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Rev. William Alfred



Missionary to Brazil.  Married Laura Annesley Chamberlain, daughter of missionary George W. Chamberlain and Mary Anne Annesley


See Waddell family page 

The Monroe Journal (Monroeville, Alabama) 26 Feb. 1870, Sat  Page 3
The Mobile Register of the 23d has a letter from Brazil, which memntions a number of Americans in that vicinity, among them we are happy to notice the following names from Alabama:  Dr. J.H. Crisp, Mr Waddell, Mr. James Daniels, of Monroe County; Mr. Wm. Barr, Col. W.H. Norris, Dr. G.G. Matthews, Col. R. Broadnax, Col. J.A. Cole, Mr. E.S. Trigg, Mr. Maston.

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Elísio Sevier Wallace and his wife Mary came to Brazil in 1867 or 1868 and probably had their children here in Brazil. Wallace came to own some sites, helped open roads in the region, and returned to the United States in 1912 to buy equipment and machinery. All the daughters of the Wallace couple married Brazilians.

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See Wallace family page



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Rev. DeLacey Wardlaw

A Presbyterian pioneer in Ceará

DeLacey Wardlaw was born in Paris, Kentucky, where he was born on November 5, 1856. He was the son of T. DeLacey Wardlaw and Sarah Louise Fisher Wardlaw. Studied at the College of New Jersey at Princeton, and Union Seminary (1878-1880) in Virginia, where she was a classmate of Ballard F. Thompson. This arrived in Recife in February 1880 and died suddenly two months later. Wardlaw promptly offered to take the place of the friend. After being ordained by the Nashville Presbytery in June of 

1880, arrived in Recife on August 26, accompanied by his wife, Mary Swift Hoge Wardlaw, a native of Virginia. They worked for some time with the pioneer Rev. John Rockwell Smith. At the beginning of 1882, the couple felt the need to live in a place with a milder climate. After a brief trip to the United States, they Ceará, arriving in Fortaleza on September 27, 1882. It was a Sunday and the missionary held his first evening service in the Martyrs' Square where he was Staying.

See Wardlaw family page


James H.

Surgeon (TN) Scout, 

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Immigrated from Texas, nephew of Judge Dyer, one-time head of the "New Texas colony.
 Source:  Harter, page 54
See Dyer family and Steve Warson - below


Gen.  Samuel D.

Immigrated from Alabama in 1869 with his family.  He died in 1871.  His wife and children returned to Alabama.

From a newspaper article:

"Nany of our readers will regret to hear of the death of Gen. S.D. Watson.  The General died at his new home in Brazil in May last.  Letters have been received by Mr. Thomas L. Best of our county, from Mrs. Watson and also Gen. Watson's oldest son Park, giving full particulars of the General's death and the condition of the family.  The family, we understand, is without means and unable to return to the United States.  We hope that steps will be taken to raise the amount necessary to bring them back to the land of their kindred and friends.  There are few in this community, we imagine, who would not be willing to contribute something to this object.--  The letter, we understand, are such as would touch the heart of every old friend and acquaintances."

See Watson fmily page. 



Freedman Steve Watson was the administrator of a Sao Paulo sawmill, one of a string of enterprises owned by Judge Dyer of Texas. Dyer because of the unofficial head of the "New Texas" colony at the death of his nephew, Frank McMullen. Prior to the Civil War Watson was Dyer's slave. Given his freedom at the war's end, he chose to remain with Dyer, whom he trusted, rather than take his chances in a  risky southern economy.


 Watson, highly intelligent, was able to learn the Portuguese language, unlike most of the other colonists. He was an able leader and helped build the sawmill into a profitable enterprise. Dyer's nephew, Columbus Watson, from whom the freedman adopted his surname, was the third person in the enterprise at New Texas. Products from the sawmill were transported by riverboat to Rio de Janeiro,  finding a good market there. The enterprise came under a severe financial strain, however, when their steamship was wrecked one stormy night at the entrance of the Juquia  River. The loss was financially overwhelming and emotionally traumatic. Both Dyer and Columbus Watson soon succumbed to the homesickness that was permeating their deteriorating colony and headed back to the United States. Before leaving, however,  they deeded all of the surviving property, the sawmill and 1200 acres of land, to Steve Watson, whom they believed was adaptable enough to survive in that area.


 Watson gathered the remains of the business, rebuilt it, and became very wealthy, married a Brazilian lady, and raised a large family. He was highly admired in that region. In the area of the Juquia valley, there are many Brazilian families with the surname "Vassao,", the Portuguese pronunciation of Watson. His neighbors believed that given a formal education, Watson would have been a barrio  (A baron); it was the highest compliment they could bestow on the American black who chose to cast his lot in southern Brazil.   Source Harter Page - 54-55 



Immigrated from Bosque County Texas,  Traveled as a family group with the Gill and Garlinton Families,  Sailed aboard the ill-fated Derby,  Settled in New Texas.  The entire family group returned to the USA aboard the British Lion leaving no Brazilian descendants.    Source Harter, Griggs

See Weaver, Gill, and Garlington family pages.



Settled in Santarem, 

No further information yet, Source  LOP


(Spelled various ways)


Jacob Wingerter, born on the banks of the River Rhine, in Bayern, at a time when Germany was going through a severe economic crisis. It is known that between the years 1820 to 1890 the Germans totaled 30% of immigrants in the United States of America (U.S.). Around 1854, at age 21, Wingerter has also migrated to the U.S.

Initially, he settled in Illinois, where he joined the Methodist Church. A few years later, he went to New Orleans (Louisiana) in search of work, already acting as an evangelist for distributing leaflets on Sundays and during the week when possible. After getting married and with two children, moved to Texas, but his family has died by accidental poisoning.

The serious political, social, and economic conflict that led to the U.S. Civil War (1861–1865), only seven years after his arrival in the country, has hit everyone. Wingerter went to work as a telegrapher, enlisting in the 28th. Texas Cavalry of the Confederate Army. After the war, living in a fallen state on the battlefield, had no rights, no job.

The situation in the south was terrible because the victorious Army after defeating the southern rebels went to destroy and plunder their cities, homes, and families.


Wingerter decided to migrate to Brazil in 1867 with a group of settlers led by former officers Frank McMullen and William Bowen. Of the approximately 130 people who made up this group, many were Confederate veterans and many traveled with their families. Wingerter brought his second wife, Susan, whom he married in Grimes County, Texas on July 4, 1865, and her daughter Amy.

See Wingerter family page


Immigrated from Texas, USA, 

This is excerpted from the account written by Julia Cordelia Weissinger around 1910:

John Weissinger (Sr.) was intelligent but took no active part in politics. He had quite a family and was living in Citronelle, Alabama. when the war came, doing well in growing fruits and vegetables for the Mobile markets. His eldest daughter, Fannie, married one Mr. Lloyd near Columbus, Miss., a splendid man. She died, leaving 2 children, of whom I know nothing. The next daughter Myra, married Mr. Wing-field, a Methodist minister of ability. He died leaving her with 7 children, 4 sons, and 3 daughters. She died a few years ago and was a sweet Christian character. Her eldest son, Gus, went to New Mo. where he was living when last heard from. Walter, John, and Richard have prospered and do business, mercantile and planting in Greenwood and Shell Mound, this state. Florence, the eldest daughter, married first Randall Sclaghter, her third cousin, and by him had 2 sons, fine fellows, Ron and Ed, both married and now living in Sclaghter. Since Randall's death, Florence has married Capt. Anderson, has one child, Florence, by this marriage, and they also live at Sclaghter.

Alice Wingfield, the second daughter, is married to Kennon Townes and has one child, Florence. They live near Minter City and own quite a property. Myra W., the youngest child, has never married.

When the war ended so disastrously for the South, Uncle John swore he would not live under the U. S. flag. He sold his property in Ala. and sailed away to Brazil wife and children, Robert, Alex, Wesley, Florence, and Alice, and I think, one or two younger. He did not live many years after, and lost some of his children before his death. Aunt Elizabeth survived him many years, living to be quite old, and the other children are permanent residents of Brazil.

When Dr. Wingfield died, Wesley Weissinger came from Brazil to aid his sister Myra. He remained with her until quite sure that her sons were dependable and would support her and their sisters. When he returned to Brazil, he married a Spanish girl there.

John Wesley Sr. did leave at least 2 daughters behind in Alabama when he went to Brazil - we have a letter from his daughter Alice, who also went to Brazil, and who married Amos Cullen there, telling of Senior's death in Brazil about 1870.

See Wessinger family page


Settled in Santarem, 

No further information yet, Source  LOP


J. P.

Scout,  No further information yet
Dentst from Tennessee


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Joseph Elisha

Immigrated from Georgia, USA,

The Watermelon


Source:  The Confederados,  Cyrus.B. Dawaey & James M. Dawaey, Pages 87-88


... in the region surrounding Americana, Santa Barbara, and Perak feed kava, floral evidence, such as an occasional pecan tree, still mark the presence of the Americas. We are most successful in production was the large striped Georgia rattlesnake watermelon from seed that Joe Whitaker trip to Brazil in his coat pocket. By the turn-of-the-century, the harvest was so large that two box cars were needed to transport the crap to market.  When the railroad could not provide them, the American farmers threaten to deposit the rotting fruit company headquarters. A temporary setback to the watermelon enterprise occurred a few years later when the fruit was blamed for causing an epidemic of yellow fever....

He married Isabella P. Norris, daughter of Confederado William Hutchinson Norris and Mary Blsck.

See Whitaker family page


English, No further information



Settled in Santarem,  No further information yet, Source  LOP



Thomas Bannister



Lula McGahagin and 

Lucius Alphonso White Sr.

THOMAS B WHITE (1807-1877)

Thomas Bannister (or Banister) White was born on 22 July 1807 in Elbert County, Georgia, in the USA, to Joseph and Avarilla White.

We think Thomas may have married 5 times:
Mary Marie Antoinette Butts (1812-1830, married 1828)
Elizabeth Shepard Kirby (1815-1857, married 1831)
Margaret N Ruffin (1809-1861, married 1858)
Amanda M Walker Swearingen (1815-1866)
Eliza Clark Buland Kerr (1827-?)

We believe all three of his grown children were born to Elizabeth, whom he married on 30 November 1831, in Morgan County, Georgia:
Joseph Henry White, 1834-1892 (traveled to Brazil)
Jared Kirby White, 1840-1865 (died in South Carolina)
Lucius Alphonso White, 1852-1919 (traveled to Brazil).

Family tradition holds that Thomas took his sons Joseph and Lucius to Brazil in 1867 to work as surveyors and engineers for a mining company. I was told they also served as "doctors" when needed since they were able to read the English medical texts they had brought with them. We recently found evidence that Thomas may have even earned a law degree in Brazil. According to my dad's notes, likely copied from family Bibles, Thomas died on 25 Jan 1877 in Cantagalo, in the Province of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil.

This is my great-great-grandad's story as far as I know it. Letters must have been written to share the family news between Brazil and the US, so please, if you find any of them, let me know.
Respectfully submitted,
Carolyn White Davis
Great-granddaughter of Lucius A White, Sr.

More info may be found at:

Married 5th to
Eliza Clark Ruland, widow of James Dwight Kerr Jr. - Sister of Susan Rebecca Ruland, wife of Confederado John Henry Freligh
Born in St Charles Cty, Missouri, USA on 1827 to John Ruland and Ann Farrar Wells. Eliza Clark married James Dwight Kerr and had a child. She passed away on 26 Aug 1884 in Cantagalo Rj, Brazil

See Freligh Family
        McGahagin family


John Faust



See Whitehead family page

In process




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Richard William



Richard William Wiggins was born in September of 1819 in Sumter County, South Carolina, and relocated to Eutaw County, Alabama around 1930 when his father relocated his family.  His father,  Stephen Wiggins came to Greene County, Alabama, between 1830 and 1833 when he purchased federal land at the Demopolis land office on 19 August 1833 he paid for 159.81 acres in S-21 T-22N R-1W in Greene County for which patent no. 159 was issued


in 1835. In South Carolina Stephen Wiggins served twice during the War of 1812. First, he served as a private in Capt. Hodges' Co., 3rd Regiment (Rutledge's) South Carolina State Troops from June to October of 1812. He served his second term of service in the place of his brother, Sion Wiggins, in Capt. Bethea's Co., 3rd Regiment (Alston's) South Carolina Militia as private from September 1814 until March 1815. He received a bounty warrant no. 17284 for 160 acres for his service. In South Carolina, he lived in Manchester, Sumter District, South Carolina. He died in Greene county in October of 1862.

Richard joined the Confederate army:


Allen's Co.; Capt. Belser's Co., Reserves;
Capt. Bligh's Co., Militia;
Capt. Campbell's Co., Militia;
Capt. Crawford's Co.;
Capt. Darby's Co., Auburn Home Guards, Volunteers;
Lt. Echols's Co. of Conscripts;
Capt. Fagg's Co., Lowndes Rangers, Volunteers

After the war, along with his neighbors, the William Curtis  Emerson family and the Cullen family made the decision to relocate to Brazil, traveling to their new prospective home on April 3rd, 1868.  His daughter, Hattie, had married  F H Emerson just prior to their sailing south.  Things did not work out at all with the relocation and the Wiggins family and Frank H. Emerson returned to the United States with his wife and three daughters and son-in-law.  Hattie and Frank Emerson had one daughter born in Brazil -  Idellette.  Frank left his father and siblings in Brazil.  The Wiggins family departed from Rio de Janeiro for Baltimore, Maryland in December of 1873.  Richard lost his firstborn son, Wallace, age 19, not long after their arrival in Brazil.

The family returned to Mississippi, USA 

See Wiggins family page



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William Samuel

William Samuel Wise

Birth Date:13 Oct 1833

Birth Place:Edgefield County, South Carolina,

United States of America

Death Date:14 Apr 1877  (Died at age 43)

Death Place:Santa Bárbara d'Oeste, Município

de Santa Bárbara d'Oeste, São Paulo, Brazil

Cemetery:Cemitério dos Americanos

Burial or Cremation Place:Santa Bárbara

d'Oeste, Município de Santa Bárbara d'Oeste,

São Paulo, Brazil

Son of Washington Wise & Theresa Addison

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Nickolas Wogan.  Settled in Santarem,   A carpenter living in Mobile.  Immigrated to Mobile in 1850 - Born 1804  CSA veteran.  Voter registration says he was born in Ireland.  Immigration records show he came from Canada.  Married Mrs. Winnie Gorman Jan. 4, 1858, in Mobile, maiden name unknown.  Traveled with a JNS Gorman to Brazil on board the "Margaret" from Mobile. 

Name: Nicholas Wogan

Enlistment Date:1862

Military Unit: Eighteenth Infantry; Eighteenth Battalion, Volunteers

No further information yet, 


William Wallace

Settled in Santarem,   William Wallace, General (MS) - lawyer and editor of the Natchez Free Trader.

No further information yet, Source  LOP


Jesse Rosser

Immigrated from Texas, USA   

Jesse Wright's story further expands the Brazil immigration story of Ada Elizabeth Wright Sanders. At the end of the Civil War, about 20,000 disgruntled Confederates immigrated to Brazil with the intention of continuing the lifestyle they had enjoyed before the war. Jesse Wright and his family were part of this group and joined the McMullen Group at Galveston Texas with 146 other Texans and 8 Louisiana Plantation owners.


After the falling apart of the McMullen colony (originally named "New Texas", later known as "Eldorado"), Jeff Wright, with the hounds, found himself moving to near the community of Americana to the town of Retiro about four miles from Santa Barbara.  Jesse's daughter, Ada Elizabeth Wright, and two brothers were born there and the family flourished. Jesse raised rice and beans, made shoes and saddles and everyone was happy until Jesse's pistols got him into trouble again. He was a neighbor of one of the most successful and prosperous Confederados in that area, Mr. Harvey Hall. 


One day in October 1877, eleven years after he had come down to this strange land, he was shot dead by Jess Wright, the Texas Cowboy, in a field near his home.  There were no witnesses, but it was surmised that the shooting had followed an argument between the two men.  An apparent feud between the two men came to a climax over Hall's shooting one of the cowboy's mules who had wandered into Hall's plantation and was trampling the cotton fields.  In a rage, Wright approached Hall and demanded satisfaction.  Within min-

utes Hall lay dead.


After saying a quick goodbye to his wife and family. Wright fled the colony.  Before nightfall, a posse of Confederados and Brazilian State Guard came looking for him, but Wright had caught a ride on a passing train and was in the port city of Santos, one hundred miles away, by the next morning.  From there he caught a ship for New Orleans, safely out of reach.  However, he did not make it to New Orleans but was ensconced on the island Roserize for two years.  We do not know if he took his hounds with him. 

 Source:  Harter, Griggs 
See Wight family page,
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