama, USA

DEATH AFT. 3 JUN 1913 • Santa Barbara d'Oeste, Sao Paulo, Brazil

John Ridley Buford

VIRGINIA MILITARY INSTITUTE

Roster ID 1563
This is a summary. Contact the Archives for additional biographical information.

First Name: John

Middle Name: Ridley

Last Name: Buford

Suffix:

Affiliation: Class of 1864

Biography & Genealogy: John Ridley Buford, Class of 1864. Born-8 September 1840 in Louisville, AL Matriculated from Clayton, AL At VMI 1 year. Military Record: Drillmaster in Richmond during the spring of 1861. Enlisted for 3 years on 30 April 1862 at Eufaula, AL as Pvt (Capt R.F. Kolb's Company, Alabama Artillery). Made Sgt. Made 1st Sgt on 1 July 1862. Reduced to ranks on 4 November 1862. Transferred to Eufaula, AL Artillery on 17 October 1863. In the hospital in Union Springs, AL from September to November of 1864. Admitted to St. Mary's Hospital, West Point, MS on 15 December 1864 with colitis. Surrendered under the agreement signed 4 May 1865 at Citronelle, AL. Paroled in Meridian, MS on 10 May 1865. Post War Career: Civil Engineer. Moved to Brazil soon after the war. A 1912 photograph shows him with fellow exiles in Brazil where he died sometime after 3 June 1913. Died- Unknown

MILITARY

Name:  John R Buford

Enlistment Date:  30 Apr 1862

Enlistment Place:  Alabama, USA

Military Branch:  Artillery

Regiment or Unit:  Kolb's Battery

Enlistment Info:  Alabama, Barbour County, Eufaula, 5th Sergeant

Remarks:  Promoted from 5th Sergeant to 1st Sergeant 1862/07/01. Kolb's Battery, Hilliard's Legion.  

Author:  Record roll signed 1862/11/12

 
See Buford family page

BUHLOW

  No further information yet     

BULFATIN

 Settled in Santarem Colony,  

No further information yet     Source:  LOP

BUNNEL

 Settled in Santarem Colony,  

No further information yet     Source:  LOP

BURNS

  No further information yet     

BURRAND

  No further information yet     

BURTON,

Henry Overton


 

Translated from Portuguese using google translate  (Very Bad)
 

History of the City of Abundance

By RENATO RIBEIRO PALMA                                                                                                                          Monday November 27, 2017

Henry Overton Burton

The presence of Henrique Overton Burton in plenty, without a doubt can be considered as a historical fact that cannot be annotized, because he is this citizen, whose life from nis homeland, in North America, and until it ended in Botucasttu, of fact that make up the history of the U.S. and Brazil.  

It was he, although a Protestant, squared the ancient chapel of Matrix Place and adjacent streets based upon the city of Washington D.C. (USA) where in the city center would be a row of narrower squares where the public buildings are intermediated with squares and on the margins of Ribeira Fatura, a large public park.  But due to misunderstanding between the public authorities and the Dona Das Terra Church the project stayed half done. (which is why the blocks that make up the city center are narrower than the other blocks).  This figure already somewhat legendary in the history of the exploitation of West Paulista, participated in the American Session War on the side of the Confederates, immigrated to Brazil with numerous south companions.

He was a partner of the Mirante Da Serra Farm and provided workers for the opening of the first street and construction of the old chapel.

Much worker, and with a culture superior than the inhabitants of the place, he was selfless.

I understand a little everything and lived advice to friends on every and any matter.  On May 3, 1880 Joao Pereira, owner of Fazenda Marante Da Serra, makes an agricultural partnership agreement with Henrique Burton, to deal with 500 thousand feet of coffee, for the term of 4 years, according to a deed discovered by Mr. Constantino Leman in Piraju Paz Registry.  He was also owner of a part of the land in Fazenda Pinheirinho purchased from Antonio Francisco Do Prado and then sold to Antonio Ribeiro Da Fonseca.  He built a swelling house on current Rua Barao Do Rio Branco corner with Rua Mario Monteiro De Fraca, where the Cybelar shop and Fartura Hotel stand today. ​

​On September 15, 1887, the same house with Manoel Jose Vianna changed for land in Fazend Boqueirao Dos 3 Saltos.  On March 25, 1889, he purchased Joao Da Silva Leitte, 25 Alqueires of land on the Fazenda Veado for 780$000 (seventy hundred and eighty thousand Reis) and on August 17, 1890, from Manoel Joao De Oliveira, 10 Alqueires in the same farm deer for 500$000.  These 3 purchases included attached land and he started the formation of a coffee (plantation).

Shortly after, on July 23, 1891, sold this site named “Rest of the Arrabaldes” with 15 thousand feet of coffee from 1 to 2 years for 10,000$000 (Ten contes de Reis) to Henrique Jose De Godoy.

At that time, foreigners voted and actively participated in the life of the communities.  Henrique Burton received his title of voter in bill on the 6th of the 9th (September) of 1890.

Between 1891 and 1892 he moved to Piraju, where we will find him as an Alderman.  On September 29, 1892, in Piraju, he had a house in the city and a farm in the outskirts, where he built a South (Southern) American style house.​

On December 1, 1893, he resigned from the position of Alderman in Piraju, declaring that he would return to his homeland, but he did not return, as we will see ahead.

Who was Henrique Burton?  How did he end in these outerlands?  This for many years has intrigued those who are studying the History of Plenty, but it seems that now the truth is known.​

In the book “O Soldier Rest” edited in 1967, authorized by Judith MacKnight, The History of South American veterans who, after the losses in the Civil War of 1861/65, immigrated to Brazil.  To Sao Paulo came two groups; one to Iguape and the other to Santa Barbara Do Oeste, in the place where today the city of Americana was founded by them.

In 1866, he came from the United States to Iguape.  Henry Overton Burton natural from Cuthbert, Georgia.  Veteran of the Civil War, single and he was 21 years old.  With the dissolution of the Iguape colony, Henry Burton moved to Santa Barbara, where he married his compatriote Elizabeth Pyles.  Manufacturing of cigars.

​The price of cigars made in Capivari down a lot and the smoking plantation was abandoned, then moved to Piraju, where it was found as described.  From Piraju, he returned again to Botucatu, where he was a surveyor.

Came to die on 05/26/1899.  Having no children, Dona Elizabeth returned to Santa Barbara, where she went to reside with her parents until her death.

​In His Tomb in Botucatu it is read

“In Memory of Henry O. Burton – Born 16th October 1845

At/Cuthbert – Georgia – USA – Died 26th May 1899”

On one occasion, Burton was told that its land in the patrimonio De Fartura was being used by the pollical chief of the locality for a construction.

Soon, he resolved to determine the complaint and see that it was procedure.  It was Sunday almost all the population was attending the mass at the Matrix Church of the village, including the political chief.  Burton rushed there on his mule.  The meeting was in front of the church and practically the entire village was presented the typical scene from a western movie.  Major Burton interpelled the “Boss”, distinguishing that he was not allowed that a community leader would skip the rights of a citizen, practicing such violence, the ato-said – It pictured a retrograded mentality and a locality subject to such leadership would not have conditions to progress.  That’s why, he made a matter of notifying everyone that he would settle his business and move there.  ​

​The people listened to everything in absolute silence.  The pollical chief (which name is not mentioned) takes himself by brios and declare, in tom of the oratory, that he was not as late as the North American said because he was using the land together with his, with sole intention of building what we planned previously, what represented progress for the site.  He said more looking at the assistance: “After all, I am also an experienced and traveled man, because it hasn’t been very much I was even in Rio Grande Do Sul”

And Major Burton went out with this amazing response:  Good Sir, Do you see the cell beast I’m holding?  Then well, she also just arrived from Rio Grande Do Sul, but is still a beast.​​

Burton fulfill his promise and was always a lot.

It is believed that the invoice cemetery was secular and not canonical because of it was Protestant

 
No further information yet

BYINGTON,

Albert Jackson

Albert Jackson Byington was a native of Elmira, in the state of New York, Albert Jackson Byington, was born on January 22, 1875. the son of Albert J. "Bert" Byington and Elizabeth C. Tyler.   In 1893, at age 18, he worked for six months at the Chicago International Fair. "After this," according to the testimony of Paulo Egydio Martins, "was hired to come to Argentina and settled in Buenos Aires with his friend Charles Williams. In 1895 he came from Buenos Aires to Rio de Janeiro, to work with the Canadian engineer James Mitchel, responsible for intro-ducing the electric tram in the capital. Then he went to São Paulo to work at Light & Power. ​

From the manual work in the process of electrification of the cities of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo "up the post and pulling wire", in the words of Martins, began the career in Brazil of the American immigrant (later naturalized) and life Albert and Pearl, or rather, Alberto and Pérola, a couple of Brazilian citizens, as would often be emphasized.​

The young couple settled in Sorocaba and in 1901 Alberto Byington acquired the Sorocaba Electric Company, which had a small thermal plant (De Lorenzo, 1993: 55-6). From Sorocaba, he moved to Campinas, then the second most populous city in the state, where Alberto organized in 1904 the Cavalcante, Byington & Cia., That would give rise to the Company Campineira Luz e Força, probably associating itself with the local businessmen connected to the coffee. Gradually, the American continued in the strategy of buying and building small electric power plants in the region.​

In that sense, in March 1913, Alberto Byington became the representative in Brazil of the newly created company The Southern Brazil Electric Company, Limited, linked to English capitals. During World War I, faced with the import restriction on coal, the main input of thermal generation, there was an even greater investment in Brazil in hydroelectric generation.​

No wonder, Byington & Sundstrom, Alberto Byington was responsible for the complex construction of the Hercílio Luz bridge, which connected the island of Santa Catarina, where Florianópolis is located, to the mainland, inaugurated in 1926, after four years of construction. (..)​

The expansion of Byington & Cia in the 1920s meant that the company had a branch in New York and in the main cities of Brazil: Rio, Sao Paulo, Santos, Porto Alegre, Curitiba, Salvador, and Recife. "

Byington's ticket for Lusitania's last voyage was 46092 and he was in cabin B-26. On the day of the disaster, 7 May 1915, Byington was waiting for the elevator with Frederick Tootal, Lady Margaret Mackworth, and David Alfred Thomas when the torpedo hit.

 

"It looks to me," he said, "as if the Lusitania officials imagined that she was too lucky to be torpedoed. Instead of running 15 or 18 knots an hour, she ought to have been pushed to the limit, like that, we all understood, was one means of safety upon which she depended. "Another point which I think out to be emphasized in that the Germans showed utter disregard for life by not giving time for the passengers to get off. "No ships of any kind were in sight for ten or fifteen miles. The Germans had it all their own way. They could easily have allowed the Lusitania's passengers ample time to get into lifeboats and row away before shooting their torpedo. There was no opportunity for anything to happen to the submarine if she were delayed. It shows that they didn't care a rap about the loss of life in their murderous work." Mr. Byington jumped into a lifeboat which was filled with so many passengers that the ropes broke. As the boat fell into the water it capsized, and nearly all in it were drowned. Mr. Byington, who had a life preserver, swam to another boat. This later capsized. Then he got into another boat and helped to row it ashore.

 

He married Pearl Ellis McImtyre.

Born Pearl Ellis McIntyre, she was the daughter of Mary Elisabeth Ellis, and Robert Dickson McIntyre, American Confederado immigrants established in Santa Bárbara d'Oeste. She adopted the Portuguese form of her name (Pérola) and in 1894 when Pérola was fourteen years old, she completed the preparation for the Normal School but was prevented from entering because the minimum age requirement was sixteen years old. Then, she received private lessons, except Latin, which she took at a boys' school, where Pérola had to hide behind a folding screen so as not to attract the attention of the teacher and the boys.​

In 1897, Pérola took the entrance exams for the annex course of the Law Academy of São Paulo. She didn't pass the geography test and neither was well received by the academ-icians, who did not see with good eyes the opening of the course for women. In 1899, at the age of 19, Pérola finished the normal course. In 1901 she married the industrialist Albert Jackson Byington in Brazil, with whom she had two children.

See Byington Family page.