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George Scarborough Barnsley

       Barnsley, a native of Georgia, had come to Texas after the Civil War in search of a place to begin anew. Before his education at Oglethorpe University had been interrupted by the conflict, Barnsley had been a medical student. During the war, he rose from the rank of private of Company A, Rome Light Guard, Eighth Georgia Regiment, to the position of assistant surgeon. Barnsley, having incurred a number of debts, was looking for a way to recoup the fortune which his family had possessed before the war. His father, Gottfried Barnsley, was an English citizen whose sentiments during the conflict were with the South. He was a cotton merchant with offices in both Georgia and New Orleans. Woodlands, Barnsley plantation located in Cass County, Georgia, only a few miles from the old home of both the McMullan and Dyer families, was the re-maining tangible evidence of the pre-war status of the family.


     George Barnsley had another reason for wishing to “hit it rich” in Texas. He hoped to marry Miss Ginny Norton of Norfolk, Virginia, and felt that it was necessary to have some measure of affluence be-fore asking for her hand. In Texas, however, Barnsley failed to find the financial possibilities he sought. Then, he met Frank McMullan and learned the details of his colonization plans. This, he decided, was the solution to his problems. Joined by his brother, Lucian, George Barnsley became the official “Doctor” of McMullan's colony. In addition to free passage and board, Barnsley contracted with McMullan for $2.50 per day for his services. During a visit with Godfrey Barnsley in New Orleans, McMullan stated that the Barnsley sons, with industry and economy, would do well in Brazil.

          In 1870, Georgia Barnsley was still in Brazil. Although he wanted to return to his native Georgia, he could not accumulate enough money to pay passage for himself and his family. "God only knows," he wrote his sister, Julia, "how I could hug those old oaks at the front gates…, And shake the hands of such as one left (at home)." Later that year, Barnsley painted a dreary picture of the family situation in Brazil. "Lucien", he said went to Rio…(and) he waited there until he and his family almost starved… His wife is sick. Murray (one of Barnsley’s nephews who married Barnsley’s wife’s sister), I suppose, is still drinking whiskey in Rio. Times are getting harder and harder."

(In 1869, Barnsley had married Mary Laniera Emerson, the daughter of the Reverend Wil-liam Emerson.  See Barnsley "Information about Emigrants.")


     By 1879, Barnsley, still regretting his mov to Brazil, seemingly had resigned himself to his fate. He continually moved around the coun-try, going from the cities and towns in sout-hern Brazil to Rio de Janeiro and into the interior. His failure to make money in medicine led him to try mining, to tend a drugstore, and even to promote a transcontinental railroad. None of his enterprises was successful. Feeling that he would never be able to return to Georgia, he wrote, concerning Woodlands and his father’s grave, "as long as you keep the old gentleman’s grave clean it is a matter of no great importance to me wherever I am here or there -- if I ever return home drive a stick down close to the old gentleman’s dust and write on it --  G.S.B. Co. A, 8th Ga ….C.S.A." recalling his instability and failure to stay with one profession until it paid off, Barnsley lamented, " it was the greatest mistake of my life, except that of coming to Brazil… Oh Julia, what a sad mistake Lucien and I made by coming to this country and worse by continuing. I frankly say that after so many years of residence in Brazil and intimate contact with them I am at  part less a Brazilian today than I was a year after my arrival."


           Even more financial setbacks caused Barnsley to renew his desire to return to United States. He wrote letter after letter to his sister and his brother-in-law in Georgia, asking them to send money, even if it meant the mortgage of Woodlands. In February 1883, Barnsley sent this appeal:


           "Disastrous affairs have reduced to me and also Lucien into utter poverty; we have no means to return to Wood-lands at present. If you can’t find any way to send out $2-$5000 to aid us to return it would be well to do so at once. If so much money cannot be raised, make some sort of contract with any of the sailing or steam vessels from New Orleans to Rio for our passage."


               It is not known why passage money was not sent to the Barnsley brothers. Perhaps it could not be raised. It is possible, too, that the family in Georgia did not feel that they would ever be repaid, in light of the lack of financial acumen shown by either George or Lucien. Be that as it may, in 1887, George Barnsley, in a vehement letter to his sister, revealed that with or without her help he was determined to return to the United States.


        "It is impossible that you should have hesitated on rais-ing the money for my expenses. I am here in an interior town and everything amiss for you did not reply. Get back, you better believe I will… I will at least prove that I am not lost on the deserts of Egypt. I am here in Pirrasunga (Pirassununga).."


This letter, written from an interior town in São Paulo Provices, may have had some effect, for in the following year, George Barnsley finally returned to Woodlands. Ironically, he was disappointed with the changes that had occurred, and before many months had passed, he and his family were back in Brazil.

The Confederados

Lucien Barnsley: Soldier, Company A, 8th Georgia Infantry (Rome Lt. Guards). He enlisted on May 18, 1861, in Floyd County, Georgia, and participated in most of the battles fought by the Army of Northern Virginia, including Gettysburg. In October of 1864, he was appointed as a soldier on a Dr. Miller team in the Medical Department in Greensboro, North Carolina, and surrendered when the city was occupied by the Yankees in April 1865. He was called Major by the other Confederate officers during and after the war. Apparently he was assigned Major and sent to diplomatic service in Mexico under the orders of the Confederate Consul John T. Pickett.

The Barnsley Gardens - Today
Photo taken prior to 1906 when the home was destroyed by a tornado.
"WOODLANDS" - What the Yankees did        not destroy, a tornado in 1906 did.

Godfrey Barnsley (1805-1873) was a nineteenth-century British-American businessman and cotton broker who became one of the wealthiest people in the southeastern United States.

Barnsley was born on August 26, 1805, in Derbyshire, England. His father was George Barnsley, an English cotton mill owner and his mother was Anna (Hannah) Goodwin Barnsley. He also has an older brother named Joshua. Barnsley began working in the cotton business at his Uncle Godfrey Barnsley’s importing establishment in Liverpool, England. After Barnsley came to America, he too joined the cotton business and made his fortune.

In 1824, Godfrey Barnsley emigrated to America from Liverpool, England. At the age of eighteen, Barnsley moved to Savannah, Georgia. He arrived in Savannah with no money and no distinguished education. However, it was in Savannah that Barnsley made his fortune as a cotton broker and became one of the most affluent men in the south through the cotton trade and shipping business.[4] He also served as president of the Savannah Chamber of Commerce for several years. While living in Savannah, Barnsley met Julia Henrietta Scarborough, the daughter of William Scarborough a wealthy shipbuilder and merchant. In 1828, at the age of twenty-five, Barnsley married Julia on December 24. Barnsley and Julia had eight children. In 1842, Julia’s health began to decline and Barnsley decided to move his family to north Georgia, where he believed there would be a more healthful climate for Julia. Barnsley traveled from Savannah to Cass County (now Bartow County) on an expedition with three friends, William Henry Stiles, Reverend Charles Wallace Howard and Francis Bartow. Stiles traveled to north Georgia because he was looking for land for future development. Howard was on a geological survey. Barnsley sought to find land where he could build a home that would be away from the heat and threat of yellow fever and malaria prevalent of the Georgia Coast where he lived.] He chose a piece of land in the small village of Adairsville, Georgia.

On 10,000 acres (40 km2), Barnsley began construction of his mansion for Julia. He called his manor Woodlands, which later became known as Barnsley Gardens.[1] He designed the gardens of the estate in the style of Andrew Jackson Downing. Downing was considered “America’s first great landscape architect.”[3] Barnsley also brought in every known variety of roses to be planted in the garden. The mansion had twenty-four rooms and was designed in the style of an Italian Villa.[2] It had mantels of black and white marbleimported from Italy and also had “unheard of conveniences, such as hot and cold running water.” Barnsley had his house built on an acorn-shaped hill. An old Indian, who worked with Barnsley, warned him not to build on that piece of property. He explained that the site was sacred to the Cherokee and that anyone who tried to live on it would be cursed. Barnsley ignored the Indian’s advice and started construction anyway.

Barnsley’s fortune soon changed after moving into his mansion. His infant son died and in the summer of 1845, Julia died of Tuberculosis. Barnsley still continued to build the mansion after Julia’s death because he felt her presence at the site. He toured Europe in search of “elegant furnishings” to decorate his estate.[3] In 1850, Barnsley’s oldest daughter, Anna, got married and moved to England. Adelaide, Barnsley’s second daughter, died in the mansion in 1858.

When the American Civil War started, the cotton Barnsley brokered was no longer sellable and wound up rotting in warehouses in New Orleans. During the war, Barnsley moved back and forth from Woodlands to New Orleans. Barnsley’s two sons, George and Lucien, joined the Confederacy  and in 1862, Howard, Barnsley’s oldest son, was killed by Chinese pirates while searching in the Orient for “exotic shrubbery” to add to the mansion. On May 18, 1864, Colonel Robert G. Earle, who was part of the Second Alabama Light Cavalry and a friend of Barnsley, rode to Barnsley’s house to warn him that Sherman’s troops were approaching. He instead was shot down within sight of the mansion. Earle’s body was buried at Woodlands. When Union troops did arrive at the site, Federal General McPherson ordered his men not to destroy Barnsley’s estate, but his orders were ignored. Italian statuary was smashed in hopes of finding hidden gold.[2] Wine and food were stolen. What could not be stolen was smashed,[2] including windows and china.

By the end of the war, Barnsley moved to New

Orleans  to try to  regain  his  lost   fortune. He

left Woodlands to be managed by James Peter

Baltzelle,  a   Confederate  army  captain,  who

had   married    his  daughter  Julia.   Baltzelle

made a living  by shipping timber from Wood-

lands,  but  was  killed by a falling tree in 1868.

Soon after, daughter Julia joined her father in

New Orleans,  along  with  her daughter, Adel-

aide. In  1873,  Barnsley died  in  New Orleans

and was  taken  back to Woodlands, where he

was buried. The Woodlands manor house was

destroyed  in 1906 by  a tornado, but the ruins

are now open to the public  and are part of Bar-

nsley Resort .

Julia and her husband James Baltzelle. The two, and their daughter Adelaide (“Addy”), moved from Savannah to begin rebuilding to Woodlands to its former glory. James began a timber business at Woodlands in 1868, but was soon killed by a falling tree. Julia fled to New Orleans to be with her father. She later married a German ship captain, Charles Henery von Schwatz. Godfrey died not long after, in 1873, depressed and penniless. After her father’s death, Julia moved back to Wood-lands with Charles and Addy. Sadly, not long after their arrival, Charles died.  Addy grew up at Woodlands. She married a chemist named A. Saylor and started a family. They had two sons, Harry and Preston, before Saylor also died at Woodlands. In 1906, a tornado tore the roof off a majority of the main house, forcing Addy and her sons to move into the kitchen wing of the house. The family remained there while the boys grew up.

Julia Bernad Barnsley Baltzelle                                   Von Schwartz

When Cherokee tribes were forcibly removed from Cass County, Ga. in 1838, it opened the door for  many who sought to establish settlements in that part of the state. One of these intrepid men was Godfrey Barnsley, a native of Liverpool, England who came to America at the tender age of 18 in 1823. Barnsley had no true vocation or really extensive academic background, he was just an eager individual looking to make his mark in the New South. While living in Savannah he found gainful employment as a brokerage clerk to a major cotton shipper and before long rose to great heights in both local financial and social circles. By 1830, the now twenty-five year old Barnsley found himself a successful busines-sman with offices in Savannah, New York, New Orleans and Liverpool and eventually married Sav-annah native Julia Scarborough on Christmas Eve of 1828. Julia was a member of a prominent Savannah family whose father, William Scarborough, built the first ship partially powered by steam to cross the Atlantic.        


It was just a few short years later that Barnsley and some of his associates journeyed to Cass County to stake their claim and make their mark in this - as of yet - undeveloped area. Barnsley had another more personal reason for looking to relocate. He feared for the health of his wife and family as many resi-dents of coastal Georgia had begun to fall prey to the broiling heat as well as the various diseases like yellow fever and malaria that were being transmitted by visitors to their shores. Julia in particular was battling an assortment of ailments, perhaps weakened by bearing a number of children in such short time.       


In 1841, the Barnsley family had indeed moved to the site of their new home and construction began. The estate would be built on 10,000 acres of land and would be the sum total of Barnsley's vision, imagination and wealth. He would call his manor "Woodlands" in no small part because of the acres and acres of forest land that surrounded the main house. The 30-acre gardens were modeled after the most exquisite in the country and contained almost every type of rose and any fauna that would thrive in that climate. The home was styled in the fashion of an Italian villa, had 24 rooms and contained the most rarest and privileged of all home amenities - hot and cold running water - that translated into another creature comfort rare in those times, namely, indoor plumbing.       


Much of the interior woodworking was fashioned by hand in England and lush Italian marble graced the mantles of its multiplefireplaces. The kitchen contained another innovative creation - a spring-triggered spit which acted very much like a modern rotisserie in that it would turn and evenly cook meat over an open fire. It was a lavish home, very much ahead of its time and a fitting legacy to a man who embodied the American Dream.

A side note of some interest is that it is widely speculated that Godfrey Barnsley was in many ways, the model for the character Rhett Butler in the book Gone With the Wind. It has actually long been specu-lated that the romance between Godfrey and Julia was a major inspiration for the characters Rhett and Scarlett.       


Curiously however, stories reached Barnsley that his home was built on a hill that was the site of a Native American burial ground. As a result, it was rumored that the land was cursed. Barnsley, if nothing else a pragmatic sort, brushed off these tales as nothing more than folklore and legend. By the time of his death, he might have regretted his indifference.


Soon after moving into their garish new manor home, tragedy struck the Barnsley's as their infant son died from illness. In 1845, after an extended battle with tuberculosis, Julia returned to Savannah to be treated by her family physician but eventually succumbed to the disease, an event that haunted Godfrey in more ways than one as we will read. In 1850, Anna the eldest daughter married and moved to Eng-land with her new husband, perhaps in many ways a prudent, if not life-saving decision on their part. Eight years later, Adelaide, the next oldest daughter passed away suddenly at home. Merely 4 years later, Howard the oldest son was murdered by pirates in China while searching the Orient for exotic shrubbery to be planted in the family's gardens (left)

Still, Godfrey Barnsley continued his mission to complete his work on the Woodlands. His dream would not be denied. He travelled Europe to bring back furnishings for the home and accumulated a fantastic gallery of art which adorned the walls of his house. Steadily, Barnsley labored tenaciously toward his ultimate goal of completing his mansion.

A new distraction had manifested itself by this time bearing the name of The American Civil War. As it did with many other families, the war brought about a combination of tragedy and turmoil to the Barnsley's. The two remaining sons, George and Lucien went off to battle with the Confederate Army. Youngest daughter Julia married Confederate Captain James Peter Baltzelle in 1864 and upon the in-sistence of her husband, moved to Savannah for her own safety.

In May of 1864, Col. Richard G. Earle of the Second Alabama Light Cavalry was shot and killed while riding to Woodlands to warn Barnsley that Gen. Sherman's troops were advancing on Georgia.  At that point, Sherman's troops had already come upon the Woodlands and his death triggered a brief skir-mish. Ultimately they found Godfrey Barnsley, now completely alone in his house. Col. Earle was buried on the grounds in the perennial gardens where a monument to his act of bravery is displayed.  Federal General James McPherson, taking a shine to the owner (it has been reported that the General admired the humane manner in which Barnsley treated his slaves) absolutely forbade any looting by his troops of the mansion. Sadly, this order fell on deaf ears and as many furnishings were taken and a large part of the mansion was either destroyed or severely damaged.

When the war had ended, George and Lucien returned home but eventually moved to South America rather than pledge any allegiance to the Union. Barnsley himself moved to New Orleans to seek other business opportunities and recoup some of the riches lost during the Union army's occupation of his home. He left daughter Julia and her husband, James Beltzelle in charge of the home. Baltzelle began selling off timbers from the land in order to support the family, but his life tragically (of course) ended when he was killed by a falling tree in 1868. Julia, now having a daughter Adelaide, moved to New Or-leans to rejoin her father. It was there she met and married a German ship captain named Henry Von Schwartz.

Godfrey Barnsley died in 1873 and his body was returned to The Woodlands. Daughter Julia lost her husband 12 years later, but their daughter Adelaide grew up and married a chemist by the name of A.A. Saylor and bore two sons, Harry and Preston in 1917. Mr. Saylor passed away when the boys were still very young. The misfortune doesn't end with that, however. In 1906, a tornado tore threw the Wood-lands, destroying a large part of the mansion, forcing the family to live in the kitchen wing of the home. In 1935, Preston, now a boxer of some renown fighter under the pseudonym K.O. Dugan, shot and killed his brother Harry, who he thought was plotting to take his share of Woodlands. Harry had, in Preston's absence, taken a large role in the care of the property which Preston misinterpreted with grave results. An argument ensued in the basement of the Woodlands which quickly escalated and resulted in Preston chasing his brother through the house firing a pistol at him. Harry was hit and as a result died in his mother's arms. Preston was subsequently imprisoned but was eventually pardoned after serving seven years by a compassionate governor. When Adelaide died in 1942, the entire estate was sold to W. Earl McClesky who used the land primarily for farming purposes.

In 1988, Prince Hubertus Fugger and his wife Princess Alexandra of Bavaria, purchased Barnsley Gardens. They embarked on an ambitious renovation project and today, Barnsley Gardens remains an historic piece of old-time Georgia and is home to a world-class grand golf resort (below). In a nod to its illustrious past, the Prince consulted the original plans for the estate with close attention to the land-scaping style of Andrew Jackson Downing, whose approach is reflected in the gardens of the White House and the Washington Mall. Barnsley Gardens was sold in 2004 to two Dalton, Ga. businessmen - Julian Saul and Mike Meadows - who continue to develop the property



First we start with the curse itself. There is a legend that Mr. Barnsley met a Cherokee man whom he immediately befriended and hired to work for him. It was this man who upon learning of Barnsley's plans to build on the hill, told him the spirits would be angered if this happened. Some say it was this man who actually invoked the curse. In any event bear in mind that Prince Fugger invited a Native American shaman named Richard Bird to the property to remove the curse before restoration began.      

In his grief over the death of his wife, Godfrey Barnsley was so despondent that he immersed himself in his work and allowed a governess to care for his six children for a one-year period. In this time Barnsley became absorbed with spiritualism and upon returning to visit the children one day, he saw the spirit of Julia standing by a fountain who told him that for the children's sake he must complete the mansion. From that day forth, Barnsley re-dedicated himself to that goal. A memoir describing this encounter still remains in possession of the estate to this day. The most gripping evidence of Julia's presence came in the form of a letter that Barnsley received one day. It read:

"Dear Mortal Barnsley,      

 Julia is with me and all doing fine."        

 William Scarborough   


The letter was from his long-deceased father-in-law - in his handwriting. A correspondence from beyond the grave?       


The spirit of Col. Earle is said to remain on the premises. His ghost has been spotted drinking from a spring located in the rear of the house.       


The ghost of Julia Barnsley has been seen among the boxwoods in front of the house. The first report came from her daughter Addie, who said she saw her mother's spirit there one day. Addie also reported seeing the spirit of her slain son, Harry. She also reported her Uncle George appeared before her at the mansion the night he died in Brazil. In fact Addie would often repair to the gardens and return with tales of communication with her deceased ancestors.       


Godfrey Barnsley's ghost is said to haunt the old library inside the mansion. Donna Martin, the former concierge has reported seeing Mr. Barnsley walk out of his library while in the company of another staffer who saw the same thing. He has also been heard shuffling at his desk just as he did often in life and has been spotted roaming through the ruins at night and walking with his beloved Julia through the gardens


Barnsley Gardens: A Lost Arcadia


SIX miles from Kingston, Ga., may still be seen the picturesque ruins of one of the most palatial old homes in the South, a sort of Alhambra, in some respects, not unlike the wasted citadel of the Moors. The locality is today known by the name of Barnsley Gardens; and standing amid the pathetic remnants of this old estate once feudal in magnificence it is not difficult for the imagination to picture here a cas-tle with ivy covered walls such as might have overlooked the Rhine or the Danube in the middle ages. The story connected with it is full of romantic elements. To a resident of Kingston who has often visited this historic spot we are indebted for the following particulars:*


Three quarters of a century ago, Mr. Godfrey Barnsley, one of Savannah's captains of industry, decided to establish such an estate as he remembered to have seen in England, his native land. So he purchased from the Cherokee Indians 10,000 acres of ground in what is now the county of Bartow. Gradually he cleared away the forest and turned the red hills into cotton fields and built a stately manor house where it overlooked a magnificent sweep of country, reaching far back until blue hills merged into bluer skies. He then planted around it the famous gardens which for two generations have been a Mecca for pleasure seekers and holiday excursionists in this part of Georgia.


Miss Belle Bayless.


To embellish the gardens, rare trees and shrubs and plants were brought hither from the most remote corners of the earth. Some of these still flourish amid the decay into which everything else has fallen. Hemlocks and spruces from Norway may still be seen brushing the old terraces with verdant branches of evergreen. Scotch rowans glow with scarlet berries in the autumn. Lindens and other foreign shade trees vie with those of the native woods in adding picturesqueness to the naturally beautiful location; while great lichen-covered boulders, hauled by ox-teams from the surrounding mountain-tops, form rookeries on either side of the main entrance to the grounds. The drive-way sweeps up the long hill and around the box-bordered area which encloses a central fountain just in front of an embroidered ter-race. Mr. Barnsley, like his forebears, built always with an eye to the future and did not hasten his work. So the Civil War came on before the interior of the house was finished and the gold which he had sent to England came back to re-enforce the coffers of the Confederate government.


Domestic industries were fostered on this baronial estate of Mr. Barnsley; for not only the manor house itself but the quarters for servants and the small office buildings on the estate were constructed of brick made by slave labor from materials found on the plantation. The palatial old home place was divided into three parts —the central being two stories in height and surmounted by a tower. The main entrance to the house was approached by marble steps. On either side of the hallway were spacious drawing rooms, libraries, and the like, with sleeping apartments above, sixteen in all. The right wing contained an immense dining room or banquet hall, on the first floor, besides billiard and smoking rooms, with kitchen, store rooms, and cellars below. The left wing was used for temporary residence purposes while the rest of the building was in process of erection. The owner was not to be deprived of any of the luxuries of life merely because he lived in the country; so, on the tower, a cistern was built to which pipes were laid and a reservoir constructed in one of the chimneys to furnish hot water for the lav-atories. Plans were also made for lighting the house by means of a gas made from resinous pine.


In the rear of the manor house is another terrace; and here we find a ghost walk, for a castle without a promenade for spooks at the witching hour of midnight is romantically incomplete. Just over the brow of the hill is the grave of Colonel Earl, a Confederate officer, who was buried on the spot where he fell during the Civil War. Eelatives came to remove his body but they could get no one to dig into the earth, so strong was the superstitious feeling among the mountaineers; and even to this day the locality furn-ishes material for weird tales among the country folks.


At the foot of the slope is one of the prettiest spots in which the imagination could possibly revel. It is the ivycovered spring-house set against the out-cropping gray rock. Inside a bold spring bubbles up and finds its way out and across the fields where it becomes a good-sized stream. And who could wish better dairy products than the milk and butter cooled in such pure water? One can almost fancy here a sprightly Lady Betty presiding over the burnished vessels and scolding her maids for some trivial neg-lect; or more realistic still, Madame Barnsley— nee Miss Scarlett, one of the South's great beauties— standing in the shadow of the half-circle of live-oaks about the door, directing her servants as does her granddaughter, the present chatelaine.


But Mr. Barnsley, in gratifying his artistic tastes, did not stop with plants and flowers for his extensive grounds. He was also an industrious collector of rare curios, objects of virtu, costly bric-a-brac, and expensive ornaments. His mahogany dining-table—which was large enough to seat forty people—and his elegant side-board, which was of equally generous proportions, were made for Emperor Dom Pedro of Brazil. The gilt library clock once belonged to Marie Antoinette; and an exquisite marquetry table, together with several delicate wood carvings, had bits of history connected with them. Over the dining room fire-place hung a rare painting. Its wealth of color undimmed by several centuries and its resem-blance to Murillo's Madonnas told of the influence of the great Spanish master; while a built-in vault contained a quantity of family silver. In one of the bedrooms was a mahogany bed-stead of huge pro-portions, but the four eagles intended to surmount the posts stood demurely in a corner, for not even the high ceiling of this spacious boudoir would permit them to occupy the places intended for them as guardians of the curtains of yellow satin damask. Wardrobe and dresser matched the bed, all heavy, hand-carved and handsome.


But these,-together with a quantity of rare old wine, were taken to New York a decade ago and sold, the dealers paying only a song for what was worth almost a king's ransom.


Today the Last Sigh of the Moor seems aptly to fit the old place. Time has wrought fearful havoc. The Barnsley household has scattered to every continent on the globe; a cyclone unroofed the main house years ago; members of a vandal picnic party daubed tar over the front walls, while others amused themselves by shattering window panes; and the one time immaculate flower beds are now waist-high in weeds. It is well nigh impossible to maintain so large an establishment now-adays, when labor for necessary work can scarcely be obtained for love or money; but rich minerals recently discovered on the property may yet provide the means not only for making needed repairs but for realizing the splendid dream of the founder of Barnsley Gardens.

Murder at Ghost Castle

Murder came to Barnsley Gardens November 5, 1935, when the great- grandson of the builder of this ruined ‘’ghost castle’’, six miles from... Kingston, shot and killed his brother. 

There is a legend that the great- grandfather himself, Godfrey Barnsley, fought a poison duel with his brother, Gartrelle. They loved the same girl, so the story goes, one Chessie Scarlett.

At the request of the two brothers, a ‘’disinterested’’ friend privately poured two glasses of wine and placed in one a lethal dose of poison. Neither Godfrey nor Gartrelle had any way of guessing which glass.
The color of the wine still seemed the same.
Each brother picked up a glass and drank. Godfrey lived.
It turned out that the girl loved the brother who died. 

Mrs. Addie Baltzelle Saylor, a mother of the two great- grandsons of Godfrey Barnsley, last of the family to live at Barnsley Gardens, accepted the story as nothing more than romantic tradition. Godfrey Barn-sley, she pointed out, married the beautiful Julia Scarborough of Savannah, and loved her all his life. Mrs. Saylor, who died in 1942, had in her possession a ‘’spirit’’ letter bearing witness to this unwavering devotion. That letter is among a small collection of Mrs. Saylor’s family keepsakes now on file in the rare books and manuscripts division of the Emory University Library in Atlanta.  Julia was the daughter of William Scarborough, one of the rich cotton factors who financed the building of the Savannah, which in 1819 set a record as the first steamship to cross the Atlantic.

Godfrey Barnsley, an English younger son, came to Savannah from Derbyshire, England, when only eighteen and amassed a fortune in the cotton exporting business. He sent the first baled cotton from Savannah to England and eventually his own fleet of ships plied between his warehouses in Savannah, Mobile, New Orleans and Liverpool. 

Julia Scarborough and Godfrey Barnsley were married in 1828, and the first of their eight children was born while they were on a visit to England. 

The Barnsley’s gave a fancy-dress ball in Savannah in 1837 which set such a high mark in the city’s social history that some doubted it would ever be equaled. The function took place in the old William Scarborough house, still standing at 111 W. Broad Street, a handsome columned house designed in 1818 by the brilliant young English architect, William Jay. Here Mr. Scarborough had entertained President Monroe, but the Barnsley ball--celebrating the return of prosperity after a depression--seems to have eclipsed anything before or, perhaps, since. 

And when Godfrey Barnsley later built a house in what was then the North Georgia wilderness, it wasn’t just a house; it was a castle, complete with tower. There were twenty-six rooms in all and the whole elaborate structure was built of handmade bricks. Old sketches by Mr. Barnsley indicate that he had his prospective Georgia castle in mind while he was traveling in Europe. One of these sketches shows the ruins of Fountain Abbey in Derbyshire.

Mr. Barnsley fell in love with North Georgia scenery when he made a trip into the mountains in the eighteen thirties Through the Reverend Charles Howard Wallace, he acquired ten thousand acres of land near Mr. Howard’s own plantation, Spring Bank, in old Cass County, now Bartow. The house at Spring Bank, a weathered frame structure with dormer windows, may still be seen as you drive over the hilly unpaved road to Barnsley Gardens. (This was written in 1955, and the house no longer stands. ~B.A.) 

Originally, the Barnsley place was given the name of Woodlands. All the old family correspondence refers to it by this name. But as the fame of it’s gardens grew, the public gave it another name, which gradually supplanted the old--Barnsley Gardens. 

These gardens, with their oval boxwood maze, great lawns, English and Japanese yews and other fine old trees, are still green after more than a hundred years. Red Louis Phillipe roses bloomed there bravely on the day of our visit and other flowers too. 

But the big house, facing this garden, is a roofless brick shell, a gaunt ruin on an acorn-shaped hill, surrounded by the green isolation of valley farmlands and wooded mountains. 

Cottonwood trees, growing up through the rotted floors of the spacious rooms, push their branches out through empty window arches. The bare inner brick walls are covered with the pale green tapestry of flattened wisteria leaves on vines which have wandered far from their gnarled roots outside the house. Gone from the wide hall is the grand stairway under which a vault for valuables was built. There is no sign now of the huge tank in the tower from which pipes carried water to the many bedrooms, water warmed by the heat of chimney flues. 

Actually three houses were built and still stand. One of these was a frame cottage at the left to be used as a dwelling while other construction was under way. This cottage was to be replaced by a detached brick wing similar to the one standing at the right of the ruined structure. This latter so-called wing is really a well-preserved brick house with slim columns and dormer windows. It has a dining room of banquet size, two kitchens and a group of bedrooms. The stove in one kitchen is large enough to take care of dinner for a hundred guests.

Godfrey Barnsley’s castle was still unfinished when the South went to war in 1861. The exterior of the house, with it’s tall tower, wide overhanging roof, arched doors and windows, presented a fine and finished appearance, as shown by old photographs. But there was still some interior work to be com-pleted and many of the furnishings imported from Europe were still to be unpacked. 

It was as the clock stopped at Barnsley Gardens on a certain day in 1861-- a gold clock that had once belonged to Marie Antoinette. Perhaps it was not a lucky clock. Workmen laid down their tools and picked up tools of a grimmer sort. They never came back to Barnsley Gardens. 

Godfrey Barnsley’s great fortune was swept away by the war. In 1906 a tornado took off the roof of the castle. Time and the elements have had their way with it since then. Perhaps a cycle of misfortune was completed in 1935 when brother shot brother in the living room of the detached dormer wing which had become the family residence. 

Long ago people had begun to call the big house a ghost castle and to say that the place was unlucky because Godfrey Barnsley had built on the site of an Indian cabin. The Indians had already been re-moved west, of course, when he acquired the property in the late eighteen thirties. (Just barely….~B.A.)
The first of the misfortunes was the death in 1845 of Godfrey Barnsley’s wife, his beloved Julia, who never lived to see the castle planned for her.Mr. Barnsley went to New Orleans for a time and took the children along. But he was back at his North Georgia home in 1861. His ships had been turned over to the Confederacy and two of his sons were in the Southern army, Lucien and George. 

Harper’s Weekly of July 2, 1864, carries a drawing of Barnsley Gardens which shows a cavalry battle fought on the grounds in front of the house. May 18, 1864. This drawing was made by Harper’s staff artist, Theodore Davis, who went along with Sherman on the march to the sea.

But it was Federal General James B. McPherson--not Sherman--who spent a night at Barnsley Gardens.
The house was staffed with white servants, after the manner of Mr. Barnsley’s native England. The housekeeper, Mary Quin, was Irish and expressed herself in characteristic fashion when she said that General McPherson was a ‘’gintleman in low company.’’

Mary, it seems, had engaged in a battle of her own with the enemy and had won--with the general’s assistance. This encounter is described by Frances Thomas Howard, daughter of Reverend Mr. Howard, in her book, In and Out of the Lines, a record of the war experiences of the Howard family and their neighbors. 

Various depredations had got Mary‘s Irish dander up--priceless china wantonly smashed, a raid on the wine cellar and the disappearance of the fine linen sheets from the bed in which the general had slept. But the final straw was the theft of Mr. Barnsley’s watch.

A Federal soldier had inquired the time and when Mr. Barnsley--then nearly sixty--took out his watch, the soldier snatched it and ran. 

Mary gave chase and caught up with the culprit in the basement. ‘’And where are yez going?’’ she demanded. 

‘’I’m going to burn this old secesher’s house,’’ he told her. taking a shovel full of red hot coals and making for the scullery with Mary still right behind him. 

There was a scuffle. Mary was knocked down by a blow from the soldier’s clubbed musket. He got away but a letter dropped from his pocket as he ran. Mary found it after she had cleared out the coals. Entirely on her own, she set out next day to walk the six miles to General McPherson’s headquarters in Kingston. 

The general, who was later killed in the siege of Atlanta--Fort McPherson in Atlanta is named for him--granted Mary an interview. Mary stated her grievance and presented the soldier’s letter. General McPherson read the address and ordered that the man’s entire company be lined up so that Mary might identify the watch stealer. 

Mary assured him there would be no trouble about that, and there wasn’t. She had scratched the thief’s face good and proper and the marks were still eloquent evidence against him. 

The watch being duly restored, Mary related that General McPherson then said, ‘’The man that strikes a woman is not fit to live. Shall I have this fellow shot?’’

‘’No, no,’’ Mary protested, ‘’I don’t want no more of his dirty blood on me hands than I got there yesterday.’’

The General laughed and said, ‘’I think we’d better enlist you. At any rate, the scoundrel shall go to Chattanooga to work on the fortifications there till the war is over.’’

Not until the autumn of 1864 did Barnsley Gardens, Spring Bank and the other old houses in Cass County see the last of Federal troops.

Italian statuary planned for the gardens at the Barnsley home were the cause of several raids by army stragglers. Workmen who hauled the heavy packing cases to the house and stored them in the basement were sure they contained Mr. Barnsley’s gold brought up from Savannah for safekeeping. The word got around. Federal visitors prospecting for gold were annoyed when the discovered statuary instead, and expressed this resentment by various acts of vandalism. 

Godfrey Barnsley went to New Orleans again after the war to try to rebuild his fortune but died there in 1873 at the age of sixty-eight. His body was brought back for burial in the family cemetery near Barnsley Gardens. It is said that voodoo practitioners later dug up his corpse and cut off his right hand. Talk of ghosts at the castle took a fresh start. 

Superstitious Negro field workers had long avoided a lonely grave at the back of the house. A marker shows this to be the last resting place of Colonel R.G. Earle, C.S.A. Colonel Earle had ridden to Barnsley Gardens to warn the family of the approach of Federal troops. This act of gallantry cost him his life, for he rode from the house right into a detachment of Federal soldiers. Surrounded, he tried to shoot his way out, but was himself riddled with bullets. 

Tragedy struck again at Barnsley in 1866 when Captain James Peter Baltzelle, (Mrs. Saylor’s father) was killed by falling timbers while supervising the rebuilding of a bridge burned by the army. He had come through the war without a scratch. 

Godfrey Barnsley’s sons were among the Irreconcilables--those Southerners who could not accept defeat when the war was over. Some of the Irreconcilables went to the West Indies, some to Central and some to South America, where their descendants live to this day, speaking Spanish or Portuguese fluently and English with a foreign accent, but keeping their Georgia, Alabama and South Carolina names. George Barnsley joined the Confederate colony in Brazil, and old correspondence regarding his power of attorney indicates that his brother Lucien was there also. George came back to Barnsley Gardens in the eighteen nineties to claim a share of the art treasures and other furnishings of the house. These he shipped to New York and sold at great sacrifice, according to his niece, Mrs. Addie Baltzelle Saylor. 

Mrs. Saylor and her family were living in Barnsley Gardens in 1906 when a tornado blew the roof off the main house. Furnishings were hastily transferred to the two smaller houses. Then, before the Saylors were able to raise money for necessary repairs to the main house, Mr. Saylor died. Mrs. Saylor was left with three children to bring up, a girl and two boys. The wing with the dormer windows became the permanent family residence, it’s great dining room converted into a living room. 

Mrs. Saylor believed that Barnsley Gardens was haunted by more than the memories of it’s past tragedies. She wrote a series of articles for The Atlanta Journal Magazine which were published shortly before her death in 1942, and in one of these she said that she had often seen her long-dead grandmother, the beautiful Julia Scarborough, walking in the gardens at Barnsley. Every afternoon at a certain time, Mrs. Saylor said, she also heard her grandfather push back his chair in the library, just as he had done in life.  She believed that George Barnsley appeared at the front door of the house on the day of his death in South America, 

Mrs. Saylor’s younger son, Harry, answered the door when a loud knock was heard. He came back, his mother said, looking very odd. She asked for an explanation. 

‘’Uncle George was there, ‘’ Harry told her. ‘’but he disappeared.’’ They went back to the door. It was a gloomy, rainy day, but there was no muddy footprints on the floor of the porch. Harry tried to laugh it off. Next day they received the cablegram telling of George Barnsley’s death in South America at the exact time Harry answered that summons at the front door. Mrs. Saylor’s daughter grew up, married and moved to another state. From earliest childhood the two boys dreamed of restoring the house built by their great- grandfather. But it was a job of mammoth proportions and there was never enough money. Bartow County is rich in mineral deposits--barite, bauxite, manganese, ocher, iron, brick clays. shale, talc and limestone. There was always the hope that the mineral rights at Barnsley Gardens might restore the family fortunes. 

The Saylor boys were very different in temperament, according to an old family friend. Preston, the older brother, achieved some success in the prize ring, using the professional name of K.O. Duggan. Harry was the quiet type. He gave all his time to affairs at Barnsley Gardens. On November 5, 1935, the morning of his death, Harry discussed plans for certain structural repairs with his mother and said, ‘’It won’t be long now, mama,’’

But the house that Godfrey Barnsley never finished was not to be finished by his grandsons.  For sometime there had been bad blood between Harry and his older brother, Preston Saylor. As so often happens, disagreements about property rights had engendered ill feelings. But an even more serious complication had developed. Preston Saylor suffered injuries in the prize ring which, it was alleged, temporarily affected his mind, and he had been committed to the state hospital for the insane.  Then on March 13, 1935, he escaped. He went back to Barnsley Gardens but did not stay.  It is said he blamed his younger brother for his commitment. It was also said that when he returned to Barnsley Gardens in November of that same year, he hid in one of the outbuildings for a time.  And then, on the morning of November 5, 1935, he appeared suddenly in the living room of the house and shot his brother. 

Harry fell, a bullet through his heart, and died in his mother’s arms. ‘’Preston was not himself,’’ Mrs. Saylor cried in her dark extremity. And later she wrote, ‘’I love my older son too.’’

Preston Saylor was convicted of murder but recommended to the mercy of the court. On November 27, 1936, he was sentenced to life imprisonment. In January, 1943, he was paroled and subsequently given his full freedom. 

After Mrs. Saylor’s death in 1942 the remaining estate of two thousand acres was sold to Mr. and Mrs. G.C. Phillips of Birmingham and Kingston. They also bought the large collection of books and old papers that made up the Barnsley library. All the rest of the handsome furnishings were sold at auction. 

A tenant farmer and his family now live in the house built for Godfrey Barnsley’s white housekeeping staff, a long one-story brick building on the slope near the big spring. Children not of Barnsley’s blood play among the ruins of the main house and chase butterflies in the old garden. And so ends the story of the Barnsley’s at the great house planned in the North Georgia mountains by a young Englishman for the girl he loved--a dream castle that became a ghost castle. 

That Godfrey Barnsley loved Julia all his life is shown by his touching effort to communicate with her in New Orleans through the medium of spiritualism. Among the small collection of Mrs. Saylor’s keepsakes now at Emory University library is a transcript of a purported message to Godfrey Barnsley from his deceased father-in-law, William Scarborough. 

‘’My dear Julia is with me and when she has proper control, she will have something to say which will send home conviction of spiritualism,’’ Mr. Scarborough’s spirit is quoted as saying. But Godfrey Barnsley seems to have been skeptical. Apparently he asked the spirit of William Scarborough to describe the mortal Scarborough and received this reply:
‘’If I should ask you to  describe  your minute  physical appearance and features as  they were 20 years ago, could you do so? The ‘’spirit’’ then assured Mr. Bansley that ‘’you shall in good time be reasonably convinced.’’

Unfortunately that is the end of the transcript.

Transcribed by Bartow Ancestors, Inc.
White Columns in Georgia
by Medora Field Perkerson

Secesher- a secessionist soldier or sympathizer in the American Civil War
Scullery- The term "scullery" has fallen into disuse in North America, the room being more commonly referred to as a utility room or laundry room.

Letter From George

This letter was written by George Scarborough Barnsley (1837-1918) of Woodlands Plantation, Cass County, Georgia. He was the son of Godfrey Barnsley (1805-1873), a cotton exporter of Savannah and New Orleans, and Julia Scarborough (1810-1845). He was educated at Oglethorpe University at Midway, Georgia, from 1854 through 1857.


During the Civil War, George and his brother Lucien served the Confederacy as privates in Co. A (Rome Light Guard) of the 8th Georgia Regiment. In late 1862, they “appealed to their father to use his influence to get them promoted: ‘Neither fear the fighting, but dread the almost sure death from disease,’ if they returned to the ranks. George applied to be a hospital steward and decided to study medicine and chemistry, then become an assistant surgeon..”


[source: A Confluence of Transatlantic Networks…. by Laura Jarnagin, page 195]


After the war, in 1866, George emigrated with Lucien to Brazil as part of a group under the leadership of Frank McMullen. Except for the period 1890-1896, when he returned to the United States, he remained in Brazil, where he practiced medicine, for the rest of his life. He married Mary Lamira Emerson in 1869.


George Barnsley had five brothers and sisters who survived infancy. Anna Goodwin Barnsley (b. 1829) married Thomas Corse Gilmour of the Isle of Man, England, in New Orleans in 1850. Gilmour died in England in 1865. The Gilmours had two children, Murray Barnsley (b. 1850) and Julia Eliza (b. 1852). Harold Barnsley (1832-1862) was an adventurer who died in Shanghai in 1862. Adelaide Barnsley (1834-1858) married John Kelso Reid of Ireland in New Orleans in 1857, and had one child, Godfrey Forrest Reid (b. 1858). Julia Bernard Barnsley (b. 1836) married James Peter Baltzell (d. 1868) in 1864. The Baltzells had one child, Adelaide (1864-1942). In 1872 Julia Barnsley married a second time, to Charles H. Von Schwartz (d. 1885). Lucien Barnsley (1840-1892) married Martha H. Grady in Brazil in 1871.




Lynchburg, Virginia

October 10th 1862


Dear Father,


Your letter of the 5th inst. enclosing one from Julia, and three dollars on Bank of Yan-ceyville, N. Ca., was received this morning and I haste to reply as Lucien and I made an agreement to send all letters received from home by either party to each other as speedily as possible after the receipt.


I am truly glad to learn that Moses has been behaving better and trust that you may not have any more trouble with him.


I am also happy to hear that the tobacco is sold and at such a good price. If you think it advisable, I will be much obliged if you will invest the proceeds of the sale of the tobacco in some good interest-bearing stock, or in C. S. ____.


If I am not mistaken, Mr. Mathis can be exempted from the conscription under the head of allowing a certain number of men on plantations as overseers. I think you ought to try to keep him with you for this winter will prove a great trial to your impaired health without him.


There is nothing new. We have not yet heard who have been appointed to fill the places of the Asst. Surgeons General &c. but a few days must certainly determine and you will be advised if it affects us in any way. It certainly will in some way. Dr. Williams is now with us and we are kept quite busy. We are becoming quite settled and comfortable. There are some few cases of small pox in the hospital at this place but very strong measures have been taken to prevent its spread. I do not apprehend any trouble from it.


The weather until today has been most parching. It appears as if we were on the eve of a long rainy spell. Much uneasiness is expressed in regard to our recent repulse at Corinth. Nothing new from Gen. Lee. It will not be long, however, before we have exciting times. It is said and I presume it is true that some 6,000 Yankees are close to Culpepper Court House. We have very few men about the Rapidan. No alarm exists, I believe, from the fear that the Yankees can do much harm from Culpepper.


Lucian S Barnsley_large   I wrote you a few days since quite a long letter and as I am pressed for time now, I must close. I am very much obliged for the three dollars — it was a godsend, as I was just out of money having been forced to advance heavily on mess account from the unsettled way of our present life. But now we will do much better in the way of living &c. as today we have made some new arrangements. I am not in want of money. I will draw my pay in three weeks. I hoped to lay by a few dollars for Christmas but it is impossible to do so. I meant to have spoken of the matter before this but among the whirl of other business, I forgot it. Lucien and I intend to get furloughs to pay a short visit home sometime about Xmas if we can get them — of which I have little doubt. I can only be away from my post a short time. Lucien can remain longer. I will write you again about the matter.


I am your affectionate son, — Geo. S. Barnsley


Enclosed please find letter to Julia. Would you like me to send you the Lynchburg Rep-ublican when anything interesting is in it? I get daily.

George Scarborough Barnsley of Woodlands Plantation, Cass County, Ga., and São Paulo, Brazil, was a Confederate soldier, hospital steward, medical student, and assistant surgeon in the 8th Georgia Regiment. He emigrated to Brazil after the Civil War. Members of Barnsley's family included his father, Godfrey Barnsley (1805-1873), his brother, Lucien Barnsley (1840-1892), and his sister, Julia Bernard Barnsley (b. 1836).

From the description of George Scarborough Barnsley papers, 1837-1918 (bulk 1846-1873) [manuscript]. WorldCat record id: 22377285

George Scarborough Barnsley (1837-1918) of Woodlands Plantation, Cass County, Georgia, and Sao Paulo, Brazil, was the son of Godfrey Barnsley (1805-1873), a cotton exporter of Savannah and New Orleans, and Julia Scarborough Barnsley (1810-1845). He was educated at Oglethorpe University at Midway, Georgia, from 1854 through 1857. During the Civil War, he served as a private in the 8th Georgia Regiment, and later as a hospital steward, medical student, and assistant surgeon. In 1866 he emigrated with his brother, Lucien, to Brazil as part of a group under the leadership of Frank McMullen. Except for the period 1890-1896, when he returned to the United States, he remained in Brazil, where he practiced medicine, for the rest of his life. He married Mary Lamira Emerson in 1869.

George Barnsley had five brothers and sisters who survived infancy. Anna Goodwin Barnsley (b. 1829) married Thomas Corse Gilmour of the Isle of Man, England, in New Orleans in 1850. Gilmour died in England in 1865. The Gilmours had two children, Murray Barnsley (b. 1850) and Julia Eliza (b. 1852). Harold Barnsley (1832-1862) was an adventurer who died in Shanghai in 1862. Adelaide Barnsley (1834-1858) married John Kelso Reid of Ireland in New Orleans in 1857 and had one child, Godfrey Forrest Reid (b. 1858). Julia Bernard Barnsley (b. 1836) married James Peter Baltzell (d. 1868) in 1864. The Baltzells had one child, Adelaide (1864-1942). In 1872 Julia Barnsley married a second time, to Charles H. Von Schwartz (d. 1885). Lucien Barnsley (1840-1892) married Martha H. Grady in Brazil in 1871.

George Barnsley had five children, Mary Adelaide Barnsley (b. 1870), who married Manoel Guedes in 1885, Julia Henrietta (1872-1875), Godfrey Emerson (b. 1874), George Scarborough (b. 1877), and Harold, who died as an infant.

Julia Bernard Barnsley, the woman who inspired the creation of the character Scarlett O'Hara and her relationship with Itapetininga and the region.

In the classic film Gone with the Wind from 1939, the character Scarlett O'Hara is a strong woman, who overcomes all adversities to take care of her family and her possessions. The story takes place in the 1860s, during the Civil War in the United States.

She loses loved ones, becomes a widow, and with a mission to raise her children alone amid the chaos of the civil war conflict and at a time when women played a secondary role in society, she faces public opinion and becomes head of the family and businesswoman acquiring a sawmill and working in the cotton fields to maintain the family's financial security.

The film was a resounding success and is now considered a classic for dealing with a taboo topic at the time, which was female freedom. Off-screen also made history with Hattie McDanie who played the character Mammy. For her performance in the film, she was the first black actress to receive an Oscar (best supporting actress) in the history of cinema and the first to attend the ceremony as a guest and not as a servant.

The Woodlands mansion and the inspiration for Scarlett

Continuing in the real world, in 1824, a cotton merchant in England, Mr. Godfrey Barnsley (1805-1873) moves to the United States along with his wife, Julia Henrietta Scarborough (1810-1845), to the city of New Orleans. , where it establishes itself as a buyer and exporter of cotton to Europe.

In 1841 he builds a mansion in the state of Georgia, with an extensive garden and 10,000 acres of cotton fields. The mansion was magnificent, he called it the Woodlands, where he and his wife raised their 6 children. It had 2 floors, 24 rooms, several works of art brought from Europe, and a magnificent garden.

But the life of the Barnsley family began to change with a succession of family tragedies over the years and with the onset of the Civil War in the United States as aggravating factor.

Within a year of the couple's youngest son dying, Mrs. Barnsley contracted tuberculosis and died in 1845.

Then his daughter Adelaide died and 4 years later his son Harold disappeared in the Far East, probably killed by Chinese pirates in Shanghai, while looking for works of art and exotic plants to trade in the United States.

Barnsley's 2 other sons, George Scarborough Barnsley (1837-1918) and Lucien Barnsley (1840-1892), were at war and their father had not heard from them.

Around 1864, Barnsley saw his lands and mansion being invaded by Yankee soldiers, who destroyed his house, smashed Italian statues and Chinese porcelain, tore up canvases and ravaged the gardens, looted the cellar and stole rare books from his library.

Barnsley went bankrupt as before the looting of his property he had invested a lot of money in war bonds and at the end of it his finances were severely affected.

He had to leave the property to try to recover financially, going to New Orleans in search of opportunities and leaving his lands in the care of his daughter, Julia Bernard Barnsley (1836-1899) and her first husband, Captain James Peter Baltzell.

Together, they would try to recover the cotton plantation, which in the past was the family's main source of income, and restore the mansion.

Without even money for food, Julia started to plant turnips to feed her family and as her father's property had a part of it with forest, she and her husband began to cut trees to sell the wood and raise money to resume the cotton harvest ( Whoever watched Gone with the Wind remembers that Scarllet set up a sawmill to raise money).

But a tragedy happened, Captain Baltzell, who returned from the war without a scratch, died crushed by a tree he had cut down.

Julia, now a widow, had to gather strength again to manage the business alone and be the head of the family, having even defended her lands with a shotgun, warding off invaders who tried to enter the property.

Julia's financial situation became very difficult, the post-war economy was taking a long time to consolidate, so she made the decision to join her father in New Orleans in 1872, while the cotton plantation was not enough to generate income.

According to microfilmed letters from the Barnsley family, filed at the University Libraries, Julia was a very beautiful, intelligent and strong-willed woman.

In New Orleans she met Captain Charles Henry von Schwartz, whom she married.

1 year after their marriage, her father, Mr. Barnsley, died in New Orleans and Julia arranged for him to be buried in the Woodlands, where he had invested so much and dreamed of seeing the mansion rebuilt again.

After Mr. Barnsley's death, the property was divided equally between the children, leaving Julia and her husband with the mansion, which was in great disrepair, and also with a good part of the fields for growing cotton, which still did not generate income.

She and her husband continued in New Orleans in other activities, but keeping the plantation on the property and the dream of restoring their father's house.

These were very difficult years for the couple, who worked hard to maintain their goals, but implacable fate once again left Julia a widow, in 1885 von Schwartz died.

With nowhere to go, Julia returns to her estate, along with her daughter from her first marriage, Adelaide Baltzell, and together they begin to make the house habitable and restore the gardens. Adelaide, or Addie as she was affectionately called, became attached to the place and became determined to restore it, as her grandfather and mother wanted.

In 1897, Addie married Benjamin Franklin Armington Saylor, a mineralogy entrepreneur.

Despite several ventures that the couple owned, they still didn't get enough money to restore the mansion, but they managed to restore the cotton plantation, which at that time already generated enough income for the whole family.

Two years after Addie's marriage, her mother, Mrs. Julia Baltzell/von Schwartz died.

In 1906, another tragedy in the mansion, a tornado took the entire roof, destroyed a good part of the building leaving only an area of ​​the kitchen intact and left the dream of restoration further away.

The Saylors managed to recover some of the furniture, but they were never able to restore the mansion again.

In 1912, Benjamin Franklin Armington Saylor died and widow Addie stayed with her children on the farm, which now owned the cotton plantation in full production.

The inspiration for the creation of the character Scarlett O'Hara.

Margaret Munnerlyn Mitchell, the writer of Gone with the Wind, read the 1866 book St. Elmo by writer Augusta Jane Evans. In this book, the writer recounts the difficulties faced on a cotton farm, which has the fictitious name of Le Bocage , the French name for The Woodlands.

Mitchell was impressed with the book and began researching Augusta Evans' source of inspiration, until she came up with the name Addie.

She contacted a friend from the Woodlands area and arranged a meeting with Addie, who told the whole story of her mother Julia.

Mitchell was extremely touched by Julia's life narrative and in 1936 she published her classic Gone The Wind , in Brazil known as E O Vento Gouve, where the protagonist Scarlet O'Hara, had several similarities with Mrs. Julia Baltzell/von Schwartz (Bernard Barnsley). After Addie Saylor's death in 1942, the property was sold along with the contents of the house. Curators at the Savannah Museum of History took away several pieces of furniture that can still be seen on display, at the same address as the mansion, 597 Barnsley Gardens Road NW, Adairsville, Bartow County, Georgia.


But what about Itapetininga and region? What does it have to do with it?

Godfrey Barnsley's 2 sons, George Scarborough Barnsley and Lucien Barnsley, served in the war for the 8th Georgia Regiment in the Confederate army.

George Scarborough Barnsley had studied medicine and chemistry at the University of Oglethorpe in Midway, Georgia and after the war, faced with the difficulties faced by the family and seeing his father's mansion practically destroyed, he decided, along with his brother, to join a group that emigrated to Brazil, led by Frank McMullen.

In one of his letters to his father, George Scarborough wrote: Why should I remain to weep over war-torn graves? I have no other hope but emigration.

In Brazil, George went to São Paulo and there he married Mary Lamira Emerson, an immigrant from Mississippi, daughter of the Protestant pastor William Curtis Emerson, who had settled in Santa Barbara, near Americana, in the Province of São Paulo. Shortly after the wedding, George bought a wooden wagon that another immigrant had brought from the United States and began to practice wandering medicine on the farms of Vale do Paraíba in the Province of Rio de Janeiro, living with his family in the wagon.

Using his knowledge of chemistry, he decided to venture into gold mining and then went to the region of Itapetininga-SP.

It obtained authorization from the government of São Paulo to mine gold in Itapetininga, by decree no. 6074 of December 24, 1875, renewed by decree nº 7096 – OF NOVEMBER 30, 1878 and again by decree 8086 on May 7, 1881 .

He invested all his possessions in this venture and the gold collected during all these years did not cover the expenses, becoming a real failure.

While exploring the mines in Itapetininga, the family lived in Tatuí-SP, a neighboring city to Itapetininga, where daughters Mary Adelaide Barnsley and Julia Henrietta Barnsley were born.

The eldest daughter, Mary Adelaide, married Manuel Guedes Pinto de Melo in Tatuí, changing her name to Mary Adelaide Guedes and they settled there with their 8 children, where until today there are descendants of Julia Bernard Barnsley, the woman who inspired the Gone with the Wind character creation.

George Scarborough Barnsley worked as a physician in São Paulo for the rest of his life, where he died in 1918.

The  Children of George and Lucien Barnesley

george s barnsley 2.jpg

George Scarbrough Barnsley


BIRTH 1837 • Savannah, Chatham, Georgia, USA

DEATH 1918 • Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Married:  4 MAR 1869 • Fasenda de San Luiz,

St. Bargara, Sao Paulo, Brazil

MaryLou Lamira Emerson


BIRTH 11 JUL 1853 • Meridian, Lauderdale,

Mississippi, USA

DEATH 15 MAR 1939 • prob Brazil

Daughter of William Curtis Emerson and

Elizabeth Agnes Bingham

For More on the Emerson Family



Mary Adelaide Barnsley


BIRTH 7 FEB 1870 • Tahuty, Sao Paulo, Brazil

DEATH Unknown


Julia Henrietta Barnsley


BIRTH 16 MARCH 1872 • State of Sao Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 8 AUGUST 1875 • State of Sao Paulo, Brazil

Died Young

godfredo 1.jpg


Godofredo Emerson Barnsley


BIRTH 11 JUL 1874 • Barra Mansa, Rio

de Janeiro, Brazil

DEATH 11 NOV 1935 • Brazil

Married:  1915 • Campinas, Sao Palo, Brazil

Alzira Monfort


BIRTH 21 MAY 1889 • Amparo, Sao Paulo,


DEATH 3 NOV 1989 • Rio de Janeiro, Rio

de Janeiro, Brazil

Daughter of Caetano and Lydia Monfort

godfredo 2.jpg
alzira montfort 1.jpg

(Translated from Portuguese)

On July 11, 1874, in Quatis, around Barra Mansa, Godfrey Emerson Barnsley was born, the third son of George Scarbrough Barnsley and Mary Lamira Emerson. With the increase of the family, the couple settled initially in Resende and then in other cities of the Paraíba Valley. In 1888, disgusted by the failure in business, his father decided to return to his family's farm in Woodlands, United States (north of Atlanta, Georgia). He took his entire family, except his eldest daughter, who had recently married Manuel Guedes Pinto de Melo and settled in Tatuí, State of São Paulo. At the time, Godfrey Emerson Barnsley was 14. At the farm in Woodlands, Godfrey was a heavy-duty man. Once, cracking firewood, the axe accidentally slips, hitting the leg bone below the knee. That wound caused him pain for the rest of his life.

When he was about 16, realizing that he was not going to have any future on the farm, he said goodbye to his mother and followed on foot, by the railway line, to the north. With no money, he hitchhiked on freight trains, overnight in some residences that gave him shelter and food. He arrived in Philadelphia, where he was washing dishes to keep up, did his studies, and majored in dentistry. By the time he returned to Woodlands, his family had already returned to Brazil. He said he remembered that the Brazilians had very bad teeth and, thinking that there he would find a lot of work, he returned to Brazil, where he changed his name to Godofredo Emerson Barnsley.

He went to practice dentistry in Campinas and in 1905 he married Alzira Monfort, daughter of Caetano Monfort, an illustrious doctor in that city. Shortly thereafter he settled in the city of São Paulo, where, in addition to practicing dentistry, he was a professor of dentistry at the Faculty of São Paulo. He became one of the best and best-known dentists in São Paulo where he made his fortune. From the marriage, he had two daughters, Lydia and Olga. During the holidays, he liked to go hunting and fishing in Mato Grosso. In one of these fisheries, he contracted yellow fever, was admitted to the Hospital dos Estrangeiros in São Paulo, and was wrongly diagnosed due to ignorance of tropical diseases in this hospital, died on November 11, 1935, at the age of 61.


Godfrey was a very upstanding and humane man, well respected in the high society of São Paulo. He tells Olga, his daughter, that at the age of 14, a beggar knocked on the family's door. It was lunchtime and Godofredo invited him to have lunch and sit at the table with his family.

Olga was indignant, but Godofredo said that the beggar was a human being, he had a mouth and a stomach. After lunch, Godofredo gave a coin to the beggar. The latter complained that it was not enough, threw it on the floor. Godofredo told the family to remain seated at the table, that the beggar would return to get the coin. And so it happened. After that, he left.

Godofredo was a progressive man who read a lot, was very educated, and was always in a very good mood. His English had a southern accent and his Portuguese always indicated his North American origin. He was very critical of the lack of hygiene at the time, women's clothes and fashions, and the mania of Brazilians to judge that everything French was good and to reject what was native to the country.

When he published the book “São Paulo no Ano 2000” he was 35 years old. He was already a well-known dentist in the city and taught at the local College. He himself financed the publication of his book. In the press, he was praised by some and criticized by others who wrote that instead of publishing books, he should go get his teeth treated. As a result, the book sold poorly. Olga says that the books were kept in the house pantry. One day his wife, Alzira, made a fire in the backyard and burned the rest that hadn't been sold.

Once, Aristaeus, married to Lydia, his eldest daughter, bought a copy of the book in a second-hand bookshop. This book, as well as another “In and out of the Lines” written by a Woodlands neighbor about family stories during the Civil War, as well as a manuscript by George S. Barnsley, are with Diana Margarete, Olga's daughter.

Godofredo also had properties in Santos, where he owned a motorboat called Alzira to go fishing on weekends.

There are two books published in Brazil about American immigration:

-“Soldier Rests” by Judith Mac Knight Jones – Jarde Publication, 1967.

- The (non) Manifesto Destiny – North American immigrants in Brazil by Ana Maria Costa de Oliveira – Published by União Cultural Brasil Estados Unidos, 1995. In this book, there is a photo of the Barnsley family appearing Godofredo on the cover, and in its content, several family photos.


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Lydia Monfort Barnsley


BIRTH 14 JUL 1907 • Brazil

DEATH 31 MAR 1942 • Brazil


Aristeu Soares


BIRTH 12 APR 1898

DEATH 11 NOV 1988



Marina Barnsley Soares


BIRTH 11 APR 1937

DEATH 11 NOV 2001


Raphael D'Alessandro

BIRTH Unknown


Olga Monfort Barnsley


BIRTH 1 APR 1908 • Brazil

DEATH 22 JUN 1985 • Rio de Janeiro, Rio de

Janeiro, Brazil


Johann Leonhard Paul Scheuenstuhl


BIRTH 30 MAR 1906 • Offencbach am Main,


DEATH 22 OCT 1977 • Rio de Janeiro, Rio de

Janeiro, Brazil

Son of Johann Georg Leonhard and Margareth Scheuenstuhl


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Godfrey Barnesley Scheuenstuhl

Married 1st:

Maria Pérola de Castro Cortesão 


BIRTH 24 SEP 1936 • Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

DEATH 10 OCT 1980 • Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil



                      Fabio Cortesão Barnsley Scheuenstuhl


                      Fernanda Torres Mallmann

                              Daughter of Fernando Azambuja Mallmann                                                      and Therezita Pezzi Torres


                      Marcos Cortesão Barnsley Scheuenstuhl

Married 2nd:

Elizabeth Maia da Fonseca

Daughter of Ovidio Lucas da Fonseca and Ridete Maia



Robert Barnesley Scheuenstuhl


Vivian Casagrande


Paulo Barnesley Scheuenstuhl


_____ Cantarino


Diana Margaret Barnsley Scheuenstuhl


Luciano Ribeiro

BIRTH Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

DEATH Unknown

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George Barnsley


BIRTH 11 JUL 1874 • Quintas, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

DEATH 4 SEP 1877

Died at age three

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Elizabeth Agnes Barnsley


BIRTH MAR 1884 • Balucata, Sao Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 10 JAN 1936 • Sao Paulo Brazil


Charles James Holland


BIRTH 19 DEC 1878 • Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 02 FEB 1937 • Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

Son of Englishman  George Harry Holland


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George Barnsley Holland


BIRTH 25 AUG 1910 • Dorset, England

DEATH 2 FEB 1973 • Rio de Janeiro,

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Married:​                                                                                                                            Marjorie Delia Bowe


BIRTH 10 JAN 1917 • Nova Friburgo,

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

DEATH 12 NOV 1997 • Rio de Janeiro,

Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Daughter of Vernon Parker Bowe and

Alice Mabel Morse


Children: (4)


                    Florence Agnes Holland

                          BIRTH 26 JAN 1938 • São Paulo, Brazil


Julia Margaret Holland


BIRTH 1 OCT 1916 • Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 21 JUN 2009 • Joanópolis, São Paulo, Brazil

Married:  27 Oct 1959 • Whatcom, Washington, USA

Colin Cameron MacDonell


BIRTH ABT 1905 • Montreal, Quebec, Canada

DEATH 12 APR 1989

Son of James Alexander MacDonell and Maud Cameron

JULIA MARGARET HOLLAND MACDONELL, daughter of Charles James Holland and Agnes Barnsley Holland, died on June 21, at the age of 92, born in São Paulo on 10/1/1916, lived in Joanópolis for decades in the neighbor-hood of Cancan and after being widowed by Collins Cameron Macdonell, transferred her residence to the city. A person of enviable lucidity and exceptional charisma, whose conversation, common sense, and smile enchanted everyone.

Last year she released his first book in the United States (Georgia), entitled THE BOY AND THE WARRIOR, and this year she was working on the launch in Brazil of the book that tells the adventure of a boy in a time of the warrior Zumbi dos Palmares, translating it into Portuguese, and he was already drafting another book about the story of one of her grandmothers.

Dona Julia was the granddaughter of English and North Americans and was always engaged with her writings, stories, and memories, especially in relation to the armed conflicts in São Paulo in 1924 and 1932, which she witnessed in São Paulo.

At over ninety years old, Dona Julia was an example of how it is never too late to start something, and when asked about the best medicine to maintain this health, she always replied that the recipe was to never stop making plans and always update yourself. give up on the future. Dona Julia used her computer, with her e-mails, blogs, and MSNs, always updating herself both in the world of information technology and in current affairs and world events, she spoke with ease with people of all ages.

She is missed by all the residents of Joanópolis and everyone who had the pleasure of meeting her and enjoying good English tea and good conversations at her house.

Her body was veiled in Joanópolis and then transferred to the capital of São Paulo, where it was buried in the family tomb.

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Robert Barnsley Holland


BIRTH 31 JAN 1919 • Sao Paulo S, Brazil

DEATH 2 SEP 2000

Married:  17 Nov 1945 • Penn Yan, New York, USA

Ruth Barrus


BIRTH 12 OCT 1922 • Penn Yan, New York, USA


Daughter of Sheldon Monroe Barrus and Miriam Hurlbut

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Harold Barnesley Holland


BIRTH 13 JUN 1912

DEATH Unknown


Arlette Lamoure



Alexander Holland


BIRTH 11 NOV 1955

DEATH 19 MAY 1995


Sylvia Lamour Holland

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Mary Barnsley Agnes Holland


BIRTH 11 JUL 1921 • Sao Paulo,

Sao Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 5 FEB 2012 • Glendale,

Los Angeles, California,


Married:  4 Oct 1952 • Los Angeles,

California, USA

Robert Leon Grizzle


BIRTH 9 APR 1923 • Los Angeles, Los Angeles County,

California, USA

DEATH 12 SEP 2002 • Glendale, Los Angeles,

California, USA



                     James Hall Grizzle


                            BIRTH 24 APR 1958

                            DEATH 7 NOV 2014

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Forest Lawn Memorial Park

Glendale, Los Angeles County, California, USA


Holland Children

(L-R)  Back - Harold, George

Front - Julia, Robert  and Elizabeth Agnes

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Holland sons

Seated: George Harry Holland

 Standing - middle: Albert Holland,  

Right: William Holland

Left  Charles James Holland

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(L-R )  StandingFabio Cortesão Barnsley Scheuenstuhl

Sylvia Lamoure Holland

Harold Barnsley Holland,  

Julia M. H. Macdonell, 

Seated -  Fernanda Torres Mallmann, Julia Mallmann  Scheuenstuhl, Unnamed  with dog


Harold Barnesley Holland 2.jpg
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Haeold Barnesley Holland


Harold Barnsley


BIRTH 3 MAY 1884 • Province of Rio, Brazil

DEATH 7 SEP 1884

Died as infant

For more on the GradyFamily

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Lucien Barnsley


BIRTH 12 NOV 1840 • Georgia, USA

DEATH 16 JUL 1892 • Sao Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Son of Godfrey Barnsley and Julia Henrietta Scarbgrough

Martha Hannah Grady


BIRTH 5 AUG 1849 • Kemper County, Mississippi, USA

DEATH Unknown

Married:  Bef 1885 • Sao Paulo,,,Brasil


For More on the Grady Family

Lucien B 1.png
Lucien Barnsley 3.jpeg
Lucien 2.png

Source :  Find A Grave

Hannah Grady married Lucien Barnsley

Lucien left Georgia and arrived at Sao Paulo, Brazil, in May 1867.

Lucien was married at Tatuhy, S. Paulo, on June 6th, 1871, to Martha Hannah Grady, formerly of Meridian, Mississippi. They had three children. Lucien was survived by his wife and only daughter, Anna, married to Dr. Leonel Pessoa, all of whom were residents of the city of Itapyra, S. Paulo.

The obituary published in a Georgia newspaper did not name the cemetery. However, it is highly likely that Lucien is buried in this cemetery, because his niece, Julia Henrietta Barnsley, is buried in the cemetery. Also, this cemetery is where most non-Catholics from the United States living in Sao Paulo were buried in the late 1800s.

For information on Lucien and the Barnsley family, read the fascinating book Barnsley Gardens at Woodlands, published in 2000 by Clent Coker.


Excerpts from "The Elusive Eden"

Page 48:

George Barnsley's younger brother, Lucien, did not have the confidence of his brother, and probably felt overshadowed by him most of his life.  Lucien served in the Civil War in the same unit as his brother and imitated George's plan to go to Brazil.

Page 60

(During the storm onboard the "Derby")

Lucien Barnsley was unable to sleep and ventured onto the deck during the height of the storm.  He saw that no one was manning the pumps and realized that the problems of leaking had become greater.  Moreover, he found the tied ship's wheel and realized that the captain had deserted his post.  About 1:00 or 2:00 a.m. Lucien called his brother to inform him of the situation and then went below to rouse others to assist in manning the pumps, "an exercise," said Barnesley, "which was attended with a waste of time and curses."  Two men did volunteer to help, however, and "a desultory pumping was kept up" until about 3:30 a.m. 

Page 69-70

(While encamped in Cuba after the shipwreck)

George Barnsley, ever the writer with a flair for news, also took pen and paper in hand and addressed a letter to the editor of the New OeleansTimes.  Seated next to Vermay's brick kiln, Barnsley entitled his epistle "Camp near Guaneyay Cuba, 15th February 1867."  He traced the misfortunes of the Derby from the time it left New Orleans until the date of the writing and then placed the account with a  letter to Godfrey Barnsley in Georgia.  Barnsley asked his father to forward it to the New Orleans Times and any other newspapers that he thought might be favorable to their cause.

The friends and family of the Barnsley brothers in Bartow County, Georgia, although sympathetic to the idea of immigration, did not see it as a practical solution to the problems faced by the former Confederates.  George and Lucien's sister, Julia Baltzelle, had not learned of the shipwreck by February 16 when she expressed concern for the well-being of George and Lucien.  In a letter to her father, she said that she hoped that the pair would arrive in Iguape and that she would be "very anxious until further intelligence from them."  Commenting on an expression of concern from one of Georgia's friends.  Julia noted that it would have been wrong for her brothers to have remained in the United States.  "He (George) had a hankering for Brazil," she philosophized, "and maybe it's for the best."....

....George Barnsley, who because of his background was very conscious of the cultural differences between himself and his fellow colonists, began to question his choice of companions.  "Many are very rough in their ways," he stated in a letter to his father, "and partake of the wildness of a former life in Texas, with all they are very pretentious toward being polished people."  The communication was forwarded to Barnsley's sister and brother-in-law, who, like George, were mindful of social considerations.  Captain J.P. Baltzelle, commenting on the situation in a note to Godfrey Barnsley, said that he would recommend that if George and Lucien were going to Brazil, "not to wait for the motley crew that they had gotten in with... By remaining on the island they will not only spend their money but most likely get sick exposed  in their kind of camp life."

Baltzelle believed that the decision of George and Lucien to leave the United States was a wise one.  Although he did not personally feel that it would have been dangerous for his bother-in-law to have stayed.  "I doubt if such small fry as the boys or myself would be troubled," he said.  Baltzelle welcomed the advent of a military regime in Georgia as an alternative to anarchy.  "It is the only kind of government that will keep a certain class of bush-whackers, marauders, and envious scamps in a country in order.  If we can get good commanders, I doubt if law-abiding and quiet men of the South will be molested.

Although Captain Baltzelle believed that the decisions of the Barnsley to go to Brazil were wise, some in Texas remained extremely dubious of the move.  The editor of the Fakes Bulletin in Galveston could not resist the temptation to comment unfavorably on the fate of the former Texans.


Page 81

(While in New York, after leaving Cuba)

In an effort to disassociate themselves from Texans such as Jesse Wright, George and Lucien chose not to stay at the Collins Hotel.  Instead, George borrowed $50 in greenbacks from a New York business associate of his father, and the two brothers moved into the European Hotel, at 163 Hudson and the corner of Laight Street.  Barnsley described the place as a "cheap house where you pay $1.50 each per diem."  George promised his father in a letter of March 27 to "try to find a cheaper place, if possible."....

....It is likely that George and Lucien had already decided to continue with the colonists to Brazil despite their request for advice from their father on the matter.  The principal reason, not outlined by George in his letter,, was the lack of cash either for an ocean voyage to England or for study.  As a practical matter, the brothers had the alternatives of either going to Brazil or returning to Georgia..

While they were in the northeastern United States, however, the Barnsley brothers had the opportunity to visit old friends and acquaintances from school days in Rhode Island before the war.  On April 17 George wrote his father that he had been able to locate a Mrs. Green, his old schoolteacher.  Both brothers saw friends in Greenwich, Connecticut, who "would accept no excuse," for their not staying a few days. 






1.  Anna Barnsley

2.  Mary Reid Barnsley

3.  Lilly Barnsley


Anna Barnsley


BIRTH 21 APR 1873 • Tatuí, Sao Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 27 JUN 1940 • São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil


Leonel Estanislau Pessoa De Vasconcellos


BIRTH 10 MAY 1861 • Bananeiras, Paraiba, Brazil

DEATH 31 JUL 1931 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Son of Virgínio Estanislau Affonso and Maria Fortunata Das Neves

Dr. Leonel Vasconcellos


He was a great doctor who, having left a small town in the Northeast

region of Brazil and left for the state of São Paulo, formed one of

the most traditional and productive families in the country.

Dr. Leonel Estanislau Pessoa de Vasconcellos was born on May 10,

1861, in the city of Bananeiras, which belonged to the Province of

Paraíba do Norte until 1888. He was the son of Virgínio Estanislau

Affonso and Dona Maria Fortunata das Neves and had seven siblings:

Abílio, Santos, Antero, Joaquim, Antônio, Laudelina and Joana 1,2 .

After completing his fundamental studies, he left for the then Federal

District, in order to take the entrance exam in order to attend the med-

ical  course. He joined the Faculty of Medicine of Rio de Janeiro, a trad-

itional training center for doctors in the country, in the year 1880. He

graduated in 1885 and presented on the 29th of September his thesis

“Indications and contraindications of the burr drill in head trauma”,

Dissertation for the Second Chair of Clinical Surgery, which he held on December 22, 1885, and approved with distinction, in order to obtain the degree of Doctor of Medicine. At that time, Counselor Dr. Vicente Cândido Figueira de Sabóia was Director of the Faculty. He was a student of great names in Brazilian medicine, such as Drs. Pedro Affonso de Carvalho Franco, Nuno de Andrade, Barata Ribeiro, among others. He managed to complete his medical course thanks to the help of his family, and especially his uncle and godfather, Father Antero Estanislau Ourique de Vasconcellos, who sacrificed a lot to see his godson come true. He was a Clinical Intern, by competition, at Hospital de Misericórdia do Rio de Janeiro and Assistant of Operations and Devices, also by competition, at the Faculty of Medicine of Rio de Janeiro. Founding and Honorary Member of the Hospital Interns Guild from the Faculty of Medicine of Rio de Janeiro. Founding and Honorary Member of the Hospital Interns Guild from the Faculty of Medicine of Rio de Janeiro. Founding and Honorary Member of the Hospital Interns Guild2.3 .         

After graduation, he left for the State of São Paulo where he met and married Dona Anna Barnsley. His wife was born on April 21, 1873, and was the daughter of Lucien Barnsley and Martha O'Grady Barnsley, Americans who emigrated to Brazil after the so-called American Civil War. Eight children were born from this marriage: Heitor Barnsley Pessoa, the eldest, who died young studying engineering in the United  States;

Leonila Pessoa

Leia mais:




Leonila Barnsley Pessoa


BIRTH 27 JUL 1893 • Itapira, Sao Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 22 AUG 1984 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Maaied:  12 Jan 1927 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Hector Ostiz y Goñi


BIRTH 17 FEB 1893 • Montevideu, Uruguai

DEATH 26 JUN 1954 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

Son of Federico Ostiz and  Martina Goñi




Luiz Pessoa Ostiz


BIRTH 12 AUG 1930 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

DEATH 10 JUN 1998 • São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil


_____ De Carvalho Barros


Beatriz Pessoa Ostiz


Otávio Guimarães Guimarães


BIRTH Unknown

DEATH 1 DEC 1986

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Heitor Barnsley Pessoa


BIRTH ABT. 1894 • Brazil


Died young studying engineering in the United  States


Waldemar Barnsley Pessoa


BIRTH 23 JAN 1897 • São João da Boa Vista, São Paulo, Brasil

DEATH 7 APR 1980 • Ribeirão Preto, São Paulo, Brasil


Aracy dos Santos Musa

Waldemar Barnsley Pessoa


São Paulo physician who held the position of Federal Deputy and who shone in the city of Ribeirão Preto where, along with other distinguished colleagues, he founded one of the most important hospitals in the interior of São Paulo.


Dr. Waldemar Barnsley Pessoa was born in the municipality of São João da Boa Vista, in the interior of São Paulo, on January 23, 1897. He was the son of Dr. Leonel Estanislau Pessoa de Vasconcelos, a physician, and Mrs. Anna Barnsley.


He entered the Faculty of Medicine and Surgery of São Paulo in 1917.


He was an assistant to Prof. Dr. João Alves Lima, in the Chair of Clinical Surgery and also in his private clinic. He was elected in 1920 to the position of President of the Academic Center "Oswaldo Cruz", for the medical students of his faculty. He graduated in the year 1922.


On April 6, 1927, he left for Europe on a study trip, where he stayed for two years in France and, for a longer period, in Germany, specializing in surgery. Upon returning to Brazil, he initially settled in the city of São José do Rio Pardo, where he was Chief Surgeon at Hospital São Vicente, having founded a modern Surgical Center in the region. In 1932, during the Constitutionalist Revolution, he was the Medical Captain of the revolutionary forces of the Sector.


He was Clinical Director of the Hospital Imaculada Conceição, Portuguese Beneficence Society of Ribeirão Preto.


Upon arriving in Ribeirão Preto, he soon began to stand out for his great skill as a surgeon and for the brilliant role he came to play as Clinical Director.


Then came the idea of ​​building a new modern hospital, which would provide the region with a nosocomial totally at the height of its progress. The São Francisco Hospital appears, whose name was a tribute to Francisco Maximiano Junqueira, Col. Quito. Together with the couple Quito and Sinhá Junqueira, they carried out major works of enormous importance for the population, including the Sinhá Junqueira Maternity Hospital, the Quito Junqueira Educandário, the Altino Arantes Library, etc.; everything being maintained by the Sinhá Junqueira Foundation.


Dr. Waldemar Pessoa collaborated a lot with the Faculty of Medicine of Ribeirão Preto, University of São Paulo, in the early days of the institution.


Deputy achieved numerous benefits for the region. In addition to medicine and politics, he carried out numerous other activities, including participation, together with four hundred other delegates from other nations, in the International Health Congress, having visited China and Russia on that occasion; President of the Ribeirão Preto Medical Center; Vice-President, and later President, of the Sinhá Junqueira Maternity Foundation; President of Educandário Coronel Quito Junqueira; Councilor, elected to the Regional Council of Medicine; Board Member of the Ribeiro Pinto Foundation; President of the Medical Research Assistance Fund; Founder and Secretary-General of the League Against Tuberculosis of Ribeirão Preto; among others.


The last years of his extremely productive life were assiduously dedicated to his children and the children of Educandário Quito Junqueira, who were truly adored by him and whose expressions of affection greatly moved him. He died in Ribeirão Preto on April 7, 1980, at the age of 83.




Samuel Barnsley Pessoa


BIRTH 31 MAY 1898 • São Paulo,

São Paulo, Brasil

DEATH 3 SEP 1976


Jovina Rocha Alvares 


BIRTH 7 AUG 1897 • Ribeirão

Preto, São Paulo, Brasil

DEATH 12 SEP 1988 • São Paulo,

São Paulo, Brasil

Daughter of  João Caetano Alvares

and Maria da Rocha



Science & Public Health: Builders of Public Health

 FAPESP Magazine: Medicine in the Field

Born in São Paulo, the son of a doctor from Paraíba and an English mother, Samuel Pessoa graduated from the Faculty of Medicine of São Paulo in 1921.

He developed a long and rich career as a professor and researcher, which allowed his characterization as "the great master of South American Parasitology", having provided important subsidies for action against the great parasitic endemics.

As he stated when he assumed the chair of Parasitology at the Faculty of Medicine in 1931, he sought to remain coherent with the objective of "always attributing the highest priority to the real nosological problems of the Brazilian man".

From an early age, faced with the harsh social reality, through his fieldwork, he became an ardent challenger of a system of social organization that allowed the maintenance of the subhuman conditions in which the vast majority of the people lived.

Persecuted by the regime implemented with the military coup of 64, he was unfairly accused of "having transformed his Department into a real factory of subversives " and saw his access to research institutions extremely difficult. Yet he maintained his productive activity until his death.

His choice as patron of the School Health Center was also due to the fact that he was the first director of a health unit - one can even say of the first School Health Center in Brazil - when he assumed, in 1923, the role of Chief Physician of the Experimental Post of the General Prophylaxis Inspectorate of the Sanitary Service of São Paulo , created at the Institute of Hygiene of the Faculty of Medicine of São Paulo .


jovina and sam passoa.jpg

Jovina Pessoa, like her husband, was a communist militant. Samuel Pessoa taught, wrote and dissem-inated what is currently known as “social determi-nants of health”

(photo: Samuel Pessooa/CAPH Archive)


Dulce Helena Alvares Pessoa

​BIRTH Brazil


Vitor De Almeida Ramos


Cyro Ruben Alvares Pessoa


BIRTH 1930 • Bela Vista, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

DEATH Unknown


Paulo Barnsley Pessoa


BIRTH 20 FEB 1902

DEATH Unknown


Eunice Escobar Ferraz


Jorge Barnsley Pessoa


Maria José Godoy


BIRTH 1909

DEATH 17 SEP 1986

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